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Information Foraging Theory: Framework and Method

Peter Pirolli

in Information Foraging Theory: Adaptive Interaction with Information

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195173321
eISBN:
9780199893232
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173321.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Information foraging theory is being developed in order to understand and improve human—information interaction. The framework assumes that humans adapt to the world by seeking and using information. ... More


Rationality and rational analysis

Mike Oaksford and Nick Chater

in Bayesian Rationality: The probabilistic approach to human reasoning

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198524496
eISBN:
9780191584923
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524496.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

One of the central goals of this book is to show how empirical data on human reasoning can be reconciled with the notion that people are rational. This raises two questions: first, the general ... More


Look-Ups as the Windows of the Strategic Soul

VICNENT P. CRAWFORD

in The Foundations of Positive and Normative Economics: A Hand Book

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195328318
eISBN:
9780199851768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328318.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Human behavior theories are not unrelated to assumptions about cognition, as cognitive processes are believed to be involved in human decision-making processes. Through neuroeconomics, we find that ... More


Information Foraging Theory: Adaptive Interaction with Information

Peter L. T. Pirolli

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195173321
eISBN:
9780199893232
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173321.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Modern mankind forages in a world awash in information, of our own creation, which can be transformed into knowledge that shapes and powers our engagement with nature. We produce a staggering volume ... More


Rational analyses, instrumentalism, and implementations

David Danks

in The Probabilistic Mind:: Prospects for Bayesian cognitive science

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199216093
eISBN:
9780191695971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216093.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The author provides an insightful critical reflection on the scope and usefulness of a ‘rational’ perspective on the cognitive system. He focuses on the nature of explanatory models of cognition ... More


Rational Analyses of Information Scent and Web Foraging

Peter Pirolli

in Information Foraging Theory: Adaptive Interaction with Information

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195173321
eISBN:
9780199893232
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173321.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter provides a rational analysis of Web-foraging in which information scent plays a central role. Information scent is a part of an utility assessment involving the detection and use of ... More


A Rational Analysis and Computational Cognitive Model of the Scatter/Gather Document Cluster Browser

Peter Pirolli

in Information Foraging Theory: Adaptive Interaction with Information

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195173321
eISBN:
9780199893232
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173321.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter presents a rational analysis and computational cognitive model of an interactive document clustering and browsing technique called Scatter/Gather. The approach addresses (a) what ... More


Bounding Rational Analysis: Constraints on Asymptotic Performance

Andrew Howes, Richard L. Lewis, and Alonso Vera

in Integrated Models of Cognitive Systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195189193
eISBN:
9780199847457
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189193.003.0028
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

How can we explain human behavior? This chapter articulates an approach that emphasizes explanations in terms of the optimal behavior given not only on constraints imposed by the objective and ... More


Bayesian brains and cognitive mechanisms:: Harmony or dissonance?

Henry Brighton and Gerd Gigerenzer

in The Probabilistic Mind:: Prospects for Bayesian cognitive science

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199216093
eISBN:
9780191695971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216093.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The chapter considers the project of probabilistic rational analysis in relation to a particularly well-studied and simple heuristic, the Take the Best algorithm. The authors relate the tension ... More


The Probabilistic Mind:: Prospects for Bayesian cognitive science

Nick Chater and Mike Oaksford (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199216093
eISBN:
9780191695971
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216093.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The rational analysis method, first proposed by John R. Anderson, has been enormously influential in helping us understand high-level cognitive processes. This book is a follow-up to ‘Rational Models ... More


Kilograms Matter: Rational Analysis, Ecological Rationality, and Closed-Loop Modeling of Interactive Cognition and Behavior

Michael D. Byrne, Alex Kirlik, and Chris S. Fick

in Adaptive Perspectives on Human–Technology Interaction: Methods and Models for Cognitive Engineering and Human-Computer Interaction

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195374827
eISBN:
9780199847693
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374827.003.0023
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter provides an explanation on rational analysis, ecological rationality, and closed-loop modeling of interactive cognition and behavior. It describes the results of a study in which dynamic ... More


The Framework

Timothy J. O’Donnell and Noah D. Goodman

in Productivity and Reuse In Language: A Theory of Linguistic Computation and Storage

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262028844
eISBN:
9780262326803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028844.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter consists of four parts. The first section discusses the ideas behind the modeling framework adopted in the book---structured probabilistic generative models. The second section discusses ... More


The probabilistic mind: where next?

Nick Chater and Mike Oaksford

in The Probabilistic Mind:: Prospects for Bayesian cognitive science

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199216093
eISBN:
9780191695971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216093.003.0022
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter aims to reflect on themes and points of difference raised in the book; consider relationships between this work and broader developments in the cognitive sciences; and to give some ... More


History of Language

Kerwin Lee IZlein

in Frontiers of Historical Imagination: Narrating the European Conquest of Native America, 1890-1990

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520204638
eISBN:
9780520924185
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520204638.003.0005
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter focuses on literary critics' thoughts about the American frontier narrative. Scholars such as Henry Nash and Perry Miller declared the nation's relation with nature as the key to its ... More


Two Models of Nonrational Action

Michael Barkun

in Chasing Phantoms: Reality, Imagination, and Homeland Security Since 9/11

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807834701
eISBN:
9781469603230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807877692_barkun.11
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter argues that the appearance of nonrational considerations in terrorism and homeland security policy is not as surprising as it might at first seem when one considers the prominence of ... More


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