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## Simulating molecular evolution

*ZIHENG YANG*

### in Computational Molecular Evolution

- Published in print:
- 2006
- Published Online:
- April 2010
- ISBN:
- 9780198567028
- eISBN:
- 9780191728280
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567028.003.0009
- Subject:
- Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses basic techniques of computer simulation. Topics covered include random number generator, generation of continuous random variables, generation of discrete random variables, and ... More

## Number partitioning

*Marc Mézard and Andrea Montanari*

### in Information, Physics, and Computation

- Published in print:
- 2009
- Published Online:
- September 2009
- ISBN:
- 9780198570837
- eISBN:
- 9780191718755
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570837.003.0007
- Subject:
- Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Number partitioning is one of the most basic optimization problems. It is very easy to state: ‘Given the values of N assets, is there a fair partition of them into two sets?’ Nevertheless, it is very ... More

## Random Numbers and God’s Nature

*James Bradley*

### in Abraham's Dice: Chance and Providence in the Monotheistic Traditions

- Published in print:
- 2016
- Published Online:
- May 2016
- ISBN:
- 9780190277154
- eISBN:
- 9780190277185
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190277154.003.0004
- Subject:
- Religion, Theology

“Randomness,” despite being a common term, does not unfortunately have a common definition. Disciplines have strongly varying intuitions about its meaning. Researchers in a branch of theoretical ... More

## Random sampling

*Max A. Little*

### in Machine Learning for Signal Processing: Data Science, Algorithms, and Computational Statistics

- Published in print:
- 2019
- Published Online:
- October 2019
- ISBN:
- 9780198714934
- eISBN:
- 9780191879180
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/oso/9780198714934.003.0003
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy, Mathematical Physics

This chapter provides an overview of generating samples from random variables with a given (joint) distribution, and using these samples to find quantities of interest from digital signals. This task ... More

## Continuous Random Numbers

*Robert H. Swendsen*

### in An Introduction to Statistical Mechanics and Thermodynamics

- Published in print:
- 2019
- Published Online:
- February 2020
- ISBN:
- 9780198853237
- eISBN:
- 9780191887703
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/oso/9780198853237.003.0005
- Subject:
- Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The theory of probability developed in Chapter 3 for discrete random variables is extended to probability distributions, in order to treat the continuous momentum variables. The Dirac delta function ... More

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