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Black Man in the White House: Ideology and Implicit Racial Bias in the Age of Obama

Kristin A. Lane and John T. Jost

in The Obamas and a (Post) Racial America?

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199735204
eISBN:
9780199894581
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735204.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter discusses questions of racial bias and political ideology in the context of Barack Obama’s 2008 historical election and the first year of his presidency. In contrast to various claims ... More


The Obamas and a (Post) Racial America?

Gregory Parks and Matthew Hughey (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199735204
eISBN:
9780199894581
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735204.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Since the milestone election of Barack Hussein Obama on November 4, 2008, some have wondered whether the United States can now be considered a post-racial nation. According to this book's ... More


Mental Control and Visual Illusions: Errors of Action and Construal in Race-Based Weapon Misidentification

Mark B. Stokes and B. Keith Payne

in The Science of Social Vision

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195333176
eISBN:
9780199864324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333176.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Vision, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter describes a research program examining the influence of race bias on visual perception, and focuses on disentangling the various ways in which we can describe these biases as perceptual. ... More


Self-Regulation in Intergroup Relations: A Social Neuroscience Framework

David M. Amodio

in Social Neuroscience: Toward Understanding the Underpinnings of the Social Mind

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195316872
eISBN:
9780199893324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195316872.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter describes a social neuroscience framework of the processes through which racial biases are activated and controlled. It begins by reviewing the prevalent dual-process model of prejudice ... More


. The Realities and Consequences of Unconscious Antiblack Bias among BGLO Members

Shanette C. Porter and Gregory S. Parks

in Black Greek-Letter Organizations 2.0: New Directions in the Study of African American Fraternities and Sororities

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2014
ISBN:
9781604739213
eISBN:
9781604739220
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781604739213.003.0008
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter examines the unconscious antiblack bias held by members of black Greek-letter organizations (BGLOs) and shows that BGLO members adopt many of the same pro-white biases as nonmembers. It ... More


The Murder of Yusef Hawkins

Lynn S. Chancer

in High-Profile Crimes: When Legal Cases Become Social Causes

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226101125
eISBN:
9780226101132
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226101132.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter analyzes the murder of 16-year-old African American Yusef Hawkins in Bensonhurst in Brooklyn, New York City on April23, 1989. Like the Central Park jogger case, the murder of Hawkins ... More


Race, Bias, and Police Use of the TASER: Exploring the Available Evidence

Michael D. White and Jessica Saunders

in Race, Ethnicity, and Policing: New and Essential Readings

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814776155
eISBN:
9780814777480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814776155.003.0016
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter examines data on race and police use of the TASER. It investigates six different data sources, including official police data and reports, media reports, industry data, human and civil ... More


Dangerous Frames: How Ideas about Race and Gender Shape Public Opinion

Nicholas J. G. Winter

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226902364
eISBN:
9780226902388
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226902388.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

In addition to their obvious roles in American politics, race and gender also work in hidden ways to influence profoundly the way we think—and vote—about a vast array of issues that don't seem ... More


What Is Racial Profiling?

Jack Glaser

in Suspect Race: Causes and Consequences of Racial Profiling

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780195370409
eISBN:
9780190221058
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195370409.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Racial profiling is defined as the use of race or ethnicity, or proxies thereof, by law enforcement officials as a basis for judgments of criminal suspicion and is discussed as a contributing factor ... More


The Obama Effect on Racial Attitudes: A Review of the Research

Curtis A. Thompson and Lori A. Barker

in Obama on Our Minds: The Impact of Obama on the Psyche of America

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780199390618
eISBN:
9780190627959
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199390618.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The Obama Effect refers to changes in attitudes that occur as a result of exposure to Barack Obama, a positive exemplar who defies negative stereotypes about African Americans. Obama’s election as ... More


Racial Attitudes among Whites, Blacks, Latinos, and Asian Americans

in The Paradoxes of Integration: Race, Neighborhood, and Civic Life in Multiethnic America

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226626628
eISBN:
9780226626642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226626642.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

America's increasing racial diversity is coupled with the growing complexity of its residents' racial attitudes. While racial and ethnic identity in the country has always been a fluid and contested ... More


Introduction

Robin S. Engel

in Race, Ethnicity, and Policing: New and Essential Readings

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814776155
eISBN:
9780814777480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814776155.003.0023
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This introductory chapter briefly explores the history and development of research on racial profiling conducted by the police and describes the method itself. The practice of targeting racial ... More


Suspect Race: Causes and Consequences of Racial Profiling

Jack Glaser

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780195370409
eISBN:
9780190221058
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195370409.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This book provides a clear understanding of how stereotypes, even those operating outside of conscious awareness or control, can cause police to make discriminatory judgments and decisions about whom ... More


Changing the Course of Race Relations in America: From Prevention of Discrimination to Promotion of Racial Equality

John F. Dovidio

in Obama on Our Minds: The Impact of Obama on the Psyche of America

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780199390618
eISBN:
9780190627959
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199390618.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

In this chapter, John Dovidio explains how the election of President Barack Obama has the potential to transform race relations in the United States substantially because it psychologically reframes ... More


Jury Selection in the Post-Batson Era

Barbara O’Brien and Catherine M. Grosso

in Criminal Juries in the 21st Century: Psychological Science and the Law

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780190658113
eISBN:
9780190658144
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190658113.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

In Batson v. Kentucky (1986), the US Supreme Court sought to eradicate racial discrimination in jury selection by prohibiting the exercise of peremptory strikes based on race. This chapter reviews ... More


Social Contract

Lasana T. Harris

in Invisible Mind: Flexible Social Cognition and Dehumanization

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035965
eISBN:
9780262339049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035965.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The ninth chapter argues that the law punishes bad minds, not bad people; as a result, social cognition is paramount in legal decision-making. It then reviews the psychological literature on ... More


Black Sheep versus In-Group Favoritism

Jan-Willem van Prooijen

in The Moral Punishment Instinct

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780190609979
eISBN:
9780190610005
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190609979.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Sometimes people punish offenders from their own group more severely than offenders from a different group (the “black sheep effect”). At other times, however, people punish offenders from a ... More


Selective Arrests, an Ever-Expanding DNA Forensic Database, and the Specter of an Early Twenty-First-Century Equivalent of Phrenology

Troy Duster

in Tactical Biopolitics: Art, Activism, and Technoscience

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262042499
eISBN:
9780262271127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262042499.003.0010
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This chapter discusses the expansion of DNA databases. It begins by pointing out the systematic bias, by race, of a full range of behaviors displayed across the criminal justice system, from the ... More


Racial Diversity and White Americans’ Support for Trade Protection

Alexandra Guisinger

in American Opinion on Trade: Preferences without Politics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780190651824
eISBN:
9780190651862
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190651824.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Chapter 6 argues that the redistributive nature of trade policy also affects individuals’ trade preferences. Trade protectionism differs from other redistributive policies both in its mechanism for ... More


Resistance and Spirituality

Angela McMillan Howell

in Raised Up Down Yonder: Growing Up Black in Rural Alabama

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9781617038815
eISBN:
9781621039761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781617038815.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This chapter examines spirituality and the oppositional style of resistance among black youth studying at Jay Ellis School in Hamilton, Alabama. It describes resistance in Hamilton in relation to ... More


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