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Structural Chemistry of Rare-Earth Elements

Wai-Kee Li, Gong-Du Zhou, and Thomas Chung Wai Mak

in Advanced Structural Inorganic Chemistry

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199216949
eISBN:
9780191711992
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216949.003.0018
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

This chapter begins with a description of the characteristic properties of the lanthanide elements, including their metallic and ionic radii (lanthanide contraction), crystal structures, oxidation ... More


How China Came to Dominate the Rare Earth Industry

Sophia Kalantzakos

in China and the Geopolitics of Rare Earths

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780190670931
eISBN:
9780190670962
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190670931.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Economy

Once a leader in the production and trading of rare earths, the United States relinquished the reins to China in the 1990s. The People’s Republic of China declared rare earths “protected and ... More


What Are Rare Earths?

Sophia Kalantzakos

in China and the Geopolitics of Rare Earths

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780190670931
eISBN:
9780190670962
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190670931.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Economy

Rare earths are seventeen elements essential for hundreds of applications in renewables, high-tech, and defense. They include the family of lanthanide elements, as well as yttrium and scandium, and ... More


TRANSITION-METAL IONS

A.M. Stoneham

in Theory of Defects in Solids: Electronic Structure of Defects in Insulators and Semiconductors

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507802
eISBN:
9780191709920
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507802.003.0022
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The colours of many minerals are determined by transition metal impurities, and such impurities demonstrate a wide range of magnetic and optical behaviour. This chapter discusses the systematics of ... More


Advanced Structural Inorganic Chemistry

Wai-Kee Li, Gong-Du Zhou, and Thomas Mak

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199216949
eISBN:
9780191711992
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216949.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

This text is an updated English version of a class-tested textbook originally published in Chinese in 2006. Its contents are based on the lecture notes of several courses taught by the authors at The ... More


Spin-dependent Compton scattering

N. Sakai

in X-Ray Compton Scattering

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198501688
eISBN:
9780191718045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198501688.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter chronicles the development of the study of ferro- and ferri-magnetic materials through Compton scattering, comparing the information with that obtainable through neutron scattering ... More


Introduction: Rare Earths: A Crisis in the Making

Sophia Kalantzakos

in China and the Geopolitics of Rare Earths

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780190670931
eISBN:
9780190670962
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190670931.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Economy

In 2010, rare earths were thrust into geopolitical prominence overnight as a result of a territorial incident between Japan and China. China’s “unacknowledged” and short-lived rare earths embargo ... More


Rare Earths: The Cold War in the Annals of Travancore

Itty Abraham

in Entangled Geographies: Empire and Technopolitics in the Global Cold War

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262515788
eISBN:
9780262295710
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262515788.003.0005
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

This chapter traces the changes in the political economy with respect to “rare earths,” which are mineral-laden compounds that are hard to find. The discovery of one such “rare earth”—monazite, a ... More


China and the Geopolitics of Rare Earths

Sophia Kalantzakos

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780190670931
eISBN:
9780190670962
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190670931.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Economy

In 2010, because of a geopolitical incident between China and Japan, seventeen elements of the periodic table known as rare earths became notorious overnight. An “unofficial” and temporary embargo of ... More


Channels of radiative recombination in semiconductors

Ivan Pelant and Jan Valenta

in Luminescence Spectroscopy of Semiconductors

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199588336
eISBN:
9780191738548
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588336.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

Channels of radiative recombination in bulk crystalline semiconductors: a short overview is at first given, then the following processes and their microscopic origin are analyzed: recombination of ... More


Trace Element Geochemistry of Bonebeds

Clive Trueman

in Bonebeds: Genesis, Analysis, and Paleobiological Significance

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226723709
eISBN:
9780226723730
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226723730.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Fossil bones and teeth are the last physical remains of once-living vertebrates, and the chemistry of these fossils at least in part reflects the biochemistry of the individual. If the mineral phase ... More


Connecting China through “Creative Diplomacy”: Greenland, Australia, and Climate Cooperation in Polar Regions

Damien Degeorges and Saleem H. Ali

in Diplomacy on Ice: Energy and the Environment in the Arctic and Antarctic

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780300205169
eISBN:
9780300210385
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300205169.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Climate change is opening the navigational potential of the Arctic, attracting the interest of major commercial powers such as China, despite the lack of any particular historical linkages they may ... More


MICROSCOPIC TREATMENT OF COLLECTIVE VIBRATIONS

R. F. Casten

in Nuclear Structure from a Simple Perspective

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198507246
eISBN:
9780191709333
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507246.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

A microscopic approach to deriving the structure, energies and systematics of collective states from the shell model appears in two forms, the Tamm-Dancoff approximation and the random phase ... More


Guided-wave devices and fiber lasers

Warren Nagourney

in Quantum Electronics for Atomic Physics and Telecommunication: Second Edition

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199665488
eISBN:
9780191779442
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199665488.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

In this chapter, a theoretical and practical survey of the state of the fiber laser art is presented. It begins with an analysis of optical fibers, and introduces this subject by studying a simple ... More


The WTO Jurisprudence of Article XX(g) and the Conservation of Natural Resources

Joel P Trachtman

in International Economic Law and Governance: Essays in Honour of Mitsuo Matsushita

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780198778257
eISBN:
9780191823763
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198778257.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

In the recent WTO case involving Chinese restrictions on exports of rare earths, the question was whether the restrictions could be excepted under GATT Article XX(g). In order to qualify for an ... More


Sourcing Mineral Resources—Problems and Solutions

Anthony Hartwell

in Is the Planet Full?

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199677771
eISBN:
9780191757235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199677771.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter delivers a mixed forecast for the impact of population growth on mineral resources. On one hand, technological advancement has allowed humans to extract resources from places that ... More


Bulk HTS cuprates

A.V. Narlikar

in Superconductors

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199584116
eISBN:
9780191747496
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199584116.003.0018
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter reviews the development of bulk HTS cuprates for high-magnetic-field applications. Trapped magnetic fields realised to date have exceeded the requirements for many applications. These ... More


Erin Espelie

Scott MacDonald

in The Sublimity of Document: Cinema as Diorama

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190052126
eISBN:
9780190052164
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190052126.003.0012
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

Artist/scientist Erin Espelie was trained at Cornell University as a biologist, but turned down opportunities to study biology at the graduate level at Harvard and MIT in order to explore the New ... More


Where Is Everybody?

Nicholas Mee

in The Cosmic Mystery Tour

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780198831860
eISBN:
9780191869785
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198831860.003.0026
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, History of Physics

With so many stars in the galaxy, it might be assumed there must be advanced alien civilizations out there somewhere, but Enrico Fermi pointed out that if this were the case we should have been ... More


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