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Race Science Captures the Prize, the U.S. Census

Kenneth Prewitt

in What Is "Your" Race?: The Census and Our Flawed Efforts to Classify Americans

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157030
eISBN:
9781400846795
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157030.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter narrates the race science story. Among the more important was the shift from simply counting races, as was needed to make the three-fifths policy work, to investigating characteristics ... More


Defying Social Science: George Oppen and Amiri Baraka

Peter Middleton

in Physics Envy: American Poetry and Science in the Cold War and After

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226290003
eISBN:
9780226290140
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226290140.003.0008
Subject:
Literature, American, 20th Century Literature

Annual special issues of Scientific American enabled the public to learn about a scientific topic and sometimes to see that scientific knowledge was provisional, the subject of dispute within the ... More


Race Science Versus Sanskrit

Thomas R. Trautmann

in Aryans and British India

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520205468
eISBN:
9780520917927
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520205468.003.0006
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter examines the language-led ethnology of the British metropole. It shows how the methods and preoccupations of British-Indian ethnologists led to the formation of anthropology, describing ... More


Aryans and British India

Thomas Trautmann

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520205468
eISBN:
9780520917927
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520205468.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

“Aryan,” a word that today evokes images of racial hatred and atrocity, was first used by Europeans to suggest bonds of kinship, as this book shows in its far-reaching history of British Orientalism ... More


The Race to Progress

Mara Loveman

in National Colors: Racial Classification and the State in Latin America

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199337354
eISBN:
9780199379491
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199337354.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

Chapter 4 documents how early national censuses from across Latin America underscored the racial particularity of populations to bolster claims of national distinctiveness. State officials fastened ... More


Speaking for Nature

Ruth Barton

in The X Club: Power and Authority in Victorian Science

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226551616
eISBN:
9780226551753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226551753.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Various controversies in the early 1860s – over Darwin’s Origin, heretical publications by clergymen, and the science and politics of race – drew Lubbock and Spottiswoode into joint action with ... More


Nat Love: A New Negro Rebel in Wide Open Spaces

Simone C. Drake

in When We Imagine Grace: Black Men and Subject Making

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226363837
eISBN:
9780226364025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226364025.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Gender Studies

This chapter argues that the African American cowboy and Pullman Porter, Nat Love, is an exemplar of how race, gender, sexuality, and class become intricately intertwined within Elizabeth Alexander’s ... More


The Ruled and Regulated Self: Medicine and Race Science in the Black New World

Andrea Stone

in Black Well-Being: Health and Selfhood in Antebellum Black Literature

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780813062570
eISBN:
9780813051604
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813062570.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, African-American Literature

Black Well-Being commences with a brief history of medicopolitical theory that contributed to systems of black subjugation, focusing in particular on the ideas of early- to mid-nineteenth-century ... More


Building the Apparatus of Immigration Control

Libby Garland

in After They Closed the Gates: Jewish Illegal Immigration to the United States, 1921-1965

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226122458
eISBN:
9780226122595
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226122595.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter explores the social and political forces of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries that produced the quotas. During this era of national anxiety over the inferiority of the ... More


Maize: An Ethnohistory

John Hartigan Jr.

in Care of the Species: Races of Corn and the Science of Plant Biodiversity

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780816685301
eISBN:
9781452958750
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816685301.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

Chapter Two explains how maize has been racialized in two distinct manners: singularly as “la raza maíz,” an emblem for indigenous or marginal peoples in Mexico, and in the plural, as with the ... More


Care of the Species: Races of Corn and the Science of Plant Biodiversity

John Hartigan Jr.

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780816685301
eISBN:
9781452958750
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816685301.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

Care of the Species contributes to debates about the concept of species through vivid ethnography, examining infrastructures of care—labs and gardens in Spain and Mexico—where plant scientists ... More


The Trouble with Post-Blackness

Houston Baker and K. Merinda Simmons (eds)

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231169349
eISBN:
9780231538503
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231169349.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, African-American Literature

An America in which the color of one’s skin no longer matters would be unprecedented. With the election of President Barack Obama in 2008, that future suddenly seemed possible. Obama’s rise reflects ... More


Follow the Species: In and Out of Labs

John Hartigan Jr.

in Care of the Species: Races of Corn and the Science of Plant Biodiversity

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780816685301
eISBN:
9781452958750
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816685301.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

Chapter One relates the history of maize genome sequencing projects, highlighting the competition between researchers in the U.S. and Mexico, then explaining how they combined to hone an “intimate ... More


Racial Thinking: Transgenics versus Razas

John Hartigan Jr.

in Care of the Species: Races of Corn and the Science of Plant Biodiversity

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780816685301
eISBN:
9781452958750
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816685301.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

Chapter Three examines racial thinking from a number of angles, beginning with the nativist anxiety over transgenic threats to the razas de maíz that has pulsated through Mexican public discourse ... More


Selfing: The Sexual History of a Species

John Hartigan Jr.

in Care of the Species: Races of Corn and the Science of Plant Biodiversity

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780816685301
eISBN:
9781452958750
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816685301.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

Chapter Four goes inside the lab, examining the genetic techniques by which the razas de maíz are broken down into mapping populations—more manageable samples of genetic structure and material. The ... More


Species Don’t Exist: Theorizing Life Forms

John Hartigan Jr.

in Care of the Species: Races of Corn and the Science of Plant Biodiversity

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780816685301
eISBN:
9781452958750
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816685301.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

Chapter Seven samples my various discussions with botanists about how the species concept holding up. Their answers are consistently surprising, provocative and insightful. Taxonomists, I learn, are ... More


Living Ethnographies: Of Plants and Arguments

John Hartigan Jr.

in Care of the Species: Races of Corn and the Science of Plant Biodiversity

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780816685301
eISBN:
9781452958750
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816685301.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

Chapter Six offers tours of the three gardens’ living collections, as well as discussions with taxonomists about how they decide what plants to display and how they organize their field collecting ... More


How to Interview a Plant: Ethnography of Life Forms

John Hartigan Jr.

in Care of the Species: Races of Corn and the Science of Plant Biodiversity

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780816685301
eISBN:
9781452958750
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816685301.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

Chapter Nine details my efforts to shift the ethnographic focus of this work onto the plants themselves. I narrate this through a nine-step, “how to” process, one that deploys “thin description” ... More


Care and Its Publics: Peopling Botanical Gardens

John Hartigan Jr.

in Care of the Species: Races of Corn and the Science of Plant Biodiversity

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780816685301
eISBN:
9781452958750
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816685301.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

Chapter Eight shifts gears to consider how publics are engaged by the gardens. This chapter shows how people varyingly interact with and respond to botanical knowledge as they encounter plants along ... More


Species Thinking: Calibrating Knowledge of Life Forms

John Hartigan Jr.

in Care of the Species: Races of Corn and the Science of Plant Biodiversity

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780816685301
eISBN:
9781452958750
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816685301.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

Chapter Five is about species thinking—the capacity for thought to move through life forms, not as specimens but as complex assemblages distended in time and space. This capacity arises from ... More


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