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Network Epidemiology: A Handbook for Survey Design and Data Collection

Martina Morris (ed.)

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199269013
eISBN:
9780191601330
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199269017.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

For epidemiologists and public health professionals, the global epidemic of HIV/AIDS has provoked a fundamental re-examination of infectious disease prevention and the research needed to support it. ... More


Principles of Exposure Measurement in Epidemiology: Collecting, Evaluating, and Improving Measures of Disease Risk Factors

Emily White, Bruce K. Armstrong, and Rodolfo Saracci

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198509851
eISBN:
9780191723827
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509851.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The accurate measurement of exposure to putative causes of disease is essential to the validity of epidemiologic research. This book covers general principles and methods that can be applied to ... More


Investigating the Experience of Temporary Workers

Thomas Rigotti, David E. Guest, Michael Clinton, and Gisela Mohr

in Employment Contracts, Psychological Contracts, and Employee Well-Being: An International Study

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199542697
eISBN:
9780191715389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542697.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, HRM / IR

This chapter outlines the key features of the research on which the book is based. The research was conducted in six European countries and Israel as a comparator. It involved over 200 organizations ... More


Measurement and Development of PsyCap: Assessing the Return on Investment

Fred Luthans, Carolyn M. Youssef, and Bruce J. Avolio

in Psychological Capital: Developing the Human Competitive Edge

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195187526
eISBN:
9780199789863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187526.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

This final chapter first summarizes the existing published measures of efficacy, hope, optimism, and resiliency and then presents the recently developed 24-item psychological capital questionnaire ... More


Understanding natural resource users' incentives

E. J. Milner-Gulland and Marcus Rowcliffe

in Conservation and Sustainable Use: A Handbook of Techniques

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198530367
eISBN:
9780191713095
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530367.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter summarizes the methods available for collecting data about people's motivations for natural resource use, thus providing information on the social and economic facets of sustainability. ... More


Questionnaires in epidemiology

Jakob Bue Bjorner and Jørn Olsen

in Teaching Epidemiology: A guide for teachers in epidemiology, public health and clinical medicine

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199239481
eISBN:
9780191716973
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239481.003.006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

In most epidemiologic studies, questionnaires are used as the main source of information, or at least as a part of the information. This chapter provides guidelines for teaching how best to construct ... More


Temperament and personality

Ádám Miklósi

in Dog Behaviour, Evolution, and Cognition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199295852
eISBN:
9780191711688
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199295852.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter discusses the difference between temperament and personality in dog behaviour. Although both concepts assume context independent aspects of behaviour, the former is believed to relate ... More


Music as Social behavior

Jane W. Davidson

in Empirical Musicology: Aims, Methods, Prospects

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195167498
eISBN:
9780199867707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195167498.003.0004
Subject:
Music, Ethnomusicology, World Music

This chapter considers a range of ways in which the social psychology of music may be tackled empirically. Since most music-making is a social activity, this is a particularly important area of ... More


Analyzing the Needs Assessment Data

David Royse, Michele Staton‐Tindall, Karen Badger, and J. Matthew Webster

in Needs Assessment

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195368789
eISBN:
9780199863860
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:royes/9780195368789.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter discusses ways of analyzing and interpreting data collected for a needs assessment project based on the type of design that is selected. Analysis of qualitative data is also discussed ... More


Item Response Theory

Christine DeMars

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195377033
eISBN:
9780199847341
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377033.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This book addresses an important issue for the design of survey instruments, which is rarely taught in graduate programs beyond those specifically for statisticians. Item Response Theory is used to ... More


Demographic Profile

James R. Lewis and Christine Johnson

in Children of Jesus and Mary: The Order of Christ Sophia

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195378443
eISBN:
9780199869701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378443.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Demographic questionnaires were administered to members of the Order of Christ Sophia (OCS) in 2005 and 2008. This chapter examines the membership's characteristics and analyzes how people became ... More


Vicarious Thinking

ROBERT V. DODGE

in Schelling's Game Theory: How to Make Decisions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199857203
eISBN:
9780199932597
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199857203.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

The essential skill needed for strategic thinking and the basis of game theory involves vicarious thinking. One must think as the other is thinking to make a strategic decision and the other is ... More


The Nature of Race: How Scientists Think and Teach about Human Difference

Ann Morning

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520270305
eISBN:
9780520950146
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520270305.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

What do Americans think “race” means? What determines one's race — appearance, ancestry, genes, or culture? How do education, government, and business influence our views on race? To unravel these ... More


The American National Election Studies and the Importance of New Ideas

Jon A. Krosnick and Arthur Lupia

in Improving Public Opinion Surveys: Interdisciplinary Innovation and the American National Election Studies

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151458
eISBN:
9781400840298
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151458.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter explains the introduction of certain changes to the ANES, in response to the National Science Foundation's 2004 challenge to the scholarly community to update the ANES in ways that would ... More


Value Constellations and American Political Life

Steven Hitlin and Katherine W. O. Kramer

in Improving Public Opinion Surveys: Interdisciplinary Innovation and the American National Election Studies

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151458
eISBN:
9781400840298
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151458.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter augments the discussion of the values measures in the 2006 ANES Pilot Study in three ways. First, it compares the items drawn from the Portrait Values Questionnaire (PVQ) with the ... More


How the ANES Used Online Commons Proposals and Pilot Study Reports to Develop Its 2008 Questionnaires

Jon A. Krosnick and Arthur Lupia

in Improving Public Opinion Surveys: Interdisciplinary Innovation and the American National Election Studies

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151458
eISBN:
9781400840298
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151458.003.0020
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter describes the manner by which the ANES converted the insights of many people into strong and innovative questionnaires. This description is broken into two stages to reflect the nature ... More


Psychology as the Science of Self-Reports and Finger Movements: Whatever Happened to Actual Behavior? *

Roy F. Baumeister, Kathleen D. Vohs, and David C. Funder

in Then A Miracle Occurs: Focusing on Behavior in Social Psychological Theory and Research

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195377798
eISBN:
9780199864522
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377798.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Clinical Psychology

Psychology calls itself the science of behavior, and the American Psychological Association’s current “Decade of Behavior” was intended to increase awareness and appreciation of this aspect of the ... More


Food-Frequency Methods

Walter Willett

in Nutritional Epidemiology

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195122978
eISBN:
9780199864249
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195122978.003.05
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Food frequency questionnaires have become the primary method for measuring dietary intake in epidemiological studies. Such questionnaires are directed to the dietary exposure of conceptual interest ... More


Collecting Client Feedback

Michael J. Lambert and Kenichi Shimokawa

in Psychotherapy Relationships That Work: Evidence-Based Responsiveness

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199737208
eISBN:
9780199894635
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199737208.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

While highly effective, psychotherapy outcome studies suggest 5%–14% of clients worsen while in treatment and that therapists are unable to identify a substantial portion of such cases. Methods to ... More


Researching the Psychological Contract

Neil Conway and Rob B. Briner

in Understanding Psychological Contracts at Work: A Critical Evaluation of Theory and Research

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199280643
eISBN:
9780191700125
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199280643.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, HRM / IR, Organization Studies

This chapter describes the main methods used to research the psychological contract and briefly considers their strengths and weaknesses. It examines the weaknesses of the questionnaire survey, the ... More


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