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Strategies to Approximate Random Sampling and Assignment

Patrick Dattalo

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195378351
eISBN:
9780199864645
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378351.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

Random sampling (RS) and random assignment (RA) are considered by many researchers to be the definitive methodological procedures for maximizing external and internal validity. However, there is a ... More


Basic Concepts and Assumptions

Patrick Dattalo

in Strategies to Approximate Random Sampling and Assignment

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195378351
eISBN:
9780199864645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378351.003.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter defines important terms and concepts. It is assumed that readers are familiar with issues related to the appropriate application of each statistical procedure in terms of assumptions and ... More


Homogeneous Populations

Raymond L. Chambers and Robert G. Clark

in An Introduction to Model-Based Survey Sampling with Applications

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780198566625
eISBN:
9780191738449
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566625.003.0003
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter describes the simplest possible model for a finite population: the homogeneous population model. It is appropriate when there is no auxiliary information that can distinguish between ... More


Treatments in the Context of Games

Diana C. Mutz

in Population-Based Survey Experiments

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144511
eISBN:
9781400840489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144511.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

This chapter examines games-based treatments, which are an out-growth of conducting experiments online, where gaming seems only natural and where highly complex, multi-stage experimental treatments ... More


Population-Based Survey Experiments

Diana C. Mutz

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144511
eISBN:
9781400840489
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144511.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

Population-based survey experiments have become an invaluable tool for social scientists struggling to generalize laboratory-based results, and for survey researchers besieged by uncertainties about ... More


Equal probability sampling

David G. Hankin, Michael S. Mohr, and Ken B. Newman

in Sampling Theory: For the Ecological and Natural Resource Sciences

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780198815792
eISBN:
9780191853463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198815792.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies, Ecology

This chapter presents a formal quantitative treatment of material covered conceptually in Chapter 2, all with respect to equal probability with replacement (SWR) and without replacement selection ... More


Analyses of Data from Complex Survey Sampling

Peter Miksza and Kenneth Elpus

in Design and Analysis for Quantitative Research in Music Education

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780199391905
eISBN:
9780199391943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199391905.003.0011
Subject:
Music, Theory, Analysis, Composition, Performing Practice/Studies

This chapter introduces the specialized techniques necessary for analyzing data that have been gathered in a complex or multistage survey sample. The chapter details the methods most commonly used to ... More


Seeking Common Ground Amidst Differences: The Turn to India

Arunabh Ghosh

in Making It Count: Statistics and Statecraft in the Early People’s Republic of China

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780691179476
eISBN:
9780691199214
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691179476.003.0007
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter unearths a series of heretofore largely forgotten exchanges between Chinese and Indian statisticians. It is based on study of key figures, such as the deputy director of China's State ... More


Random Walks and Rapid Mixing

Cristopher Moore and Stephan Mertens

in The Nature of Computation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199233212
eISBN:
9780191775079
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233212.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Random sampling is a technique for dealing with possible states or solutions having an exponentially large space. The best method of random sampling generally involves a random walk or a Markov ... More


Spatially balanced sampling

David G. Hankin, Michael S. Mohr, and Ken B. Newman

in Sampling Theory: For the Ecological and Natural Resource Sciences

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780198815792
eISBN:
9780191853463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198815792.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies, Ecology

In many ecological and natural resource settings, there may be a high degree of spatial structure or pattern to the distribution of target variable values across the landscape. For example, the ... More


The Value of Experience: Independence and Estimation

Michael R. Powers

in Acts of God and Man: Ruminations on Risk and Insurance

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231153676
eISBN:
9780231527057
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231153676.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter explores a number of concepts and methods employed in the frequency/classical approach, called frequentism. To present the standard frequentist paradigm, it begins by defining the ... More


The Virtues of Randomization

in Against Prediction: Profiling, Policing, and Punishing in an Actuarial Age

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226316130
eISBN:
9780226315997
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226315997.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

The critiques set forth in this book reflect problems with the actuarial approach more generally—not just with specific types of stereotyping or profiles. This chapter sketches the contours and ... More


Democratic Aspirations

James S. Fishkin

in When the People Speak: Deliberative Democracy and Public Consultation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2015
ISBN:
9780199604432
eISBN:
9780191803574
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199604432.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter first sets out the book's main topic which is deliberative democracy and how to include everyone under conditions where they are effectively motivated to really think about the issues. ... More


A Cross-Section Analysis of an Economic Theory

Bernt P. Stigum

in Econometrics in a Formal Science of Economics: Theory and the Measurement of Economic Relations

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262028585
eISBN:
9780262323109
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028585.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

Chapter V begins with a discussion of formal theory-data confrontations in which the sample population plays a significant role. The formalism differs from the theory-data confrontations in Chapters ... More


Making It Count: Statistics and Statecraft in the Early People’s Republic of China

Arunabh Ghosh

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780691179476
eISBN:
9780691199214
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691179476.001.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

In 1949, at the end of a long period of wars, one of the biggest challenges facing leaders of the new People's Republic of China was how much they did not know. The government of one of the world's ... More


Methods

Mark Bevir and Jason Blakely

in Interpretive Social Science: An Anti-Naturalist Approach

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780198832942
eISBN:
9780191871344
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198832942.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter draws on the latest methodological literature in order to show how an anti-naturalist framework justifies multi-methods in social science research. Contrary to the widespread debate that ... More


Buddhism, Happiness, and the Science of Meditation

William Edelglass

in Meditation, Buddhism, and Science

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780190495794
eISBN:
9780190495831
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190495794.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

The widespread discourse of happiness and meditation is part of a “happiness turn” in contemporary Western Buddhism, in which meditation is presented as a path to happiness. This turn is justified, ... More


Masculine in Sex with the Morals of a Methodist: Gilbert and Sullivan Fans

Ian Bradley

in Oh Joy! Oh Rapture!: The Enduring Phenomenon of Gilbert and Sullivan

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195328943
eISBN:
9780199851256
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328943.003.0005
Subject:
Music, Popular

Like the sons of Gama Rex in Princess Ida, devotees of Gilbert and Sullivan are, on the whole, masculine in sex. The male bias is particularly evident among what might be called the ‘inner ... More


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