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Macromolecular Crystallization and Crystal Perfection

Naomi E. Chayen, John R. Helliwell, and Edward H. Snell

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199213252
eISBN:
9780191707575
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213252.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

Structural crystallography provides key information to understand the mechanism involved for biological processes. The technique requires high‐quality crystals. The book Macromolecular ... More


Public Management Reform Defined

Luiz Carlos Bresser-Pereira

in Democracy and Public Management Reform: Building the Republican State

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199261185
eISBN:
9780191601507
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199261180.003.0015
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

The basic idea is that activities that use state power should be within the state organization; the state should mainly finance social, cultural, and scientific activities involving externalities and ... More


Summary of main results for the PME/FDE

Juan Luis Vázquez

in Smoothing and Decay Estimates for Nonlinear Diffusion Equations: Equations of Porous Medium Type

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199202973
eISBN:
9780191707919
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199202973.003.0011
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This chapter reviews the results of the preceding chapters, paying special attention to the variation of the results and effects on the main parameters m and n. This is interpreted in terms of the ... More


Introduction

Roger D. Roger and Miles A. Whittington

in Cortical Oscillations in Health and Disease

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195342796
eISBN:
9780199776276
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342796.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Development

In a previous monograph, the authors described an experimental model of the 40 Hz oscillations produced in vivo by visual stimulation. The model involved tetanic stimulation of one or two sites in a ... More


Recommendations for Better Regression

Rein Taagepera

in Making Social Sciences More Scientific: The Need for Predictive Models

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199534661
eISBN:
9780191715921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534661.003.0015
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

Take seriously the introductory advice by most introductory texts of statistics: graph the data and look at the graph so as to make sure linear regression makes sense from a statistical viewpoint. ... More


The Ubiquity of Catalan Numbers I

Thomas Koshy

in Catalan Numbers with Applications

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195334548
eISBN:
9780199868766
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195334548.003.0006
Subject:
Mathematics, Combinatorics / Graph Theory / Discrete Mathematics

This chapter presents a number of occurrences of Catalan numbers in a number of quite unexpected places and their relationships among them. They include mountain ranges (or Dyck paths), noncrossing ... More


Direct human impacts on high-latitude lakes and rivers

Martin J. Riddle and Derek C.G. Muir

in Polar Lakes and Rivers: Limnology of Arctic and Antarctic Aquatic Ecosystems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199213887
eISBN:
9780191707506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213887.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter reviews and compares possible causes of environmental impacts on lake and river systems in the Arctic and Antarctica, with emphasis on the direct effects of local human activities. ... More


Switching Paths for Ising Models with Long-Range Interaction

Nicolas Dirr

in Analysis and Stochastics of Growth Processes and Interface Models

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199239252
eISBN:
9780191716911
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239252.003.0011
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics, Analysis

The chapter discusses a multiscale model for a two-phases material. The model is a stochastic process on the finest scale. The effective behaviour on larger scales is governed by deterministic ... More


Forecasting the Long-range Consequences of Manual and Tool Use Actions: Neurophysiological, Behavioral, and Computational Considerations

Scott H. Frey

in Motor Control: Theories, Experiments, and Applications

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195395273
eISBN:
9780199863518
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395273.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

The ability to forecast the likely consequences of our actions accurately is an important component of adaptive behavior that has been approached from several distinct theoretical perspectives. ... More


The Archaeology of Group Size

Matt Grove

in Social Brain, Distributed Mind

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264522
eISBN:
9780191734724
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264522.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

This chapter aims to summarize the results of recent research producing estimates of hominin range areas, population sizes, and land use patterns based on archaeological data. Estimates of such ... More


Introduction

Naomi E. Chayen, John R. Helliwell, and Edward H. Snell

in Macromolecular Crystallization and Crystal Perfection

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199213252
eISBN:
9780191707575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213252.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

Macromolecules are the machinery of life and their function is determined by their 3D structure. Visual observation with a light microscope is not possible as the sizes of macromolecules are well ... More


Other two-sets Procrustes problems

J. C. Gower and G. B. Dijksterhuis

in Procrustes Problems

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198510581
eISBN:
9780191708961
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198510581.003.0007
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter briefly reviews other choices of T, such as when T is of given rank or is a permutation, symmetric, or positive matrix. It discusses double Procrustes problems of the form: where S and ... More


Subcritical range of the FDE. Critical line. Extinction. Backward effect

Juan Luis Vázquez

in Smoothing and Decay Estimates for Nonlinear Diffusion Equations: Equations of Porous Medium Type

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199202973
eISBN:
9780191707919
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199202973.003.0006
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This chapter studies the smoothing effect and decay rates for the FDE in the subcritical range m < mc , and also for the critical exponent mc = (n - 2)/n. ... More


Logarithmic diffusion in 2D and intermediate 1D range

Juan Luis Vázquez

in Smoothing and Decay Estimates for Nonlinear Diffusion Equations: Equations of Porous Medium Type

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199202973
eISBN:
9780191707919
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199202973.003.0009
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This chapter studies two transition situations where non-uniqueness plays an important role. The first deals with the range -1 < m ≤ 0 in n = 1, which looks like supercritical but contains the ... More


Yellowstone's Destabilized Ecosystem: Elk Effects, Science, and Policy Conflict

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195148213
eISBN:
9780199790449
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195148213.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Historical accounts, park records, and biologists' observations indicated that wintering elk in Yellowstone's northern range were present in low numbers prior to and at park establishment in 1872; ... More


Diffuse scattering – thermal, short-range order, gaseous, liquid, and amorphous scattering

Erich H. Kisi and Christopher J. Howard

in Applications of Neutron Powder Diffraction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780198515944
eISBN:
9780191705663
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515944.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter deals with diffuse scattering attributable to departures from perfect crystallinity and from gaseous, liquid, or amorphous states. First, the way in which thermal vibration of atoms ... More


THE NONPARAMETRIC RADON TRANSFORM

Leon Ehrenpreis

in The Universality of the Radon Transform

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198509783
eISBN:
9780191709166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509783.003.0002
Subject:
Mathematics, Mathematical Physics

This chapter focuses on the nonparametric Radon transform in detail. In particular, it derives the surjectivity and the range conditions, and describes the topology of the image of the Radon ... More


TAXONOMY AND DISTRIBUTION

Ted R. Anderson

in Biology of the Ubiquitous House Sparrow: From Genes to Populations

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195304114
eISBN:
9780199790012
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304114.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

This chapter examines the taxonomic relationships of the genus Passer, as well as the species boundaries of the House Sparrow with particular reference to the taxonomic position of the “Italian” ... More


Emotion in Speech Synthesis

Mark Tatham and Katherine Morton

in Expression in Speech: Analysis and Synthesis

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199250677
eISBN:
9780191719462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250677.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology

This chapter emphasizes the notion that human speech is listener-centred; speech is intended to be heard and understood. Adding expressive and emotive content provides the listener with information ... More


Loudness perception and intensity resolution in people with normal and impaired hearing

Brian C. J. Moore

in Perceptual Consequences of Cochlear Damage

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198523307
eISBN:
9780191712456
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523307.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

Cochlear hearing loss is associated with several changes in the way that loudness is perceived. This chapter reviews those changes, especially loudness recruitment, which is a more rapid than normal ... More


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