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Transforming the Twentieth Century: Volume 2: Technical Innovations and Their Consequences

Vaclav Smil

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195168754
eISBN:
9780199783601
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195168755.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This book is a systematic interdisciplinary account of two epochal trends: the history of the 20th century’s technical transformation based on the unprecedented surge of innovation that took place in ... More


Simulating Minds: The Philosophy, Psychology, and Neuroscience of Mindreading

Alvin I. Goldman

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195138924
eISBN:
9780199786480
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195138929.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

How people assign mental states to others and how they represent or conceptualize such states in the first place are topics of interest to philosophy of mind, developmental psychology, and cognitive ... More


Rationalizing Persisting Opposition

Robert E. Goodin

in Reflective Democracy

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199256174
eISBN:
9780191599354
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199256179.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This is the last of four chapters on belief democracy, and discusses how to rationalize persistent opposition in the light of Wollheim's paradox (how can you vote one way, and then immediately accept ... More


Conclusion: Contrapuntal Colonialism

D. R. M. Irving

in Colonial Counterpoint: Music in Early Modern Manila

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195378269
eISBN:
9780199864614
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378269.003.0010
Subject:
Music, Ethnomusicology, World Music

This chapter emphasizes the importance of looking beyond the geocultural boundaries of Europe in the writing of music history. It calls for a neostructuralist approach to global music histories, one ... More


The Making of Merry England

Ronald Hutton

in The Rise and Fall of Merry England: The Ritual Year 1400–1700

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198203636
eISBN:
9780191675911
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203636.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This chapter talks about the different case studies carried out to determine the age of the various customs involved. Were the ecclesiastical ceremonies those of the Anglo-Saxons? Were the secular ... More


Museum of the Weird: Modernity, Minzokugaku, and the Discovery of Yōkai

Michael Dylan Foster

in Pandemonium and Parade: Japanese Monsters and the Culture of Yokai

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520253612
eISBN:
9780520942677
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520253612.003.0004
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter explains how writers and scholars in the first half of the twentieth century challenged Enryō's rationalizing objectives and dealt with questions of what place yôkai were to have in a ... More


Pursuing the Citizen-Consumer: Consumption as Politics

Laura J. Miller

in Reluctant Capitalists: Bookselling and the Culture of Consumption

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226525907
eISBN:
9780226525921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226525921.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Organizations

This chapter examines how some people outside the ranks of book professionals have taken action against the spread of large-scale, rationalized bookselling in the U.S. It looks at the activism on the ... More


Magic Lantern Empire: Reflections on Colonialism and Society

John Phillip Short

in Magic Lantern Empire: Colonialism and Society in Germany

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450945
eISBN:
9780801468230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450945.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This concluding chapter remarks on a growing trend in popular culture to sensationalize colonial knowledge, reflecting an exchange of knowledge and enchantment that continued over the years up to ... More


Enforcing and Rationalizing Rule Violations

Jill D. Weinberg

in Consensual Violence: Sex, Sports, and the Politics of Injury

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780520290655
eISBN:
9780520964723
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520290655.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter examines how the rules of consent are enforced and the extent to which rule violations occur. BDSM practitioners are heavily invested in adhering to the rules because they are ... More


A New Matrix of Labor Value

Martha Lampland

in The Value of Labor: The Science of Commodification in Hungary, 1920-1956

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780226314600
eISBN:
9780226314747
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226314747.003.0007
Subject:
Anthropology, European Cultural Anthropology

As the Communist Party tightened its grip on power, economists debated alternative economic configurations for planning, such as relying on scientific methods rather than the market to assess labor ... More


A very brief history of solitary confinement and the supermax penitentiary

David Polizzi

in Solitary Confinement: Lived Experiences and Ethical Implications

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781447337539
eISBN:
9781447337553
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447337539.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

Initially, solitary confinement was introduced as a reform by which to correct the inhumane conditions of existing correctional institutions of the late 1700s and the early 1800s. Though these ... More


Conclusions

Patricia Bromley and John W. Meyer

in Hyper-Organization: Global Organizational Expansion

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780199689859
eISBN:
9780191822377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199689859.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

Chapter 7 sees the contemporary system, filled with organizations in every domain and society, as driven into place by a post-war cultural complex. Expanded interdependence in a stateless world ... More


Incompetent Muddlers and Organization Men

Vincenzo Ruggiero

in Dirty Money: On Financial Delinquency

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2017
ISBN:
9780198783220
eISBN:
9780191826252
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198783220.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

After the war, while corporations acquired the status of benevolent entities and managers gained the reputation of responsible actors, the delinquency of the powerful, including financial crime, ... More


Rationalizing Principles and Causal Explanation

Scott Sehon

in Free Will and Action Explanation: A Non-Causal, Compatibilist Account

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780198758495
eISBN:
9780191818394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198758495.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

When we explain human actions, appeal to rationalizability considerations is ubiquitous: it is essentially undeniable that we attempt to find explanations that show behavior in a reasonable light. ... More


Interpretation Theory and the First Person

Richard Moran

in The Philosophical Imagination: Selected Essays

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780190633776
eISBN:
9780190633806
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190633776.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, Philosophy of Mind

The “rationalizing interpretation” view of psychological discourse, associated with Donald Davidson and Daniel Dennett, has been widely influential as a reconstruction of our practices of ascribing ... More


Love in the Time of Cholera

Benj Hellie

in Does Perception Have Content?

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780199756018
eISBN:
9780199395255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199756018.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The chapter begins with a theory of the structure of sensory consciousness; a target phenomenon of ‘presentation’, involving the ‘immunity to error through misidentification’ of targets of attention ... More


Are Perceptual Reasons the Objects of Perception?

J.J. Cunningham

in In the Light of Experience: New Essays on Perception and Reasons

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198809630
eISBN:
9780191846908
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198809630.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

This paper begins with a Davidsonian puzzle in the epistemology of perception and introduces two solutions to that puzzle: the Truth-Maker View (TMV) and the Content Model. The paper goes on to ... More


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