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Faster, smarter?: Reaction times: raking around in cognitive psychology

Ian J. Deary

in Looking Down on Human Intelligence: From Psychometrics to the Brain

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198524175
eISBN:
9780191712531
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524175.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter describes and criticizes research that seeks the cognitive foundations of intelligence differences by studying various reaction time tasks and attempting to fractionate them into ... More


Simple Reaction Times: Basic Data

R. Duncan Luce

in Response Times: Their Role in Inferring Elementary Mental Organization

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195070019
eISBN:
9780199869879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195070019.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter discusses the simple reaction-time paradigm. Topics covered include the effect of signal properties on reaction time, effect of foreperiod on reaction time, the speed-accuracy tradeoff, ... More


Two-Choice Reaction Times: Basic Ideas and Data

R. Duncan Luce

in Response Times: Their Role in Inferring Elementary Mental Organization

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195070019
eISBN:
9780199869879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195070019.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter begins with a discussion of choice-reaction times and simple-reaction times. It then discusses a conceptual scheme for tradeoffs, discriminability and accuracy, speed-accuracy tradeoff, ... More


Looking Down on Human Intelligence: From Psychometrics to the Brain

Ian Deary

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198524175
eISBN:
9780191712531
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524175.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Human mental ability differences have a hierarchical structure, and may be viewed at levels from general ability (g) to specific abilities. Ability differences show moderate stability across the ... More


Decomposition into Decision and Residual Latencies

R. Duncan Luce

in Response Times: Their Role in Inferring Elementary Mental Organization

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195070019
eISBN:
9780199869879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195070019.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter discusses simple reaction times, focusing on one of the main difficulties in these experiments: what one observes is not only the time spent carrying out the mental processes involved in ... More


Stochastic Accumulation of Information in Discrete Time

R. Duncan Luce

in Response Times: Their Role in Inferring Elementary Mental Organization

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195070019
eISBN:
9780199869879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195070019.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter examines closely-related models for possible processes underlying choice reaction time. Topics discussed include accumulator models; random walks with boundaries; restrictions on the ... More


Some Experimental Tools for Tracking Continuous Mental Trajectories

Michael Spivey

in The Continuity of Mind

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195170788
eISBN:
9780199786831
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195170788.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter emphasizes the importance of identifying the time scale at which a given behavior exhibits detectably graded transitions from state to state. It covers a variety of experimental methods ... More


Detection of Signals Presented at Irregular Times

R. Duncan Luce

in Response Times: Their Role in Inferring Elementary Mental Organization

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195070019
eISBN:
9780199869879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195070019.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter explores the limited literature available on the designs in which there are little or no experimenter-imposed time structure on signal presentations. The chapter first examines the ... More


Stochastic Accumulation of Information in Continuous Time

R. Duncan Luce

in Response Times: Their Role in Inferring Elementary Mental Organization

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195070019
eISBN:
9780199869879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195070019.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter examines closely-related models for possible processes underlying choice reaction time. The models are similar to those discussed in the preceding chapter, except that the accumulation ... More


Absolute Identification of More Than Two Signals

R. Duncan Luce

in Response Times: Their Role in Inferring Elementary Mental Organization

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195070019
eISBN:
9780199869879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195070019.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter discusses major reaction-time results for experimental designs with more than two signals. Topics covered include impact of number of signals; sequential effects; and experiments with ... More


Categorization and memory processing

W. K. Estes

in Classification and Cognition

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195073355
eISBN:
9780199867899
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195073355.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The models for category learning discussed in the preceding chapters have been developed largely in conjunction with a standard experimental design in which a subject classifies category exemplars ... More


Reaction time parameters, intelligence, ageing, and death: the West of Scotland Twenty-07 study

Ian J. Deary and Geoff Der

in Measuring the Mind: Speed, control, and age

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198566427
eISBN:
9780191693588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566427.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter uses the West of Scotland Twenty-07 study, a large, population-based, longitudinal study, to describe the relationships between reaction times, psychometric intelligence, ageing, and ... More


Neuroscience and Causes of Action

Alfred R. Mele

in Effective Intentions: The Power of Conscious Will

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195384260
eISBN:
9780199869909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195384260.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

This chapter defends two theses: first, Benjamin Libet's data do not justify his assertion that “the brain ‘decides’ to initiate [certain actions] before there is any reportable subjective awareness ... More


How Can the Brain Be So Fast?

Wulfram Gerstner

in 23 Problems in Systems Neuroscience

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195148220
eISBN:
9780199864676
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195148220.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter reviews some of the arguments that have suggested that neurons are slow, and discusses a reaction time experiment that shows that the brain as a whole is nevertheless fast. It indicates ... More


 Free Will and Neuroscience

Alfred R. Mele

in Free Will and Luck

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195305043
eISBN:
9780199786015
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305043.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that neuroscientist Benjamin Libet’s data do not justify his assertion that “the brain ‘decides’ to initiate [certain actions] before there is any reportable subjective awareness ... More


Reaction Times to Stimuli in Isoluminant Colour Space

D. J. Mckeefry, N. R. A. Parry, and D I. J. Murray

in Normal and Defective Colour Vision

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198525301
eISBN:
9780191584947
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525301.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Simple reaction times (RTs) are a useful measure of supra-threshold information processing. This chapter examines how the metric used to scale coloured stimuli influences the variation in RT with ... More


Reaction-Time Explorations of Visual Perception, Attention, and Decision in Pigeons

Donald S. Blough

in Comparative Cognition: Experimental Explorations of Animal Intelligence

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195377804
eISBN:
9780199848461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377804.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter presents the results of experiments that studied visual perception, attention, and decision processes that guide pigeons through ... More


On the locus of temporal preparation: enhancement of premotor processes?

Bettina Rolke and Rolf Ulrich

in Attention and Time

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199563456
eISBN:
9780191701863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563456.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines the effect of temporal preparation on premotor processes. It explains that temporal preparation is a ubiquitous and fundamental feature of human behaviour and it is linked to ... More


Attending to emerging representations: the importance of task context and time of response

Amelia R. Hunt, Wieske van Zoest, and Alan Kingstone

in Attention and Time

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199563456
eISBN:
9780191701863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563456.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines human attention as indexed by the time-to-respond-to-stimulus events and evaluates the use of this behavioural metric. It discusses the limitations of using reaction time (RT) ... More


Inconsistency in response time as an indicator of cognitive aging

David F. Hultsch, Michael A. Hunter, Stuart W. S. MacDonald, and Esther Strauss

in Measuring the Mind: Speed, control, and age

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198566427
eISBN:
9780191693588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566427.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter considers the proposition that intraindividual variability in speed of performance is a useful indicator of cognitive ageing. It reviews recent research that examines both group ... More


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