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The Problem of Disproportionate Racial Impact

Richard S. Frase

in Just Sentencing: Principles and Procedures for a Workable System

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199757862
eISBN:
9780199979547
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199757862.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter addresses the persistent problem of racial disproportionality in prison and jail populations. The chapter examines the apparent causes of this problem, within and outside the criminal ... More


The Child Welfare System as Context

Wendy B. Smith

in Youth Leaving Foster Care: A Developmental, Relationship-Based Approach to Practice

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195375596
eISBN:
9780199893355
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195375596.003.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

Chapter 1 introduces the child welfare system and provides basic understanding of the policy context and foster care itself. The chapter presents a brief history of child welfare in the US, ... More


Policy Implications and Directions for Future Research

Wendy B. Smith

in Youth Leaving Foster Care: A Developmental, Relationship-Based Approach to Practice

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195375596
eISBN:
9780199893355
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195375596.003.0013
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

Chapter 13 is divided between policy and research. The policy section discusses agenda-setting and the social construction of the “problem” of youth leaving care. Policy issues affecting children ... More


Extending Inequality

Aaron Kupchik

in The Real School Safety Problem: The Long-Term Consequences of Harsh School Punishment

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780520284197
eISBN:
9780520959842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520284197.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Education

Chapter 3 focuses on how current school security and punishment practices actually increase inequality, particularly racial inequality. It describes the body of evidence showing that youth of color, ... More


The Real School Safety Problem: The Long-Term Consequences of Harsh School Punishment

Aaron Kupchik

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780520284197
eISBN:
9780520959842
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520284197.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Education

Since the 1990s, K-12 schools across the U.S. have changed in important ways in an effort to maintain safe schools. They have added police officers, surveillance cameras, zero tolerance policies, and ... More


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