## Strategies to Approximate Random Sampling and Assignment

*Patrick Dattalo*

- Published in print:
- 2009
- Published Online:
- February 2010
- ISBN:
- 9780195378351
- eISBN:
- 9780199864645
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378351.001.0001
- Subject:
- Social Work, Research and Evaluation

Random sampling (RS) and random assignment (RA) are considered by many researchers to be the definitive methodological procedures for maximizing external and internal validity. However, there is a ... More

## New Perspectives in Stochastic Geometry

*Wilfrid S. Kendall and Ilya Molchanov (eds)*

- Published in print:
- 2009
- Published Online:
- February 2010
- ISBN:
- 9780199232574
- eISBN:
- 9780191716393
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232574.001.0001
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Geometry / Topology

Stochastic geometry is a subject with roots stretching back at least 300 years, but one which has only been formed as an academic area in the last 50 years. It covers the study of random patterns, ... More

## Representation and Representativeness

*John Parkinson*

### in Deliberating in the Real World: Problems of Legitimacy in Deliberative Democracy

- Published in print:
- 2006
- Published Online:
- September 2006
- ISBN:
- 9780199291113
- eISBN:
- 9780191604133
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/019929111X.003.0004
- Subject:
- Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter explores the ideas of representation, the first broad solution to the legitimacy problems in deliberative democracy. It considers the nature, strengths, and weaknesses of three different ... More

## Outlook

*Sergey N. Dorogovtsev*

### in Lectures on Complex Networks

- Published in print:
- 2010
- Published Online:
- May 2010
- ISBN:
- 9780199548927
- eISBN:
- 9780191720574
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199548927.003.0015
- Subject:
- Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

In this concluding section of the text, the three major milestones marking the history of the exploration of networks are indicated. These are: Leonhard Euler's work (1735), the introduction of ... More

## Quantum Transport in Mesoscopic Systems: Complexity and Statistical Fluctuations. A Maximum Entropy Viewpoint

*Pier A. Mello and Narendra Kumar*

- Published in print:
- 2004
- Published Online:
- September 2007
- ISBN:
- 9780198525820
- eISBN:
- 9780191712234
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525820.001.0001
- Subject:
- Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This book presents a statistical theory of complex wave scattering and quantum transport in a class of physical systems of current interest having chaotic classical dynamics (e.g., microwave cavities ... More

## Networks: An Introduction

*Mark Newman*

- Published in print:
- 2010
- Published Online:
- September 2010
- ISBN:
- 9780199206650
- eISBN:
- 9780191594175
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199206650.001.0001
- Subject:
- Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The scientific study of networks, including computer networks, social networks, and biological networks, has received an enormous amount of interest in the last few years. The rise of the Internet ... More

## The impossibility of ultimate responsibility?

*GALEN STRAWSON*

### in Free Will and Modern Science

- Published in print:
- 2011
- Published Online:
- January 2013
- ISBN:
- 9780197264898
- eISBN:
- 9780191754074
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- British Academy
- DOI:
- 10.5871/bacad/9780197264898.003.0009
- Subject:
- Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter argues that the mere fact that a decision has not been fully caused by previous events suggests that these are simply random events for which a person cannot be properly held morally ... More

## Pleasure and Change: The Aesthetics of Canon

*Frank Kermode*

*Robert Alter (ed.)*

- Published in print:
- 2006
- Published Online:
- October 2011
- ISBN:
- 9780195309355
- eISBN:
- 9780199850860
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309355.001.0001
- Subject:
- Literature, Criticism/Theory

The question of the canon has been the subject of debate in academic circles for over fifteen years. This book contains two lectures on this important subject by the distinguished literary critic Sir ... More

## Variations on the Game

*George J. Mailath and Larry Samuelson*

### in Repeated Games and Reputations: Long-Run Relationships

- Published in print:
- 2006
- Published Online:
- January 2007
- ISBN:
- 9780195300796
- eISBN:
- 9780199783700
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300796.003.0005
- Subject:
- Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter explores variations on the standard repeated game: random matching games and repeated games played in the context of a market or society, multiple repeated games, repeated extensive form ... More

## Basic Concepts and Assumptions

*Patrick Dattalo*

### in Strategies to Approximate Random Sampling and Assignment

- Published in print:
- 2009
- Published Online:
- February 2010
- ISBN:
- 9780195378351
- eISBN:
- 9780199864645
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378351.003.0001
- Subject:
- Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter defines important terms and concepts. It is assumed that readers are familiar with issues related to the appropriate application of each statistical procedure in terms of assumptions and ... More

## Natural Selection in the Abstract

*Samir Okasha*

### in Evolution and the Levels of Selection

- Published in print:
- 2006
- Published Online:
- January 2007
- ISBN:
- 9780199267972
- eISBN:
- 9780191708275
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267972.003.0001
- Subject:
- Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter studies the logic of evolution by natural selection and the origin of the levels of selection question. The abstract nature of the core Darwinian principles, and thus their potential ... More

## Statistical Alternatives and Supplements to Random Sampling

*Patrick Dattalo*

### in Strategies to Approximate Random Sampling and Assignment

- Published in print:
- 2009
- Published Online:
- February 2010
- ISBN:
- 9780195378351
- eISBN:
- 9780199864645
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378351.003.0003
- Subject:
- Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter describes the following alternatives and complements to RS in terms of their assumptions, implementations, strengths, and weaknesses: (1) randomization tests; (2) multiple imputation; ... More

## Population-Based Survey Experiments

*Diana C. Mutz*

- Published in print:
- 2011
- Published Online:
- October 2017
- ISBN:
- 9780691144511
- eISBN:
- 9781400840489
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Princeton University Press
- DOI:
- 10.23943/princeton/9780691144511.001.0001
- Subject:
- Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

Population-based survey experiments have become an invaluable tool for social scientists struggling to generalize laboratory-based results, and for survey researchers besieged by uncertainties about ... More

## Random Processes in Physics and Finance

*Melvin Lax, Wei Cai, and Min Xu*

- Published in print:
- 2006
- Published Online:
- January 2010
- ISBN:
- 9780198567769
- eISBN:
- 9780191718359
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567769.001.0001
- Subject:
- Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This book discusses random processes in physics, from basic probability theory to the Fokker-Planck process and Langevin equation for the Fokker Planck process and diffusion. It includes diverse ... More

## Stochastic Population Processes: Analysis, Approximations, Simulations

*Eric Renshaw*

- Published in print:
- 2011
- Published Online:
- September 2011
- ISBN:
- 9780199575312
- eISBN:
- 9780191728778
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199575312.001.0001
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Applied Mathematics, Mathematical Biology

The vast majority of random processes in the real world have no memory — the next step in their development depends purely on their current state. Stochastic realizations are therefore defined purely ... More

## What is a random process

*Melvin Lax, Wei Cai, and Min Xu*

### in Random Processes in Physics and Finance

- Published in print:
- 2006
- Published Online:
- January 2010
- ISBN:
- 9780198567769
- eISBN:
- 9780191718359
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567769.003.0002
- Subject:
- Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

A random or stochastic process is a random variable that evolves in time by some random mechanism (of course, the time variable can be replaced by a space variable, or some other variable, in ... More

## Probability and Statistical Distributions

*Željko Ivezi, Andrew J. Connolly, Jacob T. VanderPlas, Alexander Gray, Željko Ivezi, Andrew J. Connolly, Jacob T. VanderPlas, and Alexander Gray*

### in Statistics, Data Mining, and Machine Learning in Astronomy: A Practical Python Guide for the Analysis of Survey Data

- Published in print:
- 2014
- Published Online:
- October 2017
- ISBN:
- 9780691151687
- eISBN:
- 9781400848911
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Princeton University Press
- DOI:
- 10.23943/princeton/9780691151687.003.0003
- Subject:
- Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter reviews notation and basic concepts in probability and statistics. The coverage of various topics cannot be complete, and it is aimed at concepts needed to understand material covered in ... More

## Solving the Tower of Hanoi with Random Moves

*Max A. Alekseyev and Toby Berger*

### in The Mathematics of Various Entertaining Subjects: Research in Recreational Math

- Published in print:
- 2015
- Published Online:
- October 2017
- ISBN:
- 9780691164038
- eISBN:
- 9781400881338
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Princeton University Press
- DOI:
- 10.23943/princeton/9780691164038.003.0005
- Subject:
- Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter studies solutions of the Tower of Hanoi puzzle and some of its variants with random moves, where each move is chosen uniformly from the set of the valid moves in the current state. The ... More

## The Central Binomial Coefficient

*Thomas Koshy*

### in Catalan Numbers with Applications

- Published in print:
- 2008
- Published Online:
- January 2009
- ISBN:
- 9780195334548
- eISBN:
- 9780199868766
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195334548.003.0002
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Combinatorics / Graph Theory / Discrete Mathematics

This chapter focuses on the ubiquitous central binomial coefficient and its properties. It confirms that Cn is a positive integer. The chapter covers Lagrange's identity.

## Directed Random Growth Models on the Plane

*Timo Seppäläinen*

### in Analysis and Stochastics of Growth Processes and Interface Models

- Published in print:
- 2008
- Published Online:
- September 2008
- ISBN:
- 9780199239252
- eISBN:
- 9780191716911
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239252.003.0001
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Probability / Statistics, Analysis

This chapter discusses random growth models describing the evolution of an interface in the plane. For specific models, three basic questions are discussed. First, under appropriate scaling, what is ... More