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Precision and Controversy: The use of direct radiocarbon age estimates

Andrew J. Lawson

in Painted Caves: Palaeolithic Rock Art in Western Europe

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199698226
eISBN:
9780191804908
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199698226.003.0004
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter first discusses the development of the radiocarbon dating technique and the application of radiocarbon dating, or more precisely Accelerator Mass Spectrometry (AMS) dating to rock art ... More


Radiocarbon Dates and the Late Prehistory of Tampa Bay

Robert J. Austin, Jeffrey M. Mitchem, and Brent R. Weisman

in New Histories of Pre-Columbian Florida

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780813049366
eISBN:
9780813050140
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813049366.003.0006
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

Establishing the contemporaneity of archaeological deposits from different sites, correlating archaeological occupations with climatic events, and examining periods of transition between major ... More


The New Archaeology and the Classical Archaeologist

Anthony Snodgrass

in Archaeology and the Emergence of Greece

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748623334
eISBN:
9780748653577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748623334.003.0003
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

There exists a more-than-century-old tradition of archaeology in the Mediterranean lands and the Near East. Because of the historical importance of the civilisations with which it deals, it occupies ... More


The Model: Introduction and Chronology Construction

Robert J. Hommon

in The Ancient Hawaiian State: Origins of a Political Society

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199916122
eISBN:
9780199332823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199916122.003.0014
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical, World History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter summarizes elements of the Hawaiian state emergence model and its chronological basis. The emergence of the Hawaiian states comprised transformation of traditional Polynesian features, ... More


Explaining Colla War: Pukaras through Time

Elizabeth N. Arkush

in Hillforts of the Ancient Andes: Colla Warfare, Society, and Landscape

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813035260
eISBN:
9780813039107
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813035260.003.0006
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

This chapter examines the pukara chronology and its implications for understanding the causes of warfare in this context. Radiocarbon dates show that the pukaras did not evolve gradually over time ... More


Sources of evidence for the origin and spread of domesticated plants

Daniel Zohary, Ehud Weiss, and Maria Hopf*

in Domestication of Plants in the Old World: The origin and spread of domesticated plants in Southwest Asia, Europe, and the Mediterranean Basin

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199549061
eISBN:
9780191810046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199549061.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter reviews the main sources of archaeological evidence on which the present-day assessment of crop-plant evolution is derived. The recovery of species of plant fossils during archaeological ... More


The Cultural Sequence during the Formative Period in the Valley of Colima

Laura Almendros López

in Ancient West Mexicos: Time, Space, and Diversity

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780813066349
eISBN:
9780813058566
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813066349.003.0002
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

The Formative period in Colima has been treated extensively in the archaeological literature, but it—particularly its Capacha phase—remains among the most misunderstood and controversial pre-Hispanic ... More


Three Low-Frequency Climate in the Mesa Verde Region: beef pasture revisited

Aaron M. Wright

in Emergence and Collapse of Early Villages: Models of Central Mesa Verde Archaeology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780520270145
eISBN:
9780520951990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520270145.003.0003
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

Low-frequency climate records, available from pollen depositional sequences, provide an important adjunct to the high-frequency paleoclimate records provided by tree-ring research. Resampling of Beef ... More


Aeolian Environments

Eduard Koster

in The Physical Geography of Western Europe

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199277759
eISBN:
9780191917639
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199277759.003.0017
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Physical Geography and Topography

The literature on aeolian processes and on aeolian morphological and sedimentological features has shown a dramatic increase during the last decade. A variety of textbooks, extensive reviews, and ... More


Elegy for the Mastodon

Sharon Levy

in Once and Future Giants: What Ice Age Extinctions Tell Us About the Fate of Earth's Largest Animals

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780195370126
eISBN:
9780190267766
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195370126.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter provides an overview of the arguments and counter-arguments regarding the extinction of the mastodons, large extinct herbivores in Orange County, Hudson Valley in New York. It examines ... More


Zoological Perspectives on the Late Glacial

D. W. Yalden

in Palaeolithic Cave Art at Creswell Crags in European Context

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199299171
eISBN:
9780191917714
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199299171.003.0010
Subject:
Archaeology, European Archaeology

Enough mammal specimens of Late Glacial date from the British Isles have been subjected to radiocarbon dating to provide a reliable outline of the likely large mammal ... More


Excavations and Investigations at Site 50–30–01–196, Nu‘alolo Kai, 1958–1990

Julie S. Field

in Abundance and Resilience: Farming and Foraging in Ancient Kaua'i

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824839895
eISBN:
9780824868369
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824839895.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Pacific Studies

This chapter focuses on the archaeological excavations and investigations conducted at site 50–30–01–196 of Nuʻalolo Kai between 1958 and 1990. Bishop Museum initiated the first excavations at ... More


Temporal Changes in Mortuary Behavior: Evidence from the Middle and Upper Nodena Sites, Arkansas

Robert C. Mainfqrt Jr. and Rita Fisher-Carroll

in Mississippian Mortuary Practices: Beyond Hierarchy and the Representationist Perspective

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813034263
eISBN:
9780813039619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813034263.003.0008
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

This essay focuses on the central Mississippi valley, more specifically late-period mortuary populations therein, that are roughly contemporary and probably date between about A.D. 1350 and 1550. ... More


VeriWcation of the Age of the Palaeolithic Cave Art at Creswell Crags

Alistair W. G. Pike and Mabs Gilmour

in Palaeolithic Cave Art at Creswell Crags in European Context

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199299171
eISBN:
9780191917714
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199299171.003.0008
Subject:
Archaeology, European Archaeology

Upon discovery of the Creswell cave art in April 2003, and a systematic survey and study of known images in June of the same year, it was believed on several grounds ... More


Revisiting the Archaeology of the Huetamo Area, Southeastern Michoacán, Mexico

José Luis Punzo Díaz, Diego Rangel, Erika Ibarra, Jesús Zarco, and Mijaely Castañón

in Ancient West Mexicos: Time, Space, and Diversity

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780813066349
eISBN:
9780813058566
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813066349.003.0004
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

The Middle Balsas region of southeastern Michoacán contains a wealth of densely concentrated archaeological sites, but remains severely understudied. The chapter first summarizes the limited previous ... More


El Castillo, Cantabria, Spain with Las Chimeneas, Las Monedas, and La Pasiega

Andrew J. Lawson

in Painted Caves: Palaeolithic Rock Art in Western Europe

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199698226
eISBN:
9780191804908
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199698226.003.0010
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter describes the caves of El Castillo, Las Chimeneas, Las Monedas, and La Pasiega and their artwork. The caves display an unequalled array of subjects, techniques, compositions, styles, and ... More


Recent Field Investigations at Co Loa

Nam C. Kim

in The Origins of Ancient Vietnam

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780199980888
eISBN:
9780190268879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199980888.003.0008
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter details recent fieldwork at the site of Co Loa. Excavations and unprecedented chronological determinations show general periods of construction. Included in the chapter is information ... More


The Neolithic Near East: An Overview

Karina Croucher

in Death and Dying in the Neolithic Near East

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199693955
eISBN:
9780191804847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199693955.003.0002
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter provides an overview of the Neolithic Near East, with particular emphasis on its history and geography. It also discusses approaches to the chronology of the prehistory of the Near East, ... More


The peat archives

Håkan Rydin and John K. Jeglum

in The Biology of Peatlands

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199602995
eISBN:
9780191810138
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199602995.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter deals with peat archives, focusing on the Holocene with a brief mention of the Pleistocene. It considers the microscopic study of peat, the dating and chronology of peat profiles, ... More


The Garden of Eden Moment

Roger Wagner and Andrew Briggs

in The Penultimate Curiosity: How Science Swims in the Slipstream of Ultimate Questions

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198747956
eISBN:
9780191810909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198747956.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter considers when, where, and how the ‘Garden of Eden moment’ occurred, i.e., human beings’ creation of symbolic representations of others through various forms of image-making such as cave ... More


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