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Simulating molecular evolution

ZIHENG YANG

in Computational Molecular Evolution

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198567028
eISBN:
9780191728280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567028.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses basic techniques of computer simulation. Topics covered include random number generator, generation of continuous random variables, generation of discrete random variables, and ... More


Number partitioning

Marc Mézard and Andrea Montanari

in Information, Physics, and Computation

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198570837
eISBN:
9780191718755
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570837.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Number partitioning is one of the most basic optimization problems. It is very easy to state: ‘Given the values of N assets, is there a fair partition of them into two sets?’ Nevertheless, it is very ... More


Random Numbers and God’s Nature

James Bradley

in Abraham's Dice: Chance and Providence in the Monotheistic Traditions

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780190277154
eISBN:
9780190277185
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190277154.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Theology

“Randomness,” despite being a common term, does not unfortunately have a common definition. Disciplines have strongly varying intuitions about its meaning. Researchers in a branch of theoretical ... More


Random sampling

Max A. Little

in Machine Learning for Signal Processing: Data Science, Algorithms, and Computational Statistics

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780198714934
eISBN:
9780191879180
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198714934.003.0003
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy, Mathematical Physics

This chapter provides an overview of generating samples from random variables with a given (joint) distribution, and using these samples to find quantities of interest from digital signals. This task ... More


Continuous Random Numbers

Robert H. Swendsen

in An Introduction to Statistical Mechanics and Thermodynamics

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
February 2020
ISBN:
9780198853237
eISBN:
9780191887703
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198853237.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The theory of probability developed in Chapter 3 for discrete random variables is extended to probability distributions, in order to treat the continuous momentum variables. The Dirac delta function ... More


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