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Deep Inelastic Scattering

Robin Devenish and Amanda Cooper-Sarkar

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198506713
eISBN:
9780191709562
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198506713.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The book provides a self-contained account of deep inelastic scattering (DIS) in high energy physics. It covers the classic results that lead to the quark-parton model of hadrons and the ... More


Modern Perspectives in Lattice QCD: Quantum Field Theory and High Performance Computing: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School: Volume 93, August 2009

Laurent Lellouch, Rainer Sommer, Benjamin Svetitsky, Anastassios Vladikas, and Leticia F. Cugliandolo (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199691609
eISBN:
9780191731792
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691609.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The book is based on the lectures delivered at the XCIII Session of the ´Ecole de Physique des Houches, held in August, 2009. The aim of the event was to familiarize the new generation of Ph.D. ... More


The Development Of QCD

GÜNTHER DISSERTORI, IAN G. KNOWLES, and MICHAEL SCHMELLING

in Quantum Chromodynamics: High Energy Experiments and Theory

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199566419
eISBN:
9780191708060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566419.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter reviews and puts into context the experiments which lead to the formulation of QCD. Starting from the static quark model, the phenomenology of deep inelastic scattering processes is ... More


Quark Liberation Front

Gordon Fraser

in Cosmic Anger: Abdus Salam - The First Muslim Nobel Scientist

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199208463
eISBN:
9780191708954
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208463.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter focuses on Salam's research in physics. Throughout his research, Salam sought for patterns, similarities in behaviour between subnuclear particles that were superficially very ... More


THE AFFLECK–DINE–SEIBERG SUPERPOTENTIAL

John Terning

in Modern Supersymmetry: Dynamics and Duality

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567639
eISBN:
9780191718243
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567639.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The previous chapter showed how holomorphy can determine the behaviour of pure SUSY Yang-Mills. This chapter turns to a case where there are quarks and squarks as well as gluons and gluinos. When the ... More


Parallel Realms

Alvaro De Rújula

in Enjoy Our Universe: You Have No Other Choice

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2020
ISBN:
9780198817802
eISBN:
9780191859366
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198817802.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Electrons, their “brothers” neutrinos, and the quarks we are made of are a family. For each of these particles there exists two “copies” in Nature, two extra families. The first novel character in ... More


What the Physicist said to the Poet: How Physicists Used the Ideal of Poetry to Talk about Uncertainty

Peter Middleton

in Physics Envy: American Poetry and Science in the Cold War and After

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226290003
eISBN:
9780226290140
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226290140.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, American, 20th Century Literature

The chapter shows how postwar poets encountered strong negative or idealized images of poetry in the writings of physicists and other scientists. Physicists sometimes referred to an abstraction of ... More


Effective Field Theory in Particle Physics and Cosmology: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School: Volume 108, July 2017

Sacha Davidson, Paolo Gambino, Mikko Laine, Matthias Neubert, and Christophe Salomon (eds)

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780198855743
eISBN:
9780191889370
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198855743.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Effective field theory (EFT) is a general method for describing quantum systems with multiple-length scales in a tractable fashion. It allows us to perform precise calculations in established models ... More


Sublime Marvel

Gian Francesco Giudice

in A Zeptospace Odyssey: A Journey into the Physics of the LHC

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199581917
eISBN:
9780191723001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199581917.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The modern theory of particle physics, called the Standard Model, describes electromagnetic, weak, and strong forces and all known forms of matter in terms a single conceptual principle. This chapter ... More


Do Mutants Die of Natural Causes? Do Mutants Die of Natural Causes? The Case of Atomic Parity Violation The Case of Atomic Parity Violation Allan Franklin

Allan Franklin

in A House Built on Sand: Exposing Postmodernist Myths About Science

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195117257
eISBN:
9780199785995
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195117255.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Andrew Pickering’s Constructing Quarks claims that the scientific community’s evaluation of atomic parity violation experiments was determined by career considerations, and not the quality of the ... More


QCD improved parton model

Robin Devenish and Amanda Cooper-Sarkar

in Deep Inelastic Scattering

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198506713
eISBN:
9780191709562
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198506713.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The QCD improved parton model provides the foundation on which all the remaining chapters are based. This chapter begins by covering the key ideas: tree level QCD Compton and boson-gluon fusion ... More


Momentum Space Topology Protected By Symmetry

VOLOVIK GRIGORY E.

in The Universe in a Helium Droplet

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199564842
eISBN:
9780191709906
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199564842.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

In some fermionic systems the total topological charge of the Fermi point vanishes. However, the discrete symmetry may produce the nonzero p-space topological invariant, which protects the nodal ... More


Structure Functions And Parton Distributions

GÜNTHER DISSERTORI, IAN G. KNOWLES, and MICHAEL SCHMELLING

in Quantum Chromodynamics: High Energy Experiments and Theory

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199566419
eISBN:
9780191708060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566419.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter presents the determination of structure functions and parton distributions from deep inelastic lepton-nucleon scattering, both for the case of charged lepton-nucleon and the case of ... More


Tests Of The Structure Of QCD

GÜNTHER DISSERTORI, IAN G. KNOWLES, and MICHAEL SCHMELLING

in Quantum Chromodynamics: High Energy Experiments and Theory

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199566419
eISBN:
9780191708060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566419.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter presents experimental results for the QCD lagrangian. It shows that the phenomenology of strong interactions is indeed described by an unbroken Yang–Mills theory based on a non-abelian ... More


Selling the Super Collider, 1983–88

Michael Riordan, Lillian Hoddeson, and Adrienne W. Kolb

in Tunnel Visions: The Rise and Fall of the Superconducting Super Collider

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226294797
eISBN:
9780226305837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226305837.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The SSC had to be “sold” to Congress and US taxpayers, for a project costing billions of dollars required strong public support. Central Design Group physicists kept Congress and its staffers ... More


Differences Between Quark And Gluon Jets

GÜNTHER DISSERTORI, IAN G. KNOWLES, and MICHAEL SCHMELLING

in Quantum Chromodynamics: High Energy Experiments and Theory

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199566419
eISBN:
9780191708060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566419.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Due to the different colour charge of quarks and gluons, differences in the fragmentation of the two types of partons are expected. The final state particle multiplicities thus should contain ... More


Flavor physics and lattice quantum chromodynamics

Laurent Lellouch

in Modern Perspectives in Lattice QCD: Quantum Field Theory and High Performance Computing: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School: Volume 93, August 2009

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199691609
eISBN:
9780191731792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691609.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The course begins with an introduction to the Standard Model, viewed as an effective theory. Experimental and theoretical limits on the scales at which New Physics can appear, as well as current ... More


Particle Physics in the LHC Era

Giles Barr, Robin Devenish, Roman Walczak, and Tony Weidberg

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198748557
eISBN:
9780191811203
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198748557.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This book gives a modern introduction to particle physics. The main mathematical tools required for the rest of the book are developed in Chapter 2. A quantitative introduction to accelerator physics ... More


Concepts of Elementary Particle Physics

Michael E. Peskin

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780198812180
eISBN:
9780191850301
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198812180.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This is a textbook of elementary particle physics whose goal is to explain the Standard Model of particle interactions. Part I introduces the basic concepts governing high-energy particle physics: ... More


Forces of the World Unite!

Nicholas Mee

in The Cosmic Mystery Tour

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780198831860
eISBN:
9780191869785
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198831860.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, History of Physics

The structure of matter and the forces that are important in particle physics are now understood in terms of the Standard Model, which is currently being tested at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). ... More


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