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Interpreting Epidemiologic Evidence: Strategies for Study Design & Analysis

David A. Savitz

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195108408
eISBN:
9780199865765
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195108408.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This book offers a strategy for assessing epidemiologic research findings. Specific tools for assessing the presence and impact of selection bias in both cohort and case-control studies, bias from ... More


Reliability

Neil Abell, David W. Springer, and Akihito Kamata

in Developing and Validating Rapid Assessment Instruments

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195333367
eISBN:
9780199864300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333367.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter provides a theoretical overview of reliability, as well as pragmatic considerations in establishing different types of reliability. To illustrate key points, it draws from two scales: ... More


Random and systematic errors

Simon Parsons and William Clegg

in Crystal Structure Analysis: Principles and Practice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199219469
eISBN:
9780191722516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199219469.003.0016
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

This chapter outlines some basic statistical methods and shows their application in crystallography, particularly in analysing the results. Concepts include: random and systematic errors, precision ... More


Integration of Evidence Across Studies

David A. Savitz

in Interpreting Epidemiologic Evidence: Strategies for Study Design & Analysis

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195108408
eISBN:
9780199865765
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195108408.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Multiple studies provide an opportunity to evaluate patterns of results to draw firmer conclusions. A series of studies yielding inconsistent results may well provide strong support for a causal ... More


General Requirements for Casimir Force Measurements

M. Bordag, G. L. Klimchitskaya, U. Mohideen, and V. M. Mostepanenko

in Advances in the Casimir Effect

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199238743
eISBN:
9780191716461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238743.003.0018
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

Given that the Casimir force is very small and has a strong dependence on the separation distance and on the geometrical and material properties of the boundary surfaces, the measurement of this ... More


Statistical analysis of activation images

Keith J. Worsley

in Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging: An Introduction to Methods

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192630711
eISBN:
9780191724770
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192630711.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

Statistical analysis is concerned with making inference about underlying patterns in data that often contain a large amount of random error. This chapter begins by building up a model of the ... More


Random Error

David A. Savitz and Gregory A. Wellenius

in Interpreting Epidemiologic Evidence: Connecting Research to Applications

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780190243777
eISBN:
9780190243807
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190243777.003.0012
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Random error refers to the non-systematic reasons that estimated values deviate from the correct values. The processes that give rise to random error, either sampling or allocation across treatments, ... More


Measurement errors

Erik Biørn and Erik Biørn

in Econometrics of Panel Data: Methods and Applications

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780198753445
eISBN:
9780191815072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198753445.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

A main objective of the chapter is to demonstrate how measurement error problems which are non-tractable in cross-section data can be overcome when (balanced) panel data are available. ... More


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