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Semiconductor Detector Systems

Helmuth Spieler

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198527848
eISBN:
9780191713248
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527848.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Semiconductor sensors patterned at the micron scale combined with custom-designed integrated circuits have revolutionized semiconductor radiation detector systems. Designs covering many square meters ... More


Degradation and improvement of crystal perfection

Naomi E. Chayen, John R. Helliwell, and Edward H. Snell

in Macromolecular Crystallization and Crystal Perfection

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199213252
eISBN:
9780191707575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213252.003.0014
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

The diffraction properties of a crystal can be degraded by a number of factors. These include age, X‐ray radiation damage, cryocooling to mitigate this damage, and dehydration effects. Some, ... More


DETECTOR SYSTEMS

Helmuth Spieler

in Semiconductor Detector Systems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198527848
eISBN:
9780191713248
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527848.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter discusses conflicts and compromises in detector systems and illustrates different design approaches in a variety of applications. After a discussion of general design considerations, ... More


HREM IN BIOLOGY, ORGANIC CRYSTALS, AND RADIATION DAMAGE

JOHN C. H. SPENCE

in High-Resolution Electron Microscopy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199552757
eISBN:
9780191708664
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199552757.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter discusses the relationship between ‘absorption’ and phase contrast for biological imaging. It then discusses the theory for imaging single atoms, with full detail of an experimental ... More


Macromolecular Crystallization and Crystal Perfection

Naomi E. Chayen, John R. Helliwell, and Edward H. Snell

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199213252
eISBN:
9780191707575
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213252.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

Structural crystallography provides key information to understand the mechanism involved for biological processes. The technique requires high‐quality crystals. The book Macromolecular ... More


Instrumental Aspects

Richard Wigmans

in Calorimetry: Energy Measurement in Particle Physics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780198786351
eISBN:
9780191828652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198786351.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

This chapter deals with the practical aspects of designing, building and operating calorimeters. These aspects concern the structure of the detector (longitudinal and lateral segmentation, projective ... More


Semiconductor detectors

Hermann Kolanoski and Norbert Wermes

in Particle Detectors: Fundamentals and Applications

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780198858362
eISBN:
9780191890710
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198858362.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Already since the early 1960s semiconductor detectors have been employed in nuclear physics, in particular for gamma ray energy measurement. This chapter concentrates on position sensitive ... More


Imaging molecules: radiation damage

John C. H. Spence

in High-Resolution Electron Microscopy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199668632
eISBN:
9780191749322
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199668632.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Chapter 6 is devoted to the imaging of radiation-sensitive materials, such as organic material, at high resolution using electron microscopy. The methods of single-particle imaging in cryo-electron ... More


THE H-CENTRE AND OTHER INTRINSIC INTERSTITIALS

A.M. Stoneham

in Theory of Defects in Solids: Electronic Structure of Defects in Insulators and Semiconductors

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507802
eISBN:
9780191709920
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507802.003.0019
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Interstitial atoms and ions can often move rapidly through a crystal, and quickly form aggregates. The H-centre (interstitial atom in a halide) forms a molecular ion that can be observed readily. It ... More


Neural Growth in the Cerebral Cortex after Lesions Produced by Monoenergetic Deuterons

Rose Jerzy E., Malis Leonard I., and Baker Charles P.

in Sensory Communication

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262518420
eISBN:
9780262314213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262518420.003.0016
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

This chapter posits the possibility of producing, by means of monoenergetic deuterons, narrow lesions within the cerebral cortex in which all nerve cells are destroyed. Such lesions, which are ... More


Intensity measurements

David Blow

in Outline of Crystallography for Biologists

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198510512
eISBN:
9780191919244
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198510512.003.0011
Subject:
Chemistry, Crystallography: Chemistry

Once a suitable crystal has been obtained, a molecular structure investigation requires measurement of the intensities of as many Bragg reflections as possible. In this chapter, some of the options ... More


Making the Best Use of Beamtime

Eaton E. Lattman, Thomas D. Grant, and Edward H. Snell

in Biological Small Angle Scattering: Theory and Practice

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780199670871
eISBN:
9780191749575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199670871.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

Extracting information from scattering data is very sensitive to the quality of the data. In this chapter data quality characterization is described, including initial data processing procedures to ... More


Examples of Data Collection and Processing

Eaton E. Lattman, Thomas D. Grant, and Edward H. Snell

in Biological Small Angle Scattering: Theory and Practice

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780199670871
eISBN:
9780191749575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199670871.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

This chapter provides a detailed example of SAXS data analysis from a well behaving system. After collecting the SAXS data, several data analysis procedures are illustrated to ensure the data were of ... More


Outline of a crystal structure determination

Jenny Pickworth Glusker and Kenneth N. Trueblood

in Crystal Structure Analysis: A Primer

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199576340
eISBN:
9780191917905
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199576340.003.0024
Subject:
Chemistry, Crystallography: Chemistry

The stages in a crystal structure analysis by diffraction methods are summarized in Figure 14.1 for a substance with fewer than about 1000 atoms. The principal steps are: (1) First it is necessary ... More


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