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From Morality to Metaphysics: The Theistic Implications of our Ethical Commitments

Angus Ritchie

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199652518
eISBN:
9780191745850
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199652518.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This book offers an argument for theism. It claims only purposive accounts of the universe can do justice to our pre-philosophical moral commitment to objective moral truth and explain the human ... More


Realism

Caroline Jenkins

in Grounding Concepts: An Empirical Basis for Arithmetical Knowledge

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199231577
eISBN:
9780191716102
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231577.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter aims to determine in exactly what sense we should be ‘realists’ about arithmetic, that is, exactly what kind of arithmetical ‘independence’ from the mind we should be interested in ... More


Expanding the View: Semantic Functionalism

Michael P. Lynch

in Truth as One and Many

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199218738
eISBN:
9780191711794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199218738.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

This chapter argues that understanding truth as a functional property supports, but does not require, a broader semantic functionalism. This is the idea that other core semantic concepts — reference, ... More


Spinoza and Natural Law

Jon Miller

in Reason, Religion, and Natural Law: From Plato to Spinoza

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199767175
eISBN:
9780199979592
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199767175.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

The chapter connects Spinoza's thought with important Stoic ideas and also with some contemporary metaethical issues. The core of Spinoza's normative view of law is that divine laws are end-oriented ... More


Alternatives to Realism: Simon Blackburn and Allan Gibbard

Angus Ritchie

in From Morality to Metaphysics: The Theistic Implications of our Ethical Commitments

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199652518
eISBN:
9780191745850
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199652518.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter evaluates the theory of ethics developed by Simon Blackburn and Allan Gibbard. It argues that their ‘moral quasi-realism’ cannot vindicate the fundamental ethical commitments which were ... More


Practical Expressivism

Neil Sinclair

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780198866107
eISBN:
9780191898327
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198866107.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Morality is a human institution that can be adequately understood as a naturalistically explicable coordination device, whereby human beings work towards, sustain, and refine mutually beneficial ... More


Mind-Independence without the Mystery: Why Quasi-Realists Can't Have it Both Ways

Sharon Street

in Oxford Studies in Metaethics: Volume 6

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199606375
eISBN:
9780191729478
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199606375.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Quasi-realism about normativity is an ambitious attempt to have one's cake and eat it too in metaethics. The cake in question is an uncompromising naturalism that disavows anything metaphysically or ... More


How Much Realism? Evolved Thinkers and Normative Concepts 1

Allan Gibbard

in Oxford Studies in Metaethics: Volume 6

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199606375
eISBN:
9780191729478
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199606375.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The Hopi studied by Richard Brandt saw no reason not to play a game that tormented a chicken. According to quasi-realism, our judgment to the contrary amounts to something like a plan to weigh the ... More


Smile When You’re Winning: How to Become a Cambridge Pragmatist

Hallvard Lillehammer

in The Practical Turn: Pragmatism in Britain in the Long Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780197266168
eISBN:
9780191865237
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197266168.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter traces the development of a particular current of thought known by the label ‘pragmatism’ during the last part of the twentieth century and at the beginning of the twenty-first, and ... More


Metaethical Loose Ends

Simon Robertson

in Nietzsche and Contemporary Ethics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780198722212
eISBN:
9780191789069
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198722212.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This final main chapter tidies up some loose ends concerning the metaethical credentials of the evaluative and normative claims going into Nietzsche’s perfectionism. Nietzsche did not have a ... More


The Symmetry Objection

Bart Streumer

in Unbelievable Errors: An Error Theory about All Normative Judgements

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198785897
eISBN:
9780191848070
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198785897.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that non-cognitivists need to explain how their view is compatible with the claim that when two people make conflicting normative judgements, at most one of these judgements is ... More


Practical Expressivism, Expression, and Quasi-Realism

Neil Sinclair

in Practical Expressivism

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780198866107
eISBN:
9780191898327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198866107.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

According to practical expressivism, moral judgements express moral attitude types insofar as they advertise a claim of objective authority for them, where this involves a preparedness to defend them ... More


Moral Realism and Philosophical Angst

Joshua Blanchard

in Oxford Studies in Metaethics Volume 15

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780198859512
eISBN:
9780191891861
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198859512.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Moral Philosophy

This chapter defends pro-realism, the view that it is better if moral realism is true rather than any of its rivals. After offering an account of philosophical angst, I make three general arguments. ... More


Quasi-Dependence

Selim Berker

in Oxford Studies in Metaethics Volume 15

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780198859512
eISBN:
9780191891861
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198859512.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Moral Philosophy

Quasi-realists aim to account for many of the trappings of metanormative realism within an expressivist framework. Chief among these is the realist way of responding to the Euthyphro dilemma: ... More


Global Expressivism and the Truth in Representation

Allan Gibbard

in Meaning Without Representation: Essays on Truth, Expression, Normativity, and Naturalism

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780198722199
eISBN:
9780191789045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198722199.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Aesthetics

This chapter argues for a kind of global expressivism that allows a sense in which naturalistic thinking and language might be paradigmatically representational whereas normative thinking and ... More


Modest Quasi-Realism and the Problem of Deep Moral Error

Terry Horgan and Mark Timmons

in Passions and Projections: Themes from the Philosophy of Simon Blackburn

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780198723172
eISBN:
9780191789717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723172.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Simon Blackburn’s quasi-realist program seeks to accommodate the deeply embedded assumptions of commonsense morality, one of which is the thought that one’s current moral conviction on some topic ... More


Just How Do Passions Rule?: The (More) Compleat Humean

Peter Railton

in Passions and Projections: Themes from the Philosophy of Simon Blackburn

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780198723172
eISBN:
9780191789717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723172.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In his major work in meta-ethics, Ruling Passions, Simon Blackburn defends a neo-Humean “split” between the cognitive realm (inert, truth-apt, “Apollonian”) and the passionate realm (motivating, ... More


Explaining the Quasi-Real

Jamie Dreier

in Oxford Studies in Metaethics, Volume 10

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198738695
eISBN:
9780191802515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198738695.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses whether Quasi-Realism gains any advantage over Robust Realism with respect to the problem of explaining supervenience. The chapter starts with a summary of what the ... More


Non-Naturalism Gone Quasi: Explaining the Necessary Connections between the Natural and the Normative

Teemu Toppinen

in Oxford Studies in Metaethics 13

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198823841
eISBN:
9780191862625
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198823841.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Non-naturalism—roughly the view that normative properties and facts are sui generis—may be combined either with cognitivism (realist non-naturalism) or with non-cognitivism (quasi-realist ... More


Factivity

Sarah Moss

in Probabilistic Knowledge

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780198792154
eISBN:
9780191861260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198792154.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

It is natural to wonder whether we might use traditional notions of epistemic possibility or evidential probability to address the case for probabilistic knowledge in chapter 5, without embracing the ... More


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