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Environmental Protection: European Law and Governance

Joanne Scott (ed.)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199565177
eISBN:
9780191705359
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565177.001.0001
Subject:
Law, EU Law, Environmental and Energy Law

The EU has emerged as a major source of innovation in environmental governance. This is manifested through the frameworks it is putting in place for environmental governance, and through its position ... More


Patronage

Matthew Flinders and Matthew Denton

in Delegated Governance and the British State: Walking without Order

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199271603
eISBN:
9780191709241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199271603.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics, Political Economy

This chapter focuses on the issue of public appointments and patronage. Contrary to media suggestions and the public's perception, research suggests that the sphere of delegated governance is no ... More


Representations of Voluntary Arm Movements in the Motor Cortex and Their Transformations

Apostolos P. Georgopoulos and Elissaios Karageorgiou

in Understanding Events: From Perception to Action

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195188370
eISBN:
9780199870462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188370.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter discusses the neural mechanisms of voluntary movements in the motor cortex — a major node in the brain network of initiation and control of such movements. Specifically, it discusses the ... More


D.B.: Clinical history and early testing

L. Weiskrantz

in Blindsight: A Case Study and Implications

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198521921
eISBN:
9780191706226
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521921.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

‘D. B.’ is the subject of the book who underwent intensive tests of his blindsight. His visual cortex in one hemisphere was removed surgically to excise an invasive tumour when he was 33 years old. ... More


Reaching for randomly located targets

L. Weiskrantz

in Blindsight: A Case Study and Implications

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198521921
eISBN:
9780191706226
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521921.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

D. B. was instructed to reach for circular visual stimuli projected at various eccentricities onto a perimeter screen, usually along the horizontal meridian. A range of sizes and contrasts were ... More


Prehension

Lynette A. Jones and Susan J. Lederman

in Human Hand Function

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195173154
eISBN:
9780199786749
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173154.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter reviews experimental studies of prehension that have examined how the arm reaches and the hand configured to grasp and manipulate objects. It considers the kinematics of arm, hand, and ... More


Standard situation

L. Weiskrantz

in Blindsight: A Case Study and Implications

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198521921
eISBN:
9780191706226
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521921.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

During the last few years of work with D. B., it became possible to test a number of subjects with visual field defects at the National Hospital in London using a standard set of visual tests. The ... More


Some Experimental Tools for Tracking Continuous Mental Trajectories

Michael Spivey

in The Continuity of Mind

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195170788
eISBN:
9780199786831
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195170788.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter emphasizes the importance of identifying the time scale at which a given behavior exhibits detectably graded transitions from state to state. It covers a variety of experimental methods ... More


Temporal Dynamics in Action

Michael Spivey

in The Continuity of Mind

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195170788
eISBN:
9780199786831
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195170788.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter emphasizes the importance of understanding the motor processes involved in any cognitive task. Findings in the field of embodied cognition show that constraints on motor movement ... More


Probing Neural Correlates of Cue Integration

Christopher A. Buneo, Gregory Apker, and Ying Shi

in Sensory Cue Integration

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195387247
eISBN:
9780199918379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387247.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews neural correlates of cue integration in two distinct neural systems (one perceptual, the other sensorimotor), both in nonhuman primates. The first involves structures involved ... More


The interlinked approach to development of attention and action

Janette Atkinson

in The Developing Visual Brain

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198525998
eISBN:
9780191712395
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525998.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter considers how attention systems select information, in particular for the visual guidance of action. It reviews the control of orienting responses by neural systems, in particular the ... More


Chemicals and Hazardous Substances

David Vogel

in The Politics of Precaution: Regulating Health, Safety, and Environmental Risks in Europe and the United States

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691124162
eISBN:
9781400842568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691124162.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter looks at American and European policies toward the risks of chemicals and hazardous substances. The 1976 Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) significantly strengthened American chemical ... More


Connectionist Approaches to Perseveration: Understanding Universal and Task-Specific Aspects of Children's Behavior

J. Bruce Morton and Yuko Munakata

in Toward a Unified Theory of Development Connectionism and Dynamic System Theory Re-Consider

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195300598
eISBN:
9780199867165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300598.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter focuses on case studies of connectionist models of perseveration for understanding infants' reaching behavior and children's rule-guided behavior. These models demonstrate how general ... More


Organizing Exits from the Joint-Decision Trap?: Cross-Sectoral (Non-) Coordination in the European Union

Miriam Hartlapp

in The EU's Decision Traps: Comparing Policies

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199596225
eISBN:
9780191729140
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199596225.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, European Union, International Relations and Politics

How are decisions coordinated across sectors in the EU political system? Frequently, more cross-sectoral coordination is seen as increasing the number of veto players, thus increasing the likelihood ... More


Zoo of Motor Synergies

Mark L. Latash

in Synergy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195333169
eISBN:
9780199864195
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333169.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Techniques

The fifth part of this book overviews a large number of synergies that have been studied. It starts with a review of kinematic synergies during such actions as quiet standing, sit-to-stand action, ... More


Innovative Intervention Approaches for Alzheimer's Disease Caregivers 1

DAVID W. COON, RICHARD SCHULZ, and MARCIA G. ORY

in Innovations in Practice and Service Delivery Across the Lifespan

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195111552
eISBN:
9780199865734
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195111552.003.0013
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

This chapter discusses the innovative interventions of a new multisite family caregiver intervention research program entitled Resources for Enhancing Alzheimer's Caregiver Health (REACH). It ... More


Functional Architecture of Directional Tuning in the Primate Motor Cortex During 3D Reaching

Hugo Merchant, Thomas Naselaris, Wilbert Zarco, Ramón Bartolo, Luis Prado, Oswaldo Pérez, and Juan Carlos Méndez

in From Development to Degeneration and Regeneration of the Nervous System

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195369007
eISBN:
9780199865253
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369007.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Development

The primary motor cortex (M1) maintains a dynamic representation of higher-order features of movement, most notably the direction of reaching. In fact, almost half of the cells in the arm region of ... More


Prehension

Ian Q. Whishaw

in The Behavior of the Laboratory Rat: A Handbook with Tests

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195162851
eISBN:
9780199863891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162851.003.0015
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter discusses the skilled movements of the laboratory rat. Topics covered include limb structure and movement, food handling, sensory control, reaching movements, arpeggio movement, strain ... More


Biotechnology Dilemma 2: Material Transfer Agreements

Michael A. Carrier

in Innovation for the 21st Century: Harnessing the Power of Intellectual Property and Antitrust Law

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195342581
eISBN:
9780199867035
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342581.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter focuses on material transfer agreements (MTAs). Scientists frequently need and request materials owned by others. The most common request involves biological materials such as genes, ... More


Mass Reach with and without Mass Media

Joshua A. Braun

in This Program Is Brought To You By...: Distributing Television News Online

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780300197501
eISBN:
9780300216240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300197501.003.0013
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This chapter examines Newsvine's new group commenting architecture that was designed to help make governable the behavior and (frequent lack of) norms exhibited by users. It first describes ... More


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