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Up to 1880

Brian R. Cheffins

in Corporate Ownership and Control: British Business Transformed

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199236978
eISBN:
9780191717260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199236978.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

England experienced its first flurry of public offerings of company shares in the 1690s, followed by promotion ‘waves’ in 1720 (‘the South Sea Bubble’), the mid-1820s, the mid-1830s, and the ... More


Dis-organizing Capitalism: How Lawyers Made and Unmade the Railway Manias, 1825–1845

R. W. Kostal

in Law and English Railway Capitalism 1825–1875

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198265672
eISBN:
9780191682926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198265672.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Legal History

Lawyers provided invaluable legal and commercial services to the scores of ‘legitimate’ railway enterprises promoted in England before 1850. Their expertise in business organization and ... More


The Invasion of the Land: Railways, Land Expropriation, and Legal Process, 1825–1850

R. W. Kostal

in Law and English Railway Capitalism 1825–1875

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198265672
eISBN:
9780191682926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198265672.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Legal History

In the span of only twenty-five years, 1825 to 1850, Parliament equipped scores of steam railway companies with the legal power to compel the sale of tens of thousands of acres of privately held ... More


A ‘Ruinous System’: Railway Companies and their Lawyers, 1825–1875

R. W. Kostal

in Law and English Railway Capitalism 1825–1875

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198265672
eISBN:
9780191682926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198265672.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Legal History

From its first organizational moments to its emergence as a leading sector of the English industrial economy, lawyers were an intrinsic part of steam railway capitalism. Solicitors especially, being ... More


Into the Ideological Breach: Railway Monopolism, the Small Freight war, and the Courts, 1840–1872

R. W. Kostal

in Law and English Railway Capitalism 1825–1875

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198265672
eISBN:
9780191682926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198265672.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Legal History

The Parliamentarians of the 1830s and 1840s had not intended to create private commercial monopolies over steam railway transport. They had imagined, rather, that the private railway acts would ... More


Localism and Capitalism: Law and the Parochial Taxation of Railways, 1825–1862

R. W. Kostal

in Law and English Railway Capitalism 1825–1875

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198265672
eISBN:
9780191682926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198265672.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This chapter focuses on the first three decades of a protracted struggle between rural authorities and railway companies over the rightful division of a new form of industrial wealth. The principal ... More


The Separation of Ownership and Control by 1914

Brian R. Cheffins

in Corporate Ownership and Control: British Business Transformed

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199236978
eISBN:
9780191717260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199236978.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

Leslie Hannah has provocatively claimed ownership was divorced from control in large UK companies by the early 20th century, inviting re-examination of entrenched assumptions in so doing. This ... More


Jim Crow Rides This Train: Segregation in the Canadian Workforce

Sarah-Jane Mathieu

in North of the Color Line: Migration and Black Resistance in Canada, 1870-1955

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807834299
eISBN:
9781469603858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807899397_mathieu.7
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter analyses the experiences of black railwaymen prior to the Great War. Although there were vast employment options for blacks initially, there was a racialized division of the workforce ... More


From Hacienda To Colony

MaríA E. Montoya

in Translating Property: The Maxwell Land Grant and the Conflict over Land in the American West, 1840-1900

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520227446
eISBN:
9780520926486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520227446.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter describes how the new concept of property rested on ideas—myths, actually—about the American West. In particular, it examines the mythic belief that the West was an expanse of unsettled, ... More


Introduction

R. W. Kostal

in Law and English Railway Capitalism 1825–1875

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198265672
eISBN:
9780191682926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198265672.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This introductory chapter sets out the focus the book, which is a case-study in the legal history of early industrial economy in England. It concerns fifty years of powerful dialectical exchange ... More


Railway Financing before Nationalization: Spain 1855–1941

Pedro Pablo Ortúñez Goicolea

in Infrastructure Finance in Europe: Insights into the History of Water, Transport, and Telecommunications

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780198713418
eISBN:
9780191781841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198713418.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter analyses the capital structure of the main Spanish railway companies during the private operating years. From this analysis the reader can draw an idea of the investment, financing, and ... More


Docks, Railways or Institutions: Competing Images for Mid-Nineteenth-Century Dundee

Rob Duck and Charles McKean

in Victorian Dundee: Image and Realities

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9781845860912
eISBN:
9781474406062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781845860912.003.0008
Subject:
Society and Culture, Scottish Studies

Dundee became an industrial city during the nineteenth century. Although still dependent on its ever-expanding harbour, it was no longer merely a seaport or entrepôt but a major manufacturing centre, ... More


The Man Who Ate the Cannibals

Marc Flandreau

in Anthropologists in the Stock Exchange: A Financial History of Victorian Science

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226360300
eISBN:
9780226360584
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226360584.003.0011
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Global

Drawing on the previous chapters and on new evidence of the way Hyde Clarke straddled finance and science, this chapter provides a new narrative of the way the Anthropological Society was brought ... More


Marshall, Texas, 1883–1909

Will Guzmán

in Civil Rights in the Texas Borderlands: Dr. Lawrence A. Nixon and Black Activism

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252038921
eISBN:
9780252096884
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252038921.003.0002
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter presents a historical analysis of Nixon's character and his formative years growing up in the racially charged South. He was born on February 9, 1883, to Jennie Valerie Engledow and ... More


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