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On Existentialism

Alvin Plantinga

in Essays in the Metaphysics of Modality

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195103762
eISBN:
9780199833573
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195103769.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Existentialism is the claim that quidditative properties and singular propositions are ontologically dependent upon the individuals they involve. In this essay, I consider two arguments for ... More


Fourth Class (P. 7): On Existence and Its Causes

Shams Inati

in Ibn Sina's Remarks and Admonitions: Physics and Metaphysics: An Analysis and Annotated Translation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231166164
eISBN:
9780231537421
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231166164.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In this Class, Ibn Sina discusses existence and its causes. Ibn Sina argues that there is an uncaused being that causes the existence of all other things. He first asserts that existence in an ... More


Ontology and Intelligibility

Christopher Peacocke

in The Primacy of Metaphysics

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780198835578
eISBN:
9780191873751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198835578.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Four examples plausibly overstep the limits of intelligibility: Newtonian absolute space and time, certain conceptions of possibilia, quiddities, and Cartesian egos. This chapter argues that the ... More


Competing Theories of Powers

William Jaworski

in Structure and the Metaphysics of Mind: How Hylomorphism Solves the Mind-Body Problem

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780198749561
eISBN:
9780191813955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198749561.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Chapter 4 articulated and defended the identity theory of powers. This chapter criticizes competing theories of powers, categoricalist theories chief among them. These theories are committed to ... More


Outsourcing the Object: Divine Illumination I: Early Franciscans and Henry of Ghent

Marilyn McCord Adams

in Housing the Powers: Medieval Debates about Dependence on God

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
February 2022
ISBN:
9780192862549
eISBN:
9780191953606
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192862549.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Chapters 5 and 6 deal with ideas about outsourcing the object, rather than the subject, of understanding or cognition. They begin in Chapter 5 with the Augustinian Platonist thought that in order to ... More


Russellian Monism to the Rescue?

Michael Tye

in Vagueness and the Evolution of Consciousness: Through the Looking Glass

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
August 2021
ISBN:
9780198867234
eISBN:
9780191904035
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198867234.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter elaborates two standard versions of a view of consciousness known as Russellian Monism. The key idea of this view is that the fundamental entities in micro-reality have intrinsic natures ... More


Absence of Self, and the Net of Indra

Graham Priest

in One: Being an Investigation into the Unity of Reality and of its Parts, including the Singular Object which is Nothingness

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780199688258
eISBN:
9780191767586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199688258.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that every object is empty of self-nature. First, it argues that what it is to be a particular person — their quiddity — is to be a locus in a network of relations to other ... More


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