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Stellar-Mass Black Holes

Charles D. Bailyn

in What Does a Black Hole Look Like?

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148823
eISBN:
9781400850563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148823.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter examines stellar-mass black holes. The empirical study of black holes began in the 1960s with the discovery of quasars and the advent of X-ray astronomy. X-ray detectors could detect ... More


Supermassive Black Holes

Charles D. Bailyn

in What Does a Black Hole Look Like?

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148823
eISBN:
9781400850563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148823.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter focuses on supermassive black holes, which are sometimes abbreviated “SMBHs.” Stellar-mass black holes are clearly common consequences of stellar evolution, but they are not the only ... More


Quasars, Causality, and Geometry: A Scientific Controversy That Did not Occur

Wesley C. Salmon

in Causality and Explanation

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195108644
eISBN:
9780199833627
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195108647.003.0026
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Shows how the failure of astrophysicists to honor the distinction between causal processes and pseudoprocesses vitiates much of the discussion of quasars since their discovery in 1963. In this case, ... More


The quasar enigma

Malcolm Longair

in A Century of Nature: Twenty-One Discoveries that Changed Science and the World

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780226284132
eISBN:
9780226284163
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226284163.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The quasar story goes back to May 1933, when radio astronomy was born. Surveys of the radio sky had revealed a population of extragalactic radio sources, and a few of them were associated with nearby ... More


Doctor Atomic and the Black Hole

Nicholas Mee

in The Cosmic Mystery Tour

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780198831860
eISBN:
9780191869785
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198831860.003.0019
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, History of Physics

The existence of black holes was proposed by Oppenheimer and Snyder in 1939. Three years later Oppenheimer was appointed head of Los Alamos, the secret weapons laboratory of the Manhattan Project. ... More


Supermassive Black Holes

Abraham Loeb and Steven R. Furlanetto

in The First Galaxies in the Universe

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144917
eISBN:
9781400845606
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144917.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter analyzes formation mechanisms for supermassive black holes, their observable characteristics, and their interactions with their host galaxies and the wider Universe. A black hole is the ... More


The Reionization of Intergalactic Hydrogen

Abraham Loeb and Steven R. Furlanetto

in The First Galaxies in the Universe

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144917
eISBN:
9781400845606
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144917.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter considers how primordial gas was transformed to an ionized state by the first galaxies within merely hundreds of millions of years. It addresses this question by first describing the ... More


Early Observations of Black Holes

John W. Moffat

in The Shadow of the Black Hole

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780190650728
eISBN:
9780197517383
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190650728.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Early observations of black holes, before the LIGO/Virgo detection of gravitational waves, were made by observing electromagnetic processes involving atomic spectral lines. X-ray binary systems were ... More


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