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Ransoming Captives: The Religious, Cultural, and Socioeconomic Background

Adam Teller

in Rescue the Surviving Souls: The Great Jewish Refugee Crisis of the Seventeenth Century

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780691161747
eISBN:
9780691199863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161747.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter describes the process of ransoming Jewish captives. Jewish captives had to be ransomed with money raised by the Jewish communities themselves and paid by them to the captors. Over the ... More


The Growth of State Control. Practices of War, 1300–1800: Ransom and Booty

Philippe Contamine

in War and Competition between States

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198202141
eISBN:
9780191675188
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202141.003.0007
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter examines the growth of state control and the war practices of ransom and booty in Europe during the period from 1300 to 1800, focusing on the case of France. It describes the evolution ... More


Introduction

Adam Teller

in Rescue the Surviving Souls: The Great Jewish Refugee Crisis of the Seventeenth Century

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780691161747
eISBN:
9780691199863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161747.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter provides an overview of the Polish–Lithuanian Jews who were taken captive to be ransomed or sold into slavery. Once captured, these Jewish women and men found themselves trapped in two ... More


Vermont Counterpoint (1982)

Steve Reich

in Writings on Music 1965–2000: 1965-2000

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195151152
eISBN:
9780199850044
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195151152.003.0028
Subject:
Music, History, American

This chapter presents Reich's thoughts about Vermont Counterpoint, which was commissioned by Ransom Wilson and is dedicated to Betty Freeman. It is scored for three alto flutes, three flutes, three ... More


Hostages in the Middle Ages

Adam J. Kosto

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199651702
eISBN:
9780191741999
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199651702.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

In medieval Europe, hostages were given, not taken. They were a means of guarantee used to secure transactions ranging from treaties to wartime commitments to financial transactions. In principle, ... More


Two Catalogues of Objects

Benjamin Sammons

in The Art and Rhetoric of the Homeric Catalogue

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195375688
eISBN:
9780199871599
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195375688.003.0003
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter examines two passages featuring catalogues of objects or treasure. In the first (Iliad 24.228–37), the poet catalogues the ransom assembled by king Priam to recover the body of Hector. ... More


Hostages in the Later Middle Ages: Representation, Finance, and the Laws of War

Adam J. Kosto

in Hostages in the Middle Ages

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199651702
eISBN:
9780191741999
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199651702.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter begins the investigation into the diversification of hostageship after the year 1000. The most striking change is the reappearance of female hostages. Only a handful of examples survive ... More


The King's Ransom

Adam J. Kosto

in Hostages in the Middle Ages

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199651702
eISBN:
9780191741999
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199651702.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter builds on the superb documentation for some of the most well-known cases of hostageship in the Middle Ages, namely hostages granted for the ransom and release of captive kings: Baldwin ... More


From Crimea to Istanbul

Adam Teller

in Rescue the Surviving Souls: The Great Jewish Refugee Crisis of the Seventeenth Century

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780691161747
eISBN:
9780691199863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161747.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter addresses how some of the Jewish captives were bought by professional slave merchants for resale elsewhere—most commonly Istanbul or Iran. With Jews so deeply engaged in the slave trade, ... More


The Role of Italian Jewry

Adam Teller

in Rescue the Surviving Souls: The Great Jewish Refugee Crisis of the Seventeenth Century

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780691161747
eISBN:
9780691199863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161747.003.0014
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter studies the role of Italian Jewry in ransoming Polish Jewish captives. In truth, the most important use for the pidyon shevuyim money as far as Italian Jewry was concerned had nothing to ... More


The Fate of the Ransomed

Adam Teller

in Rescue the Surviving Souls: The Great Jewish Refugee Crisis of the Seventeenth Century

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780691161747
eISBN:
9780691199863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161747.003.0016
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter discusses what happened to the Polish Jewish captives once they had been ransomed and released. Most sought to return home at the first opportunity. Without a patron, however, this was ... More


Scrutiny's Empire

Christopher Hilliard

in English as a Vocation: The 'Scrutiny' Movement

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199695171
eISBN:
9780199949946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695171.003.0009
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

This chapter moves beyond Britain to examine the Scrutiny movement's fortunes overseas. In the late 1940s and 1950s, the Kenyon School of English and Eric Bentley's anthology for American readers ... More


The Decline of British Diplomacy, 1765–1768

H. M. Scott

in British Foreign Policy in the Age of the American Revolution

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198201953
eISBN:
9780191675096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201953.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

The management of foreign affairs across the Grenville Ministry proved to be better than that carried out by its political successors, as foreign affairs weakened and was further shaken by the ... More


Surrender in the Thirty Years War

Lothar Höbelt

in How Fighting Ends: A History of Surrender

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199693627
eISBN:
9780191741258
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693627.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The Thirty Years War was the last hurrah of the condottieri. Soldiers were mercenaries, officers entrepreneurs. Prisoners of War faced an uncertain fate. Even at its best, captivity spelt business ... More


Introduction: Surrender in Medieval Times

Hans-Henning Kortüm

in How Fighting Ends: A History of Surrender

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199693627
eISBN:
9780191741258
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693627.003.0030
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

In considering surrender in medieval times, one must first differentiate between pitched battles and siege warfare. Whereas the latter normally was a collective process, surrender on the battlefield ... More


Surrender in Medieval Europe—An Indirect Approach*

John Gillingham

in How Fighting Ends: A History of Surrender

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199693627
eISBN:
9780191741258
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693627.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter distinguishes two phases in the culture of war in Europe. In the first, the capture and enslavement of women and children were respectable war aims; in consequence the systematic killing ... More


“William Faulkner: An Impression”

John Crowe Ransom

in The Dixie Limited: Writers on William Faulkner and His Influence

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781496803382
eISBN:
9781496806789
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781496803382.003.0021
Subject:
Literature, American, 20th Century Literature

In this chapter, John Crowe Ransom offers an impression of William Faulkner's achievement, an impression that he says has not changed much during the years that followed his reading of The Sound and ... More


Epilogue: In Memoriam

Mike Chasar

in Everyday Reading: Poetry and Popular Culture in Modern America

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231158657
eISBN:
9780231530774
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231158657.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, Poetry

This chapter briefly presents the life of the author's grandmother Danny Salvatore and her letters, which included poetic writings, to husband Jimmy Salvatore. Jimmy was drafted for naval combat in ... More


Chinese Rites for the Repose of the Soul, with Special Reference to Cantonese Custom: (1952)*

Marjorie Topley

Jean DeBernardi (ed.)

in Cantonese Society in Hong Kong and Singapore: Gender, Religion, Medicine and Money

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789888028146
eISBN:
9789882206663
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888028146.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Asian Studies

To the Chinese, the adaptation of the soul to its new and complex environment in hell is a matter of the primest importance. This hell is, in its administrative aspects, rather like another China ... More


The Populist Roots of Mass Production

Stefan J. Link

in Forging Global Fordism: Nazi Germany, Soviet Russia, and the Contest over the Industrial Order

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780691177540
eISBN:
9780691207988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691177540.003.0002
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This chapter traces mass production to its beginnings in the United States, where it emerged from the distinctive ideology of Midwestern populism. Why did Detroit, of all places, pioneer the industry ... More


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