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Racial/Colour Categorization in US and Brazilian Censuses

Melissa Nobles

in Categories and Contexts: Anthropological and Historical Studies in Critical Demography

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199270576
eISBN:
9780191600883
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270570.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

Provides an abbreviated history of racial categorization in American and Brazilian censuses from each country's first census in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries up through the 2000 census. It ... More


Performing Scientificity: Race, Science, and Politics in the USA and Germany after the Second World War1

Holger Droessler

in Black Knowledges/Black Struggles: Essays in Critical Epistemology

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781781381724
eISBN:
9781781382257
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781781381724.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter traces the postwar battle for scientific authority and political influence between the older guard of physical anthropologists and the rising group of social scientists in a ... More


Picturing Jews: Iconography and Racial Science

Mitchell Hart

in Studies in Contemporary Jewry: XI: Values, Interests, and Identity: Jews and Politics in a Changing World

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195103311
eISBN:
9780199854585
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195103311.003.0010
Subject:
History, History of Religion

This chapter examines the role of visual images of Jews in social scientific texts produced by Jewish and non-Jewish writers, and illuminates the continuities and discontinuities in approaches to the ... More


Racial Metaphors: Interpreting Sex and AIDS in Africa

Eileen Stillwaggon

in AIDS and the Ecology of Poverty

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195169270
eISBN:
9780199783427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195169271.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter examines Western preconceptions regarding African sexuality that distorted early research on the social context of AIDS in Africa and continue to limit the scope of preventive policies. ... More


Introduction

Amos Morris-Reich

in Race and Photography: Racial Photography as Scientific Evidence, 1876-1980

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226320748
eISBN:
9780226320915
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226320915.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The Introduction frames the study of racial photography as scientific evidence. Based on the works of Lorraine Daston and Ian Hacking, the chapter develops the notion of “practical epistemology” as a ... More


Race and Photography: Racial Photography as Scientific Evidence, 1876-1980

Amos Morris-Reich

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226320748
eISBN:
9780226320915
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226320915.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Race and Photography studies the changing function of photography within the “science of race” from the 1870s to the 1940s and documents how such an object is defined by and simultaneously defines ... More


Introduction

Britt Rusert

in Fugitive Science: Empiricism and Freedom in Early African American Culture

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781479885688
eISBN:
9781479804702
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479885688.003.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

The introduction lays out the historical and conceptual dimensions of fugitive science, a concept that emerges out of scholarship on fugitivity in African American studies as well as the theorization ... More


A Racial Laboratory: Imperial Politics, Race Prejudice, and Mental Capacity

in Africa as a Living Laboratory: Empire, Development, and the Problem of Scientific Knowledge, 1870-1950

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226803463
eISBN:
9780226803487
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226803487.003.0006
Subject:
History, Imperialism and Colonialism

This chapter investigates the mixed fortunes of racial politics and racial science, and illustrates just how ambivalent imperial authorities were about privileging race as a primary prism for ... More


Epilogue

Melissa N. Stein

in Measuring Manhood: Race and the Science of Masculinity, 1830-1934

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780816673025
eISBN:
9781452952437
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816673025.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

The epilogue discusses the transition in America from viewing race as biological to viewing it as cultural and the continued influence of science and society on racism and racial anthropology.


Anthropology in the Aftermath: Rassenkunde, Racial Hygiene, and the End of the Liberal Tradition

in Anthropology at War: World War I and the Science of Race in Germany

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226222677
eISBN:
9780226222691
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226222691.003.0007
Subject:
Anthropology, European Cultural Anthropology

This chapter examines anthropology in the aftermath of the conflict. The impact of the war continued to be felt long after 1918, not only through the hardships of difficult daily working conditions ... More


Africa as a Living Laboratory: Empire, Development, and the Problem of Scientific Knowledge, 1870-1950

Helen Tilley

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226803463
eISBN:
9780226803487
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226803487.001.0001
Subject:
History, Imperialism and Colonialism

Tropical Africa was one of the last regions of the world to experience formal European colonialism, a process that coincided with the advent of a range of new scientific specialties and research ... More


Conclusion

Britt Rusert

in Fugitive Science: Empiricism and Freedom in Early African American Culture

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781479885688
eISBN:
9781479804702
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479885688.003.0007
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

The conclusion reviews the various ways that African American writers, artists, and performers responded to racial science in the age of comparative anatomy, from critiquing and deconstructing it, to ... More


Impure Thoughts: Johann Blumenbach and the Birth of Racial Science

Terence Keel

in Divine Variations: How Christian Thought Became Racial Science

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780804795401
eISBN:
9781503604377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804795401.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Chapter 1 examines the thought of the eighteenth-century ethnologist Johann F. Blumenbach, whose 1775 work On the Natural Variety of Mankind is often represented as precipitating the secular turn in ... More


Fugitive Science: Empiricism and Freedom in Early African American Culture

Britt Rusert

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781479885688
eISBN:
9781479804702
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479885688.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

This book offers a new history of race and science in the nineteenth century through the lens of early African American literature, visual culture, and performance. Across five chapters, the book ... More


“A Story Written on Her Face”: Pauline Hopkins’s Unmaking of the Inherited Character of Race

James B. Salazar

in Bodies of Reform: The Rhetoric of Character in Gilded Age America

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814741306
eISBN:
9780814786536
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814741306.003.0004
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

This chapter considers the vexed role played by the rhetoric of character in articulating the physiognomic taxonomies of racial science but also in mobilizing challenges to the corporeal schemas of ... More


“All are alike designed for freedom”: Humboldt on Race and Slavery

in The Passage to Cosmos: Alexander von Humboldt and the Shaping of America

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226871820
eISBN:
9780226871844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226871844.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter considers Humboldt's views on race and slavery. Humboldt played a key role in American abolitionism or the trajectory of racial science. He was the only major scientist during the ... More


Delany’s Comet: Blake; or, The Huts of America

Britt Rusert

in Fugitive Science: Empiricism and Freedom in Early African American Culture

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781479885688
eISBN:
9781479804702
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479885688.003.0005
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

Turning to the publication of Martin Delany’s serial novel, Blake; or the Huts of America, in the Anglo-African Magazine in 1859, this chapter argues that black experiments with natural science ... More


Exploring Victorian Travel Literature: Disease, Race and Climate

Jessica Howell

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780748692958
eISBN:
9781474400824
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748692958.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

This interdisciplinary study explores both the personal and political significance of climate in the Victorian imagination. It analyses foreboding imagery of miasma, sludge and rot in travel ... More


Eugenics in the Public’s Eye

Michael Yudell and J. Craig Venter

in Race Unmasked: Biology and Race in the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231168748
eISBN:
9780231537995
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231168748.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This chapter details the events of the Second International Congress of Eugenics held at the American Museum of Natural History. To Henry Fairfield Osborn, museum director and paleontologist, ... More


Making Racial Beauty in the United States: Toward a History of Black Beauty

Stephanie M. H. Camp

in Connexions: Histories of Race and Sex in North America

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252040399
eISBN:
9780252098819
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252040399.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This chapter argues that the tenacity of the hegemonic “white standard of beauty” ideal arises from the fact that its origins reach far back in time and deep into the nature of American racial ... More


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