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Legislating for a Realm of Ends: The Social Dimension of Autonomy

Andrews Reath

in Agency and Autonomy in Kant's Moral Theory: Selected Essays

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199288830
eISBN:
9780191603648
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199288836.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter uses the connection between Kant's conception of autonomy and his concept of a realm of ends to explore a number of issues about the nature of autonomy. It begins by developing some ... More


Evaluations of Rationality

Sigrún Svavarsdóttir

in Metaethics after Moore

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199269914
eISBN:
9780191710032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269914.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This chapter works from the guiding idea that rationality is the excellence of a rational agent qua rational, and goes on to defend a neo-Humean conception of evaluations of theoretical and practical ... More


Rational Agency and Imperatives

Henry E. Allison

in Kant's Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals: A Commentary

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199691531
eISBN:
9780191731808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691531.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The chapter focuses on Kant’s account of rational agency and his move from this to the formulation of the categorical imperative. Rational agents are those with a capacity to act according to their ... More


One World Versus Many: The Inadequacy of Everettian Accounts of Evolution, Probability, and Scientific Confirmation

Adrian Kent

in Many Worlds?: Everett, Quantum Theory, and Reality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199560561
eISBN:
9780191721380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560561.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

There is a compelling intellectual case for exploring whether purely unitary quantum theory defines a sensible and scientifically adequate theory, as Everett originally proposed. Many different and ... More


Maxims and Moral Worth Redux

Henry E. Allison

in Kant's Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals: A Commentary

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199691531
eISBN:
9780191731808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691531.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter is concerned with two topics. The first is Kant conception of maxims, which are the subjective principles on which finite rational agents act. It claims that maxims are freely adopted by ... More


Personal Values and Setting Oneself Ends

Thomas E. Hill

in Human Welfare and Moral Worth: Kantian Perspectives

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252633
eISBN:
9780191597695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252637.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The focus here is on what individuals value and pursue when considered apart from moral considerations. Personal values are contrasted with various kinds of moral values, but the central question is ... More


A Rational Agent

Rüdiger Bittner

in Doing Things for Reasons

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195143645
eISBN:
9780199833085
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195143647.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The chapter develops the main consequences the present conception of reasons for which people do things has for our status as rational agents. One is that rational agents only need an awareness of ... More


The Multidimensional Self and the Capacity for Creative Interaction

Jennifer Nedelsky

in Law's Relations: A Relational Theory of Self, Autonomy, and Law

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195147964
eISBN:
9780199918133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195147964.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

The Multi-dimensional Self and the Capacity for Creative Interaction In addition to being relational, the “multi-dimensional self” is particular, embodied and capable of emotion in ways centrally ... More


: Kant's Practical Justification of Freedom

Henry E. Allison

in Essays on Kant

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199647033
eISBN:
9780191741166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199647033.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

After providing a brief account of what Kant understands by a practical justification and the various types of it found in his writings, the essay examines the ways in which Kant attempts to provide ... More


Group Agency and Supervenience *

Christian List and Philip Pettit

in Being Reduced: New Essays on Reduction, Explanation, and Causation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199211531
eISBN:
9780191705977
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211531.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

Can groups be rational agents over and above their individual members? Group agents are distinguished by their capacity to mimic the way individual agents act, and this capacity must ‘supervene’ on ... More


The Nature of and Need for a Metaphysic of Morals: An Analysis of the Preface of GMS

Henry E. Allison

in Kant's Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals: A Commentary

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199691531
eISBN:
9780191731808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691531.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter analyzes the Preface of the Groundwork. Its main focus is on Kant’s argument for the necessity of a metaphysics of morals, that is, an a priori moral philosophy. Kant claims that such a ... More


The Inherently Normative Nature of Action Explanations

G. F. Schueler

in Reasons and Purposes: Human Rationality and the Teleological Explanation of Action

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199250370
eISBN:
9780191598364
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250375.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General

There is a crucial difference between explaining actions on the basis of the agent's actual or possible practical deliberation (the deliberative model) and explaining them on the basis of some ... More


A Notion of a Person in Epictetus

Michael Frede

in The Philosophy of Epictetus

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199233076
eISBN:
9780191716416
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233076.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter explores the way in which Epictetus' philosophy contributed to the development of the concept of a person, a process by which the term ‘person’ (prosōpon/persona) progressed from meaning ... More


Social Cognition

Annette Miae Kim

in Learning to be Capitalists: Entrepreneurs in Vietnam's Transition Economy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195369397
eISBN:
9780199871032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369397.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Insights from cognitive science can help elucidate the processes of major economic and institutional change. Rather than relying on a single, rational agent model to explain new behaviors and ... More


Treating Humanity as an End

Steven Sverdlik

in Motive and Rightness

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199594948
eISBN:
9780191725401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594948.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Another version of Kant's Categorical Imperative is the Formula of Humanity. This is investigated with regard to its treatment of the deontic relevance of motives. The portion of the formula ... More


Rational Expectations Are Endogenous to and Abide by “the” Model

Eric Barthalon

in Uncertainty, Expectations, and Financial Instability: Reviving Allais's Lost Theory of Psychological Time

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231166287
eISBN:
9780231538305
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231166287.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter examines the main assumptions of the rational expectations hypothesis (REH). REH is a pillar of the neo-Walrasian approach to general equilibrium, a mathematically demanding theory ... More


Positive Feedbacks

Didier Sornette

in Why Stock Markets Crash: Critical Events in Complex Financial Systems

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691175959
eISBN:
9781400885091
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691175959.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Finance, Accounting, and Banking

This chapter examines the main mechanisms leading to positive feedbacks, that is, self-reinforcement, such as imitative behavior and herding between investors. It shows that positive feedbacks ... More


The Inner Rational Agent

Robert Sugden

in The Community of Advantage: A Behavioural Economist's Defence of the Market

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198825142
eISBN:
9780191863813
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198825142.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

Chapter 4 reviews ‘behavioural welfare economics’—the approach to normative analysis that is favoured by most behavioural economists. This approach assumes that people have context-independent ‘true’ ... More


Building a New Party System: The 1990 Party Merger

HeeMin Kim

in Korean Democracy in Transition: A Rational Blueprint for Developing Societies

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813129945
eISBN:
9780813135748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813129945.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter discusses several assumptions in relation to the merging of three parties in Korea on January 1990. The chapter explains this party merger using the coalition theory. The chapter assumes ... More


Kant’s Practical Justification of Freedom

Henry E. Allison

in Kant on Practical Justification: Interpretive Essays

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780195395686
eISBN:
9780199979295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395686.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

The essay is divided into three parts. The first provides a brief account of what Kant understands by a practical justification and the various types of such justification found in his writings. The ... More


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