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Strategies to Approximate Random Sampling and Assignment

Patrick Dattalo

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195378351
eISBN:
9780199864645
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378351.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

Random sampling (RS) and random assignment (RA) are considered by many researchers to be the definitive methodological procedures for maximizing external and internal validity. However, there is a ... More


New Perspectives in Stochastic Geometry

Wilfrid S. Kendall and Ilya Molchanov (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199232574
eISBN:
9780191716393
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232574.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Geometry / Topology

Stochastic geometry is a subject with roots stretching back at least 300 years, but one which has only been formed as an academic area in the last 50 years. It covers the study of random patterns, ... More


Representation and Representativeness

John Parkinson

in Deliberating in the Real World: Problems of Legitimacy in Deliberative Democracy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199291113
eISBN:
9780191604133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019929111X.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter explores the ideas of representation, the first broad solution to the legitimacy problems in deliberative democracy. It considers the nature, strengths, and weaknesses of three different ... More


Outlook

Sergey N. Dorogovtsev

in Lectures on Complex Networks

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199548927
eISBN:
9780191720574
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199548927.003.0015
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

In this concluding section of the text, the three major milestones marking the history of the exploration of networks are indicated. These are: Leonhard Euler's work (1735), the introduction of ... More


Quantum Transport in Mesoscopic Systems: Complexity and Statistical Fluctuations. A Maximum Entropy Viewpoint

Pier A. Mello and Narendra Kumar

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198525820
eISBN:
9780191712234
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525820.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This book presents a statistical theory of complex wave scattering and quantum transport in a class of physical systems of current interest having chaotic classical dynamics (e.g., microwave cavities ... More


Networks: An Introduction

Mark Newman

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199206650
eISBN:
9780191594175
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199206650.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The scientific study of networks, including computer networks, social networks, and biological networks, has received an enormous amount of interest in the last few years. The rise of the Internet ... More


The impossibility of ultimate responsibility?

GALEN STRAWSON

in Free Will and Modern Science

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264898
eISBN:
9780191754074
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264898.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter argues that the mere fact that a decision has not been fully caused by previous events suggests that these are simply random events for which a person cannot be properly held morally ... More


Pleasure and Change: The Aesthetics of Canon

Frank Kermode

Robert Alter (ed.)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195309355
eISBN:
9780199850860
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309355.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

The question of the canon has been the subject of debate in academic circles for over fifteen years. This book contains two lectures on this important subject by the distinguished literary critic Sir ... More


 Variations on the Game

George J. Mailath and Larry Samuelson

in Repeated Games and Reputations: Long-Run Relationships

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195300796
eISBN:
9780199783700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300796.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter explores variations on the standard repeated game: random matching games and repeated games played in the context of a market or society, multiple repeated games, repeated extensive form ... More


Basic Concepts and Assumptions

Patrick Dattalo

in Strategies to Approximate Random Sampling and Assignment

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195378351
eISBN:
9780199864645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378351.003.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter defines important terms and concepts. It is assumed that readers are familiar with issues related to the appropriate application of each statistical procedure in terms of assumptions and ... More


Natural Selection in the Abstract

Samir Okasha

in Evolution and the Levels of Selection

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199267972
eISBN:
9780191708275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267972.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter studies the logic of evolution by natural selection and the origin of the levels of selection question. The abstract nature of the core Darwinian principles, and thus their potential ... More


Statistical Alternatives and Supplements to Random Sampling

Patrick Dattalo

in Strategies to Approximate Random Sampling and Assignment

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195378351
eISBN:
9780199864645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378351.003.0003
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter describes the following alternatives and complements to RS in terms of their assumptions, implementations, strengths, and weaknesses: (1) randomization tests; (2) multiple imputation; ... More


Population-Based Survey Experiments

Diana C. Mutz

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144511
eISBN:
9781400840489
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144511.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

Population-based survey experiments have become an invaluable tool for social scientists struggling to generalize laboratory-based results, and for survey researchers besieged by uncertainties about ... More


Random Processes in Physics and Finance

Melvin Lax, Wei Cai, and Min Xu

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198567769
eISBN:
9780191718359
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567769.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This book discusses random processes in physics, from basic probability theory to the Fokker-Planck process and Langevin equation for the Fokker Planck process and diffusion. It includes diverse ... More


Stochastic Population Processes: Analysis, Approximations, Simulations

Eric Renshaw

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199575312
eISBN:
9780191728778
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199575312.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics, Mathematical Biology

The vast majority of random processes in the real world have no memory — the next step in their development depends purely on their current state. Stochastic realizations are therefore defined purely ... More


What is a random process

Melvin Lax, Wei Cai, and Min Xu

in Random Processes in Physics and Finance

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198567769
eISBN:
9780191718359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567769.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

A random or stochastic process is a random variable that evolves in time by some random mechanism (of course, the time variable can be replaced by a space variable, or some other variable, in ... More


Probability and Statistical Distributions

Željko Ivezi, Andrew J. Connolly, Jacob T. VanderPlas, Alexander Gray, Željko Ivezi, Andrew J. Connolly, Jacob T. VanderPlas, and Alexander Gray

in Statistics, Data Mining, and Machine Learning in Astronomy: A Practical Python Guide for the Analysis of Survey Data

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151687
eISBN:
9781400848911
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151687.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter reviews notation and basic concepts in probability and statistics. The coverage of various topics cannot be complete, and it is aimed at concepts needed to understand material covered in ... More


Solving the Tower of Hanoi with Random Moves

Max A. Alekseyev and Toby Berger

in The Mathematics of Various Entertaining Subjects: Research in Recreational Math

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691164038
eISBN:
9781400881338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691164038.003.0005
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter studies solutions of the Tower of Hanoi puzzle and some of its variants with random moves, where each move is chosen uniformly from the set of the valid moves in the current state. The ... More


The Central Binomial Coefficient

Thomas Koshy

in Catalan Numbers with Applications

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195334548
eISBN:
9780199868766
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195334548.003.0002
Subject:
Mathematics, Combinatorics / Graph Theory / Discrete Mathematics

This chapter focuses on the ubiquitous central binomial coefficient and its properties. It confirms that Cn is a positive integer. The chapter covers Lagrange's identity.


Directed Random Growth Models on the Plane

Timo Seppäläinen

in Analysis and Stochastics of Growth Processes and Interface Models

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199239252
eISBN:
9780191716911
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239252.003.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics, Analysis

This chapter discusses random growth models describing the evolution of an interface in the plane. For specific models, three basic questions are discussed. First, under appropriate scaling, what is ... More


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