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How Humans Influence Evolution on Adaptive Landscapes

Andrew P. Hendry, Virginie Millien, Andrew Gonzalez, and Hans C. E. Larsson

in The Adaptive Landscape in Evolutionary Biology

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199595372
eISBN:
9780191774799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199595372.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter outlines three basic ways in which humans can alter evolution on adaptive landscapes: through changes in topography, changes in dimensionality, and phenotypic excursions. Changes in ... More


Rapidly Evolving Genes and Genetic Systems

Rama S. Singh, Jianping Xu, and Rob J. Kulathinal (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199642274
eISBN:
9780191774751
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199642274.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Ever since the pioneering work of Darwin and Wallace, evolutionary biologists have attempted to understand the evolutionary dynamics of genetic systems. A range of theories on evolutionary rates — ... More


Evolutionary community ecology

Gary G. Mittelbach and Brian J. McGill

in Community Ecology

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780198835851
eISBN:
9780191873379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198835851.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Ecology and evolution go hand in hand. However, since evolution occurs over relatively long time scales, ecologists had long thought it unlikely that evolutionary events could affect population ... More


Rapid evolution of centromeres and centromeric/kinetochore proteins

Kevin C. Roach, Benjamin D. Ross, and Harmit S. Malik

in Rapidly Evolving Genes and Genetic Systems

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199642274
eISBN:
9780191774751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199642274.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Centromeres and the kinetochore proteins that bind them are required for chromosome segregation during eukaryotic cell division. Despite this conserved function, both centromeric DNA and kinetochore ... More


The rapid evolution of gene expression

Carlo G. Artieri

in Rapidly Evolving Genes and Genetic Systems

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199642274
eISBN:
9780191774751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199642274.003.0023
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Interspecific comparisons of gene expression patterns have shown that much variability exists in the rates of divergence among loci. Furthermore, divergence rates within loci vary depending on the ... More


Rapid evolution of innate immune response genes

Brian P. Lazzaro and Andrew G. Clark

in Rapidly Evolving Genes and Genetic Systems

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199642274
eISBN:
9780191774751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199642274.003.0020
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The opportunity for arms-race evolution between host and pathogens is one reason why genes involved in immune functions are often rapidly evolving. Innate immune systems lack the degree of pathogen ... More


Shifts in Hormonal, Morphological, and Behavioral Traits in a Novel Environment: Comparing Recently Diverged Junco Populations

Jonathan W. Atwell, Danielle J. Whittaker, Trevor D. Price, and Ellen D. Ketterson

in Snowbird: Integrative Biology and Evolutionary Diversity in the Junco

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780226330778
eISBN:
9780226330808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226330808.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

In a rapidly changing world, understanding how organisms and populations respond to new or changing environments is of importance for addressing challenges related to conservation of biodiversity, ... More


From dispersal to boosted range expansion

Cang Hui and David M. Richardson

in Invasion Dynamics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780198745334
eISBN:
9780191807046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198745334.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

The spreading dynamics of invasive species in their novel range is often faster and has greater variability than would be predicted from diffusion-based models, which leads to an underestimation of ... More


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