Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 24 items

  • Keywords: rational actor x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

Reframing Social Citizenship

Peter Taylor-Gooby

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199546701
eISBN:
9780191720420
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546701.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

Recent reforms in welfare states generate new challenges to social citizenship. Social citizenship depends on the readiness of voters to support reciprocity and social inclusion and their trust in ... More


The Assumptive World of Welfare State Reform

Peter Taylor‐Gooby

in Reframing Social Citizenship

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199546701
eISBN:
9780191720420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546701.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

This chapter develops the arguments about individual rational action and social and public policy discussed in Chapters 2 and 3 and relates them to social science theories of agency. It argues that a ... More


The Unification of the Behavioral Sciences

Herbert Gintis

in The Bounds of Reason: Game Theory and the Unification of the Behavioral Sciences

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691160849
eISBN:
9781400851348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691160849.003.0011
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

The behavioral sciences include economics, anthropology, sociology, psychology, and political science, as well as biology insofar as it deals with animal and human behavior. These disciplines have ... More


Welfare Under Altered Circumstances

Peter Taylor‐Gooby

in Reframing Social Citizenship

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199546701
eISBN:
9780191720420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546701.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

Welfare states have enjoyed considerable success in containing the pressures of economic, political, and social change identified in Chapter 1. However, an important theme in their responses, the ... More


Using the “Rational Actor” Approach

Richard Hoefer

in Policy Creation and Evaluation: Understanding Welfare Reform in the United States

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199735198
eISBN:
9780199918560
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735198.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter is analyzes policy formation from the “rational actor” perspective. Perhaps more than any other policy approach, it is both commonly used and commonly attacked. Variations of the ... More


The Response of Government

Peter Taylor‐Gooby

in Reframing Social Citizenship

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199546701
eISBN:
9780191720420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546701.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

This chapter analyses responses to the pressures on social and public provision among European countries and at the level of the EU. It argues that attempts to develop common EU-wide social provision ... More


Why Are There So Many (or So Few) Electoral Reforms?

Richard S. Katz

in The Politics of Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199257560
eISBN:
9780191603280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257566.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Electoral reforms are surprisingly rare in established political systems. This chapter analyses the reasons why political actors might attempt to change an electoral system to one that more closely ... More


LEGAL THEORY AND THE RATIONAL ACTOR

Claire. Finkelstein

in The Oxford Handbook of Rationality

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195145397
eISBN:
9780199752393
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195145399.003.0021
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

On a view that emerges from the “law and economics movement,” the purpose of law is to ensure that when individual citizens seek to maximize their individual utility, they will incidentally maximize ... More


Game Theory

ROBERT V. DODGE

in Schelling's Game Theory: How to Make Decisions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199857203
eISBN:
9780199932597
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199857203.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter formally introduces game theory. It provides a simple definition as the study of interactive decision-making by rational decision makers. Game theory is a formal study of vicarious ... More


Globalization: New Constraints on Policymaking

Peter Taylor‐Gooby

in Reframing Social Citizenship

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199546701
eISBN:
9780191720420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546701.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

This chapter argues that responses to the pressures on welfare are shaped by the context of globalization and fiercer international competition. This inclines governments to develop policies that ... More


Centre–Periphery Party Competition

Sonia Alonso

in Challenging the State: Devolution and the Battle for Partisan Credibility: A Comparison of Belgium, Italy, Spain, and the United Kingdom

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199691579
eISBN:
9780191741234
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691579.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, European Union

Chapter 2 presents a series of hypotheses about how centre–periphery party competition occurs based on a combination of the spatial and saliency models of party behaviour. One of the two main theses ... More


Reefer Madness, Frank the Tank, or Pretty Woman: To What Extent Do Addictive Behaviors Respond to Incentives?

John Cawley

in Incentives and Choice in Health Care

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262195775
eISBN:
9780262283816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262195775.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter examines different kinds of health behavior that are important inputs in the production of health, with an emphasis on the effects of incentives on habitual or addictive behaviors such ... More


Order: Violence as Rational

Kieran Mitton

in Rebels in a Rotten State: Understanding Atrocity in the Sierra Leone Civil War

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780190241582
eISBN:
9780190492199
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190241582.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

Chapter 3 looks to another major strand of analysis of civil wars, which in the case of Sierra Leone was the root of a comprehensive challenge to New Barbarism; namely, the rational-actor view of ... More


Adaptive Biases: Making the Right Mistakes in International Politics

Dominic D. P. Johnson

in Strategic Instincts: The Adaptive Advantages of Cognitive Biases in International Politics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780691137452
eISBN:
9780691185606
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137452.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter explores the notion of adaptive biases and strategic instincts in more detail and compares social science and life science approaches to understanding human behavior. It explains why ... More


Bridging uncertainty by constructing trust: the rationality of irrational approaches

Patrick Brown and Michael Calnan

in Trusting on the edge: Managing uncertainty and vulnerability in the midst of serious mental health problems

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9781847428899
eISBN:
9781447307556
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847428899.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

Chapter Three tackles some of the tensions alluded to earlier in the book between conceptions of trust as a more or less ‘rational’ form of behaviour. A range of arguments that consider trust as more ... More


Behavioral Economics and Contract Law

Melvin A. Eisenberg

in Foundational Principles of Contract Law

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780199731404
eISBN:
9780199364718
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199731404.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

Chapter 11 concerns behavioral economics. Classical contract law was implicitly based on a rational-actor or expected-utility model of psychology. Under this model, actors who make decisions in the ... More


Conclusion

Kieran Mitton

in Rebels in a Rotten State: Understanding Atrocity in the Sierra Leone Civil War

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780190241582
eISBN:
9780190492199
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190241582.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

The book concludes with a summary of how its findings may help to elucidate various forms and patterns of irrational violence throughout Sierra Leone’s war, and how this can shed light on the ... More


“Take two and vote in the morning”: reflections on the political placebo effect

Michael Orsini and Paul Saurette

in Placebo Talks: Modern perspectives on placebos in society

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780199680702
eISBN:
9780191760679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199680702.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Clinical Psychology

The use of medical metaphors in politics is a well-honed rhetorical strategy. Sometimes these metaphors help clarify the political world; other times, they hide more truth than they reveal. This ... More


Divergent Perspectives in Global Health Governance

Jennifer Prah Ruger

in Global Health Justice and Governance

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780199694631
eISBN:
9780191862144
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199694631.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare, International

The global health governance (GHG) literature frames health variously as a matter of security and foreign policy, human rights, or global public good. Divergence among these perspectives has ... More


The Age of the New

Jed Rubenfeld

in Freedom and Time: A Theory of Constitutional Self-Government

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300080483
eISBN:
9780300129427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300080483.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Freedom, more specifically democratic freedom, under a written constitution, is related to the so-called Year 2000 problem. In order to see this connection, it is necessary to look at a Rousseauian ... More


View: