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Introduction: Stories of the Birth of Modern Alchemy

Mark S. Morrisson

in Modern Alchemy: Occultism and the Emergence of Atomic Theory

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195306965
eISBN:
9780199785414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306965.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This introductory chapter begins with a brief history of alchemy. It then discusses the alchemical revival in occult circles, which helped inform and was profoundly shaped by the emerging science of ... More


Isotope Geochemistry

Thomas S. Bianchi

in Biogeochemistry of Estuaries

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195160826
eISBN:
9780197562048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195160826.003.0015
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Geochemistry

There is a broad spectrum (approximately 1700) of radioactive isotopes (or radionuclides) that are useful tools for measuring rates of processes on Earth. ... More


New knowledge for new purposes

Sean F. Johnston

in The Neutron's Children: Nuclear Engineers and the Shaping of Identity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199692118
eISBN:
9780191740732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692118.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter surveys the intellectual and geographical terrain of early nuclear energy and introduces themes that will be at the core of the book. In setting the scene, it argues that international ... More


Nuclear specialists at work

Sean F. Johnston

in The Neutron's Children: Nuclear Engineers and the Shaping of Identity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199692118
eISBN:
9780191740732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692118.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

For practising engineers, the most pragmatic expression of technical identity was defined in the workplace. This chapter focuses on nuclear specialists via their jobs. During the 1950s, workers from ... More


Systems Containing only a Single Nucleus

Finn Aaserud and John L. Heilbron

in Love, Literature, and the Quantum Atom: Niels Bohr’s 1913 Trilogy Revisited

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199680283
eISBN:
9780191760228
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199680283.003.0016
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter presents Part II of a paper by Niels Bohr on systems containing a single nucleus. The paper is organized as follows. Section 2 deals with the configuration and stability of the systems. ... More


Permissible Dose: A History of Radiation Protection in the Twentieth Century

Samuel Walker

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520223288
eISBN:
9780520924840
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520223288.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

How much radiation is too much? This book examines the evolution, over more than a hundred years, of radiation protection standards and efforts to ensure radiation safety for nuclear workers and for ... More


It Isn't Fair: Environmental Pollution Disasters and Community Relocations

Moore Colleen F.

in Silent Scourge: Children, Pollution, and Why Scientists Disagree

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195153910
eISBN:
9780199846986
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195153910.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

This chapter examines crises and disasters that resulted from environmental pollution. It deals with pollution related to radioactivity and chemical wastes. In each of the pollution crises, people ... More


God, the Master Craftsman

John H. Lienhard

in Title Pages

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195135831
eISBN:
9780197565483
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195135831.003.0004
Subject:
Environmental Science, Social Impact of Environmental Issues

Adam awoke on the eighth day of creation, measuring his newly gained creative powers. In a harsh, forbidding world, somewhere to the east of Eden, Adam flexed new ... More


Control

Robert Pool

in Beyond Engineering: How Society Shapes Technology

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195107722
eISBN:
9780197561027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195107722.003.0012
Subject:
Environmental Science, Social Impact of Environmental Issues

Texas Utilities is a big company. Through its subsidiary, TU Electric, it provides electric service to a large chunk of Texas, including the Dallas- Fort Worth ... More


French Nuclear Energy: Concentrated Power

Kathleen Araújo

in Low Carbon Energy Transitions: Turning Points in National Policy and Innovation

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199362554
eISBN:
9780197562901
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199362554.003.0008
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Sustainability

Nuclear energy is one of the most significant sources of low carbon energy in use in the power sector today. In 2013, nuclear energy represented roughly 11% of the ... More


Business

Robert Pool

in Beyond Engineering: How Society Shapes Technology

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195107722
eISBN:
9780197561027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195107722.003.0008
Subject:
Environmental Science, Social Impact of Environmental Issues

In January 1975, the magazine Popular Electronics trumpeted the beginnings of a revolution. “Project Breakthrough,” the cover said: “World’s First Minicomputer Kit to ... More


Complexity

Robert Pool

in Beyond Engineering: How Society Shapes Technology

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195107722
eISBN:
9780197561027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195107722.003.0009
Subject:
Environmental Science, Social Impact of Environmental Issues

Things used to be so simple. In the old days, a thousand generations ago or so, human technology wasn’t much more complicated than the twigs stripped of leaves that ... More


Euroepiphanies

Eugene Halton

in The Great Brain Suck: And Other American Epiphanies

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226314655
eISBN:
9780226314679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226314679.003.0011
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

Sometimes a crisis tests one's mettle and fires one's soul. This chapter presents a story of coping with fallout, Chernobyl-style. These reflections are offered from the author's journal, written ... More


Cold War Sex War, Or the Other Being Inside: Burroughs, Paley, Plath, Hughes

Adam Piette

in The Literary Cold War, 1945 to Vietnam

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748635276
eISBN:
9780748651771
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748635276.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century and Contemporary Literature

This chapter discusses the conflicting views of male and female writers on the Cold War nuclear programme. It looks at the mothers's concern that the nuclear tests were releasing radioactivity into ... More


Element 91—Protactinium

Eric Scerri

in Title Pages

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195391312
eISBN:
9780197562758
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195391312.003.0008
Subject:
Chemistry, History of Chemistry

The first of our seven elements, protactinium, was one of the many elements correctly predicted by Mendeleev even in his early publications. This is not true of the ... More


Artificial Radioactivity

Roger H. Stuewer

in The Age of Innocence: Nuclear Physics between the First and Second World Wars

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780198827870
eISBN:
9780191866586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198827870.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

Frédéric Joliot discovered artificial radioactivity on January 11, 1934, when he bombarded aluminum with polonium alpha particles and produced a radioactive isotope of phosphorus that decayed by ... More


Radium and the Secret of Life

Luis A. Campos

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780226238272
eISBN:
9780226238302
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226238302.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Radium and the Secret of Life reveals the numerous and powerful interconnections between radium and life in the first half of the twentieth century: in the early history of the physics and chemistry ... More


Helium and the Age of the Earth

David Fisher

in Much Ado about (Practically) Nothing: A History of the Noble Gases

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195393965
eISBN:
9780197562796
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195393965.003.0009
Subject:
Chemistry, History of Chemistry

Until nearly the end of the Nineteenth century, nobody was particularly interested in the age of the earth except a few theologians. In the second century A.D., the ... More


Strange Rays

James Lawrence Powell

in Four Revolutions in the Earth Sciences: From Heresy to Truth

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231164481
eISBN:
9780231538459
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231164481.003.0005
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This chapter focuses on the initiatives of various physicists and chemists to explore the strange new rays called X-rays that were discovered by Wilhelm Röntgen in 1895. The decade of the 1890s was a ... More


An Hourglass of Great Precision

James Lawrence Powell

in Four Revolutions in the Earth Sciences: From Heresy to Truth

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231164481
eISBN:
9780231538459
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231164481.003.0006
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This chapter takes a historical look at the experiments carried out by Ernest Rutherford to determine the age of the Earth. In 1903, Rutherford performed an experiment in which he separated the alpha ... More


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