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Preference Elicitation in Combinatorial Auctions

Tuomas Sandholm and Craig Boutilier

in Combinatorial Auctions

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262033428
eISBN:
9780262302920
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262033428.003.0011
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

This chapter discusses the ways that can be helpful in handling the preference elicitation problem in combinatorial auctions. It begins with a discussion of a general elicitation framework and ... More


Basic Interaction in Dialogue

Jonathan Ginzburg

in The Interactive Stance

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199697922
eISBN:
9780191738425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697922.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter starts by considering the public/private dichotomy in representing the information states of conversational participants. Following that, the components of the public part of information ... More


The Ladies Mercury

Nicola Parsons

in Women's Periodicals and Print Culture in Britain, 1690-1820s: The Long Eighteenth Century

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781474419659
eISBN:
9781474445061
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474419659.003.0021
Subject:
Literature, Women's Literature

Nicola Parsons’ essay explores at length importance of the Ladies Mercury (1693), the first periodical addressed specifically to women, insisting upon its independence from Dunton’s Athenian Mercury ... More


Natural history

Peter R. Anstey

in John Locke and Natural Philosophy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199589777
eISBN:
9780191725487
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589777.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter argues that, given our lack of epistemic access to the inner natures of substances, Locke believed that the correct method of natural philosophy is the construction of Baconian natural ... More


Dictionary writing systems and beyond

Andrea Abel

in Electronic Lexicography

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199654864
eISBN:
9780191745966
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654864.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Lexicography, Semantics and Pragmatics

Compiling a dictionary is a challenging, laborious and time-consuming task, sometimes real ‘drudgery’. For many years, collecting data and compiling dictionary entries was done with pen and paper, ... More


Escaping History: The New Historicism, Databases, and Contingency

Alan Liu

in Local Transcendence: Essays on Postmodern Historicism and the Database

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226486956
eISBN:
9780226486970
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226486970.003.0010
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter speculates at once retrospectively and prospectively on the function of the New Historicism in the age of the database. In the New Historicism and other forms of postmodern cultural ... More


Information Sciences

Stephen K. Reed

in Cognitive Skills You Need for the 21st Century

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780197529003
eISBN:
9780197529034
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197529003.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The information sciences provide tools for deductive reasoning to supplement the classifications made by the data sciences and the explanations made by explanatory models. Formal ontologies provide a ... More


The Prolog Language

Levesque Hector J.

in Thinking as Computation: A First Course

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016995
eISBN:
9780262301411
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016995.003.0003
Subject:
Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence

This chapter explains how to write computer programs in a language called Prolog. The first section examines the makeup of Prolog programs in detail. The second section does the same for Prolog ... More


Art and Knowledge

John Ryder

in The Things in Heaven and Earth: An Essay in Pragmatic Naturalism

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780823244683
eISBN:
9780823252770
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823244683.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, American Philosophy

Chapter 7 develops an epistemology that allows for the cognitive nature of art. That art can be, though need not be, cognitive is assumed by artists, writers, critics, art historians, and others. ... More


4.3 Use of the Semantic Web in e-Research

Kieron O’Hara, Tim Berners-Lee, Wendy Hall, and Nigel Shadbolt

in World Wide Research: Reshaping the Sciences and Humanities

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014397
eISBN:
9780262272087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014397.003.0016
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

“Semantic Web” refers to a Web of linked data and has four key components: uniform resource identifiers (URIs), Resource Description Framework (RDF), ontologies, and Simple Protocol and RDF Query ... More


Expressions

Douglas A. Schenck and Peter R. Wilson

in Information Modeling: The EXPRESS Way

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195087147
eISBN:
9780197560532
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195087147.003.0022
Subject:
Computer Science, Software Engineering

Expressions are combinations of operators and operands which are evaluated to produce a value of a specific type. Infix operators require two operands with an operator written between them. A ... More


Popular Magazines

Janice Hopkins Tanne

in A Field Guide for Science Writers

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195174991
eISBN:
9780197562239
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195174991.003.0014
Subject:
Computer Science, History of Computer Science

I like to know how things work—why plaque piles up in arteries, how microbiologists identify different strains of bacteria, how surgeons separate conjoined twins, why some medical centers are ... More


Textual Profiles of Genes

Soumya Raychaudhuri

in Computational Text Analysis: for functional genomics and bioinformatics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198567400
eISBN:
9780191916700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198567400.003.0010
Subject:
Computer Science, Mathematical Theory of Computation

Using algorithms to analyze natural language text is a challenging task. Recent advances in algorithms, and increased availability of computational power and online text has resulted in incremental ... More


Knowledge in Practice

Michael Williams

in Epistemic Evaluation: Purposeful Epistemology

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2015
ISBN:
9780199642632
eISBN:
9780191807145
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199642632.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Knowledge is a deontic concept in the sense that knowing is a matter of asssertional-doxastic rights earned by the fulfillment of epistemic duties. Reliabilists have attacked this traditional ... More


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