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Josephus in Sasanian Babylonia

Richard Kalmin

in Jewish Babylonia between Persia and Roman Palestine: Decoding the Literary Record

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195306194
eISBN:
9780199784998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195306198.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter compares rabbinic and Josephan traditions about the Sadducees. It shows that traditions in the Bavli tend to be hostile toward the Sadducees, while traditions in Palestinian compilations ... More


The Ideological Construction of Torah in the Mouth

Martin S. Jaffee

in Torah in the Mouth: Writing and Oral Tradition in Palestinian Judaism, 200 BCE - 400 CE

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195140675
eISBN:
9780199834334
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195140672.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

Traces the earliest evidence in Tannaitic texts for the idea that rabbinic halakhic tradition and other oral‐literary traditions stem from a Mosaic origin. Building upon chapter four's discussion of ... More


Further Observations on Radak's Use of Rabbinic Interpretations

Naomi Grunhaus

in The Challenge of Received Tradition: Dilemmas of Interpretation in Radak's Biblical Commentaries

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199858408
eISBN:
9780199979899
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199858408.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

In addition to the ubiquitous polarized construct, Radak uses several other “dual interpretation” formats to offer peshat alongside derash. At times he appends a rabbinic tradition to a peshat ... More


The Challenge of Received Tradition: Dilemmas of Interpretation in Radak's Biblical Commentaries

Naomi Grunhaus

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199858408
eISBN:
9780199979899
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199858408.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

During the medieval period of intense Bible study, one of the most vexing problems facing Jewish interpreters of the Hebrew Bible was how to forge ahead using the new interpretive strategy of ... More


On angels and biblical exegesis in thirteenth‐century Ashkenaz

Moshe Idel

in Scriptural Exegesis: The Shapes of Culture and the Religious Imagination: Essays in Honour of Michael Fishbane

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199206575
eISBN:
9780191709678
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199206575.003.0014
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies, Judaism

This chapter continues the theme of esoteric interpretation, considering the Ashkenazic cultural context. The traditions of the Hasidei Ashkenaz, which often build upon the earlier rabbinic ... More


The Tosefta and Its Value for Historical Research: Questioning the Historical Reliability of Case Stories

RONEN REICHMAN

in Rabbinic Texts and the History of Late-Roman Palestine

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264744
eISBN:
9780191734663
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264744.003.0008
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter examines the reliability of using the tosefta for historical research. It explains that the tosefta is a compilation of early rabbinic legal traditions which date from the first to the ... More


Piyut and Midrash: Between Poetic Invention and Rabbinic Convention

Michael Fishbane

in Midrash Unbound: Transformations and Innovations

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781904113713
eISBN:
9781800340169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781904113713.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Literature

This chapter covers the phenomenon of piyut, which is one of the comprehensive designations of Jewish liturgical poetry and an archaeology of rabbinic tradition. The piyut's major classical and early ... More


The Jewish Paradigm: From Ezekiel to the yored merkavah

Norman Russell

in The Doctrine of Deification in the Greek Patristic Tradition

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199205974
eISBN:
9780191695636
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205974.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter examines the Jewish paradigm, looking at ancient Israel, the impact of Hellenism, Palestinian Judaism, the rabbinic tradition, and the influence on Christianity. A Jewish idea of blessed ... More


Religious War in the Works of Maimonides: An Idea and Its Transit across the Medieval Mediterranean

George R. Wilkes

in Just Wars, Holy Wars, and Jihads: Christian, Jewish, and Muslim Encounters and Exchanges

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199755042
eISBN:
9780199950508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755042.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Maimonides’ notion of religious war was idiosyncratic within the rabbinic tradition. His views were rejected or ignored by many of his most ardent followers. Nevertheless, his treatment of the laws ... More


Introduction

Yaacob Dweck

in Dissident Rabbi: The Life of Jacob Sasportas

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780691183572
eISBN:
9780691189949
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691183572.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This introductory chapter provides a background of Jacob Sasportas. Around 1610, Sasportas was born in Oran, a garrison town at the edge of the Iberian Empire on the Mediterranean coast of North ... More


The Work of the Chariot and the Work of Creation as mystical teachings in Philo of Alexandria: Translated from the Hebrew by James Jacobson‐Maisels

Yehuda Liebes

in Scriptural Exegesis: The Shapes of Culture and the Religious Imagination: Essays in Honour of Michael Fishbane

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199206575
eISBN:
9780191709678
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199206575.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies, Judaism

This chapter demonstrates that Philo of Alexandria considered the Work of the Chariot and the Work of Creation (i.e. Ezek 1 and 10, and Gen 1) to be domains of esoteric knowledge that must be ... More


The Miracle of the Septuagint in Ancient Rabbinic and Christian Literature

Richard Kalmin

in Migrating Tales

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780520277250
eISBN:
9780520958999
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520277250.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Religions

This chapter examines a non-rabbinic tradition that originated in the Roman East during the early centuries of the Common Era. In rabbinic Christian literature, this tradition is attested in the ... More


The Sacrifice of the Souls of the Righteous upon the Heavenly Altar: Transformations of Apocalyptic Traditions in Medieval Ashkenaz

Paul Mandel (ed.)

in Regional Identities and Cultures of Medieval Jews

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781906764678
eISBN:
9781800343399
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781906764678.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter describes the surprising motif found in early medieval rabbinic traditions that appears in some manuscripts of the Babylonian Talmud and concerns the sacrifice of 'the souls of the ... More


On Sin, Penance, and Purgation

Susan Weissman

in Final Judgement and the Dead in Medieval Jewish Thought

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781906764975
eISBN:
9781800851085
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781906764975.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter evaluates R. Judah the Pious's position on posthumous punishment as compared with rabbinic tradition and tosafist commentary. It assess his views on the matter in light of the changes ... More


Are You Not a Man of God?: Hannah, Hysteria, and the Roots of Jewish Prayer

Tova Hartman and Charlie Buckholtz

in Are You Not a Man of God?: Devotion, Betrayal, and Social Criticism in Jewish Tradition

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199337439
eISBN:
9780199362370
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199337439.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Judaism, Religion and Literature

This chapter examines the biblical figure of Hannah, whom the Talmud elevates into a central paradigm for Jewish prayer. It explains that through a series of provocative midrashim, the Talmud ... More


Historical Precedents and Contexts

Ada Rapoport-Albert

in Women and the Messianic Heresy of Sabbatai Zevi, 1666 - 1816

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781906764807
eISBN:
9781800343269
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781906764807.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter analyses the rabbinic traditions that were inherited from four women who were called by the title of prophetess: Miriam, Deborah, Huldah, and Noadiah. It discusses how the Bible ... More


The Nature of Hasidic Prayer

Louis Jacobs

in Hasidic Prayer

Published in print:
1984
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780197100240
eISBN:
9781800340312
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9780197100240.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter considers the nature of Hasidic prayer, which is central to early Hasidic life. It reveals how the Hasidic elevation of prayer over other religious duties, even over that of study of the ... More


The Law of Robbery

David Novak

in Image of the Non-Jew in Judaism: A Historical and Constructive Study of the Noahide Laws

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781906764074
eISBN:
9781800340527
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781906764074.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter focuses on the prohibition of robbery, which is based on the principle that society is necessary for human flourishing. And a central element of the construction of any human society is ... More


Conclusion: The Levite Legacy

Mark Leuchter

in The Levites and the Boundaries of Israelite Identity

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780190665098
eISBN:
9780190665128
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190665098.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

The cumulative effects of the historical and intellectual developments discussed in this volume left a deep impression on the Jewish literature of the Late Persian and Hellenistic periods. Chronicles ... More


The Law of Adjudication

David Novak

in Image of the Non-Jew in Judaism: A Historical and Constructive Study of the Noahide Laws

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781906764074
eISBN:
9781800340527
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781906764074.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter discusses the law of adjudication. The rabbinic tradition presents two divergent positions on the nature of the law of adjudication. The first position, articulated most fully by ... More


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