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Party Policies and Voter Choices

Anthony F. Heath, Roger M. Jowell, and John K. Curtice

in The Rise of New Labour: Party Policies and Voter Choices

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199245116
eISBN:
9780191599453
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245118.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

The authors offer a multiplicative model that provides a comprehensive framework to place the main findings of the volume. The model is based on the standard ‘expected utility maximization’ model of ... More


Media and Opinion Formation: Toward a New Theory of Deliberative Politics

Ronald N. Jacobs

in The Space of Opinion: Media Intellectuals and the Public Sphere

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199797929
eISBN:
9780199944170
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199797929.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

Chapter 3 develops a cultural sociological model of the space of opinion and its role in democratic deliberation. It analyzes three waves of media theory which have shaped thinking about news and ... More


Rational or associative? Imitation in Japanese quail

David Papineau and Cecilia Heyes

in Rational Animals?

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198528272
eISBN:
9780191689529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528272.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines the heuristic and theoretical importance of a distinction between rational and associative behaviour in animals in the ... More


The Establishment of Ethical First Principles

Henry Sidgwick

in Essays on Ethics and Method

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250234
eISBN:
9780191598432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250231.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Sidgwick discusses the dilemma confronting the ethical theorist whose first principles, as first principles, do not require a proof, and yet are rarely accepted without a defence. The solution lies ... More


Animal reasoning and proto-logic

José Luis Bermúdez

in Rational Animals?

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198528272
eISBN:
9780191689529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528272.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines the concept of animal reasoning and proto-logic. It provides an account of rational processes can be correlated or applied ... More


Styles of rationality

Ruth Garrett Millikan

in Rational Animals?

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198528272
eISBN:
9780191689529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528272.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines rational processes that involve the so-called ‘trials and errors in the head’. It explains that evolution conducts trial ... More


Education as Acculturation

Jack Russell Weinstein

in Adam Smith's Pluralism: Rationality, Education, and the Moral Sentiments

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780300162530
eISBN:
9780300163759
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300162530.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter, and the ones that follow, argues that sympathy is a rational process, cultivated by education. The aim is to investigate the nature of social unity in Smith's work to see how Smith ... More


Education and Social Unity

Jack Russell Weinstein

in Adam Smith's Pluralism: Rationality, Education, and the Moral Sentiments

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780300162530
eISBN:
9780300163759
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300162530.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Sympathy is built upon the imagination, which is cultivated by education. This chapter looks at what Smith means by education, giving particular attention to the passive cultural elements that inform ... More


The Difficulties of Applied Ethics

Barry Hoffmaster and Cliff Hooker

in Re-Reasoning Ethics: The Rationality of Deliberation and Judgment in Ethics

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780262037693
eISBN:
9780262345637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262037693.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

A second kind of formal rationality, complementary to the maximizing expected utility in Chapter 1, is logical inference. In much of moral philosophy and in standard bioethics decision making is ... More


Bet You Didn’t Know I Did a Dissonance Study

Dan Batson

in Most Underappreciated: 50 Prominent Social Psychologists Describe Their Most Unloved Work

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199778188
eISBN:
9780190256043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199778188.003.0041
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Dan Batson reflects on his most underappreciated work: a paper entitled “Rational processing or rationalization? The effect of disconfirming information on a stated religious belief.” Published in ... More


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