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On Morphomic Defectiveness: Evidence from the Romance Languages of the Iberian Peninsula1

Martin Maiden and Paul O’neill

in Defective Paradigms: Missing Forms and What They Tell Us

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264607
eISBN:
9780191734366
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264607.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter discusses the overall paradigmatic distribution of gaps in the Romance languages of the Iberian Peninsula. It revisits the Spanish data from a historical and comparative perspective, ... More


Why Rare Things Are Precious: How Rarity Benefits Inference

Craig R. M. McKenzie and Valerie M. Chase

in Ecological Rationality: Intelligence in the World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195315448
eISBN:
9780199932429
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315448.003.0089
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Human-Technology Interaction

This chapter reviews evidence showing that people are remarkably sensitive to the rarity of events when making inferences about them. Indeed, people are so attuned to event rarity that their implicit ... More


Themes, Perspectives, Questions

Keith Hawkins

in Law as Last Resort: Prosecution Decision-Making in a Regulatory Agency

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199243891
eISBN:
9780191714184
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199243891.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

What are the conditions under which the formalities of law in the courtroom come into play? A decision to prosecute is the combination of a series of decisions made about the desirability of dealing ... More


Patterns of Small Mammal Species Richness in Mediterranean and Temperate Chile: Patrones En La Riqueza De Especies De PequeñOs MamíFeros En Las Regiones MediterráNea Y Templada De Chile

Hernán L. Cofré, Horacio Samaniego, and Pablo A. Marquet

in The Quintessential Naturalist: Honoring the Life and Legacy of Oliver P. Pearson

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520098596
eISBN:
9780520916159
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520098596.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter analyzes richness and rarity patterns of small mammals (rodents and marsupials) in Mediterranean and Temperate Chile. It tests for the effect of environmental factors that may explain ... More


The Promise and Threat of Reproducibility

Erika Balsom

in After Uniqueness: A History of Film and Video Art in Circulation

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780231176934
eISBN:
9780231543125
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231176934.003.0002
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

Film theory has largely overlooked the fact that film and video are founded in an economy of the multiple. In this chapter, I outline a theory of the moving image as a reproducible medium that ... More


The Limited Edition

Erika Balsom

in After Uniqueness: A History of Film and Video Art in Circulation

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780231176934
eISBN:
9780231543125
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231176934.003.0006
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter examines the history of the predominant model for the distribution of artists’ moving image today. This chapter traces out the history of this distribution model from the late nineteenth ... More


Terrestrial biodiversity

Erik Nelson, D. Richard Cameron, James Regetz, Stephen Polasky, and Gretchen Daily

in Natural Capital: Theory and Practice of Mapping Ecosystem Services

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199588992
eISBN:
9780191774638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588992.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Ecology

This chapter models biodiversity alongside ecosystem services to identify potential win–win protected areas that capture both biodiversity and other ecosystem services, and also models biodiversity ... More


Biotic Uniqueness: An Overview

Susan P. Harrison

in Plant and Animal Endemism in California

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780520275546
eISBN:
9780520954731
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520275546.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter reviews the concept of endemism; its relationship to similar concepts, such as diversity and rarity; and the dependence of levels of endemism on spatial and taxonomic scale. It then ... More


Some Strangeness in the Proportion

Eric Dietrich

in Excellent Beauty: The Naturalness of Religion and the Unnaturalness of the World

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231171021
eISBN:
9780231539357
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231171021.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter discusses three mysterious things: consciousness, infinity, and the rarity of the commonplace. In so doing, the reader might find themselves provoked by the strange nature of these ... More


Conservation and protection of shallow subterranean habitats

David C. Culver and Tanja Pipan

in Shallow Subterranean Habitats: Ecology, Evolution, and Conservation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780199646173
eISBN:
9780191780233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646173.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Because of their proximity to the surface, SSHs are especially vulnerable to toxic spills. All are locations of rare species found nowhere else. Most SSHs share the unifying feature of connectivity ... More


Conservation and Protection of Subterranean Habitats

David C. Culver and Tanja Pipan

in The Biology of Caves and Other Subterranean Habitats

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780198820765
eISBN:
9780191860485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198820765.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

A critical factor of the subterranean fauna and one that increases the risk of extinction is geographical rarity. Some stygobionts and troglobionts are also numerically rare. Subterranean organisms ... More


Explanations

Alice C. Harris

in Multiple Exponence

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
February 2017
ISBN:
9780190464356
eISBN:
9780190464370
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190464356.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

Some of the big questions about ME are addressed in this chapter: Why are there few examples of identical adjacent exponents? Can we make the generalization that in reinforcement the more productive, ... More


Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning in Grasslands

Brian J. Wilsey

in The Biology of Grasslands

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198744511
eISBN:
9780191805738
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198744511.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry, Ecology

Biodiversity is a measure of variety of life forms, and can be assessed at the genetic, species, and landscape levels. Species diversity can be partitioned into its basic components of richness ... More


Basic Features of Emergence

Paul Humphreys

in Emergence: A Philosophical Account

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780190620325
eISBN:
9780190620356
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190620325.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, General

A common metaphysical approach, generative atomism, is discussed together with generalizations such as Humean supervenience, and its merits and deficiencies are evaluated. Atomism requires that the ... More


Impartiality

Derek Parfit

in On What Matters: Volume One

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199572809
eISBN:
9780191809866
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199572809.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter presents a philosophical discussion of impartiality, first by considering the Golden Rule, which says we ought to treat others as we would want others to treat us. The Golden Rule is ... More


Bringing It All Together

Vsevolod Kapatsinski

in Changing Minds Changing Tools: From Learning Theory to Language Acquisition to Language Change

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780262037860
eISBN:
9780262346313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262037860.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews the hypotheses about learning, processing, and mental representation advanced in the rest of this book, and brings them together to explain some recurrent patterns in language ... More


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