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Microinsurance: The Next Revolution?

Jonathan Morduch

in Understanding Poverty

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195305197
eISBN:
9780199783519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305191.003.0022
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This essay focuses on the design of insurance products for poor customers. Several promising innovations are described: credit life insurance, health insurance partnerships, and weather insurance. ... More


Ecology and Environment

R.S. Sharma

in India’s Ancient Past

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195687859
eISBN:
9780199080366
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195687859.003.0005
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

In ancient times, humans lived on wild produce and hunting birds and animals. However, in the industrial age, the relation of humans with plants and animals has undergone a fundamental change, and ... More


Stochastic soil moisture dynamics and vegetation response

Amilcare Porporato and Ignacio Rodríguez-Iturbe

in Celebrating Statistics: Papers in honour of Sir David Cox on his 80th birthday

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198566540
eISBN:
9780191718038
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566540.003.0003
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter describes work on a stochastic soil moisture model that has been used to investigate the relationship between the hydrologic and vegetation dynamics ecohydrology in water-controlled ... More


Twenty-first century atmospheric change and deforestation: potential impacts on tropical forests

Wolfgang Cramer, Alberte Bondeau, Sibyll Schaphoff, Wolfgang Lucht, Ben Smith, and Stephen Sitch

in Tropical Forests and Global Atmospheric Change

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567066
eISBN:
9780191717888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567066.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter quantifies the relative roles of carbon dioxide (CO2), temperature, rainfall, and deforestation on the future extent and condition of tropical rainforests, and examines the magnitude of ... More


Irrigation

A. S. Morrison

in Russian Rule in Samarkand 1868-1910: A Comparison with British India

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199547371
eISBN:
9780191720710
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547371.003.0007
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter covers the technical but essential subject of artificial irrigation and the control of water. In a land where rainfall is scarce, controlling canals and water distribution is one of the ... More


Savannahs

Bryan Shorrocks

in The Biology of African Savannahs

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198570660
eISBN:
9780191717680
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570660.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter introduces savannahs and looks at their distribution worldwide. It examines the general climatic and physical conditions that produce them. It briefly looks at the Llanos of the Orinoco ... More


The vegetation

Bryan Shorrocks

in The Biology of African Savannahs

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198570660
eISBN:
9780191717680
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570660.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

The various forms of African savannah vegetation are an expression of the interactions of climate, soils, herbivores, fire, and human activities. This chapter examines each of these causes. A brief ... More


Climate and Topography

Grady L. Webster and Robert M. Rhode

in Plant Diversity of an Andean Cloud Forest: Inventory of the Vascular Flora of Maquipucuna, Ecuador

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520098305
eISBN:
9780520915930
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520098305.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter discusses the climate and topography of the Maquipucuna region. The climate of the region is equatorial and wet, with an annual rainfall of 3,230mm at an elevation of 1,630m. Because of ... More


Climate Change and Oceanography

Tim R. McClanahan and Joshua E. Cinner

in Adapting to a Changing Environment: Confronting the Consequences of Climate Change

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199754489
eISBN:
9780199918843
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199754489.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter briefly describes the current understanding of the recent geological history of climate and oceanography in the Indian Ocean and its implications for human-induced climate change. A ... More


Teleology and Elements

Monte Ransome Johnson

in Aristotle on Teleology

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199285303
eISBN:
9780191603143
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199285306.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Did Aristotle consider the properties of the elements to be teleologically explicable? According to some commentators, he did not, but considered these to operate according to material, moving, or ... More


This Desert

JOHN BINNS

in Ascetics and Ambassadors of Christ: The Monasteries of Palestine 314-631

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198269342
eISBN:
9780191683626
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198269342.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter describes the Palestinian desert that served as home to thousands of monks. The Palestinian desert was unique compared to other desert areas inhabited by monks, those of Egypt and Syria. ... More


Burning the Bush: The Development of Australia’s Southwest Botanical Province

Fiona Kost

in Humans and the Environment: New Archaeological Perspectives for the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199590292
eISBN:
9780191917998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199590292.003.0015
Subject:
Archaeology, Environmental Archaeology

Though early historical records frequently mention Aboriginal, or Noongar, firing in south-western Australia, little is known about how the Noongar people ... More


The Biology of Deserts

David Ward

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780198732754
eISBN:
9780191796982
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198732754.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This book offers a concise but comprehensive introduction to desert ecology and adopts a strong evolutionary and applied focus. Deserts are defined by their arid conditions. Deserts are widespread ... More


Impact of Water Harvesting and Recharge in Naturally Water-Scarce Regions *

M. Dinesh Kumar

in Managing Water in River Basins: Hydrology, Economics, and Institutions

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780198065364
eISBN:
9780199081219
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198065364.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter evaluates the potentials of, and pitfalls in, rainwater harvesting and groundwater recharging in water-scarce regions of India. It analyses macro and micro level hydrological and ... More


Changing Surface Water–Groundwater Interactions in Narmada River Basin

M. Dinesh Kumar

in Managing Water in River Basins: Hydrology, Economics, and Institutions

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780198065364
eISBN:
9780199081219
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198065364.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter examines the changes in the interaction between surface water and groundwater in Narmada River Basin. It analyses the historical flows, long-term trends in rainfall in the basin, and ... More


Spatial Scale and Species Diversity: Building Species–Area Curves from Species Incidence

Jack J. Lennon and William Edward Kunin

in Biodiversity in Drylands: Toward a Unified Framework

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195139853
eISBN:
9780197561720
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195139853.003.0011
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Environmental Geography

This chapter is largely focused on the species–area relationship (SAR), although it may not seem so for much of the time. Bear with us; we will get there ... More


Smoothing—median values

Steve Selvin

in The Joy of Statistics: A Treasury of Elementary Statistical Tools and their Applications

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780198833444
eISBN:
9780191872280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198833444.003.0032
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics, Applied Mathematics

As the term smoothing suggests, data are made more similar to represent a clearer and more accessible picture of the relationships within the collected data.


First Woman: Joanne Simpson and the Tropical Atmosphere

James Rodger Fleming

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780198862734
eISBN:
9780191895340
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198862734.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

This book, based on the life and work of Joanne (Gerould) Simpson (1923–2010), charts the history of women in meteorology and the history of tropical meteorology in the context of her long and ... More


The Zen of the Beach: Musings on a River Of Sand

Wolf H. Berger

in Ocean: Reflections on a Century of Exploration

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247789
eISBN:
9780520942547
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247789.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter focuses on the processes shaping coastal landscapes and the factors that contribute to the formation of beaches. It begins by discussing waves, where they come from, how they change ... More


Shading and Cooling in City Climates

William G. Wilson

in Constructed Climates: A Primer on Urban Environments

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226901459
eISBN:
9780226901473
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226901473.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

The heating of impervious surfaces generally matches and confirms the scale of urban heat island warming, and also matches the amount of heat that evaporates a light rain. The chapter examines the ... More


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