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Genetic diversity in changing environments

Jacob Höglund

in Evolutionary Conservation Genetics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199214211
eISBN:
9780191706660
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214211.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter reviews the genetic consequences of environmental change. These changes are often so rapid that contemporary populations are often not found in genetic equilibrium. Furthermore, ... More


Landscape Effects on Population Spatial Spread: Range Shifts, Biological Invasions, and Landscape Epidemiology

Kimberly A. With

in Essentials of Landscape Ecology

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198838388
eISBN:
9780191874697
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198838388.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Range expansions, biological invasions, and disease spread are all inherently spatial processes that involve the successful introduction or colonization, establishment, and dispersal of organisms (or ... More


Consequences of climatic change for distributions

Brian Huntley

in Effects of Climate Change on Birds

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780198824268
eISBN:
9780191862809
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198824268.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology, Animal Biology

Species’ distributions, population sizes, and community composition are affected, directly and indirectly, by climatic changes, leading to changes in location, extent, and/or quality of ... More


Dispersal and climate change: a review of theory

Justin M. J. Travis and Calvin Dytham

in Dispersal Ecology and Evolution

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199608898
eISBN:
9780191774560
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608898.003.0026
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter focuses on how models of dispersal can improve our understanding, prediction, and management of species' range shifts under environmental change. Most models of species distribution and ... More


Climate Change Trends, Impacts, and Vulnerabilities in US National Parks

Patrick Gonzalez

in Science, Conservation, and National Parks

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780226422954
eISBN:
9780226423142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226423142.003.0006
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

From glaciers melting in Glacier National Park to corals bleaching in Virgin Islands National Park, field research in US National Parks has detected statistically significant changes that analyses of ... More


Climate Change and Avian Disease

Richard J. Hall

in Infectious Disease Ecology of Wild Birds

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
August 2021
ISBN:
9780198746249
eISBN:
9780191808852
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198746249.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology, Ornithology

Rapid and intensifying impacts of climate change are having profound influences on bird populations worldwide, altering their exposure and vulnerability to diverse parasites of conservation or public ... More


Changes in migration, carry-over effects, and migratory connectivity

Roberto Ambrosini, Andrea Romano, and Nicola Saino

in Effects of Climate Change on Birds

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780198824268
eISBN:
9780191862809
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198824268.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology, Animal Biology

Studies of the timing (phenology) of bird migration provided some of the first evidence for the effects of climate change on organisms. Since the rate of climate change is uneven across the globe, ... More


Estimating the exposure of carnivorous plants to rapid climatic change

Matthew C. Fitzpatrick and Aaron M. Ellison

in Carnivorous Plants: Physiology, ecology, and evolution

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780198779841
eISBN:
9780191825873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198779841.003.0028
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry, Ecology

Climatic change likely will exacerbate current threats to carnivorous plants. However, estimating the severity of climatic change is challenged by the unique ecology of carnivorous plants, including ... More


Stimulated Kerr Scattering

Guang S. He

in Laser Stimulated Scattering and Multiphoton Excitation

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
June 2022
ISBN:
9780192895615
eISBN:
9780191915819
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192895615.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

In a Kerr liquid consisting of optically anisotropic molecules, the intense pump light may force these molecules to reorientate along the light polarization direction. This is the optical ... More


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