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Bracing for Armageddon?: The Science and Politics of Bioterrorism in America

William R Clark

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195336214
eISBN:
9780199868537
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195336214.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Over the past two decades, an enormous effort has been mounted by numerous federal and state agencies to prepare America to defend against the possibility of a catastrophic bioterrorist attack. This ... More


Tales of a Dark Winter: A Play in Three Acts

William R. Clark

in Bracing for Armageddon?: The Science and Politics of Bioterrorism in America

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195336214
eISBN:
9780199868537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195336214.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter examines one of the many war games-like exercises carried out beginning in the 1990s to test the reaction of government officials to a hypothetical bioterrorist attack. In this exercise, ... More


Agroterrorism: The Very Food on Your Plate (and the Water in Your Glass)

William R. Clark

in Bracing for Armageddon?: The Science and Politics of Bioterrorism in America

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195336214
eISBN:
9780199868537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195336214.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

If the purpose of bioterrorism is social and economic disruption, and the spread of fear and uncertainty across as many people as possible, for as long as possible, disruption of food and water ... More


Political, Legal, and Social Issues in a National Health Emergency

William R. Clark

in Bracing for Armageddon?: The Science and Politics of Bioterrorism in America

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195336214
eISBN:
9780199868537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195336214.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Who is running the show in a nation-wide health crisis? The federal government? Individual states? Preservation of the public health is a power granted to individual states, as an exercise of their ... More


SARS: A case study in emerging infections

Angela McLean, Robert May, John Pattison, and Robin Weiss (eds)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568193
eISBN:
9780191718175
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568193.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

The sudden appearance and rapid spread of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) in 2003 alerted the world to the fact that emerging infections are a global problem. Living in affluent societies ... More


Epidemiology, transmission dynamics, and control of SARS: the 2002–2003 epidemic

Roy M. Anderson, Christophe Fraser, Azra C. Ghani, Christl A. Donnelly, Steven Riley, Neil M. Ferguson, Gabriel M. Leung, Tai H. Lam, and Anthony J. Hedley

in SARS: A case study in emerging infections

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568193
eISBN:
9780191718175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568193.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter examines the key determinants of the epidemiology and transmission dynamics of directly infectious viruses in general, and of the SARS virus in particular, presenting analyses of the ... More


The prospect of invasion

Mark Harrison

in Medicine in an age of Commerce and Empire: Britain and its Tropical Colonies 1660-1830

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199577736
eISBN:
9780191595196
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577736.003.0013
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

The final chapter of the book focuses on fears about the importation of yellow fever from the West Indies during and immediately after the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars. It argues that ... More


Framing the Pilgrimage: Contours of the Haj from the Indian Subcontinent

Saurabh Mishra

in Pilgrimage, Politics, and Pestilence: The Haj from the Indian Subcontinent, 1860-1920

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198070603
eISBN:
9780199080007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198070603.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter sketches an overall picture of the pilgrimage from the Indian subcontinent and outlines the broad trends and changes that occurred within the period under study. It compares the colonial ... More


Constraints in the Control of Infectious Disease

Margaret P. Battin, Leslie P. Francis, Jay A. Jacobson, and Charles B. Smith

in The Patient as Victim and Vector: Ethics and Infectious Disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195335842
eISBN:
9780199868926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335842.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, General

In the effort to control infectious disease, many different kinds of constraints have been employed: mandatory testing, required or observed treatment, and quarantine and isolation, among others. ... More


Pandemic Planning: What Is Ethically Justified?

Margaret P. Battin, Leslie P. Francis, Jay A. Jacobson, and Charles B. Smith

in The Patient as Victim and Vector: Ethics and Infectious Disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195335842
eISBN:
9780199868926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335842.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, General

With the pressing risk of avian flu, jurisdictions across the world have devoted considerable attention to pandemic planning. This chapter employs the PVV view about the justifiability of constraints ... More


Compensation and the Victims of Constraint

Margaret P. Battin, Leslie P. Francis, Jay A. Jacobson, and Charles B. Smith

in The Patient as Victim and Vector: Ethics and Infectious Disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195335842
eISBN:
9780199868926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335842.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, General

When pandemic constraints are imposed, some people will suffer losses, people who might not otherwise have done so. The economic losses of facilities that are used in pandemic emergencies have been ... More


From the Magic Mountain to a Dying Homeless Man and His Dog:: Imposing Isolation And Treatment In Tuberculosis Care

Margaret P. Battin, Leslie P. Francis, Jay A. Jacobson, and Charles B. Smith

in The Patient as Victim and Vector: Ethics and Infectious Disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195335842
eISBN:
9780199868926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335842.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter uses the example of a homeless man with multiple drug-resistant tuberculosis to explore ethical conflicts that arise between the public health officers' emphasis on “control-the-vector” ... More


The Impetus from Sicily

Samuel K. Cohn

in Cultures of Plague: Medical thinking at the end of the Renaissance

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199574025
eISBN:
9780191722530
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574025.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This chapter concentrates on one of the longest and most influential plague treatises of the sixteenth century, that of the Sicilian physician Giovanni Filippo Ingrassia, written in 1575 and 1576. It ... More


Disease, Quarantine, and Racial Categories in the Gezira Irrigation Scheme

Heather Bell

in Frontiers of Medicine in the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan, 1899–1940

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198207498
eISBN:
9780191677694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207498.003.0004
Subject:
History, World Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The Gezira irrigation scheme highlights the complicated relationships between medicine, capital, and the health of labour. The need to protect the Gezira from disease infection dominated inter-war ... More


Circumventing Commitment to Truth despite Empirical Indispensability

Jody Azzouni

in Deflating Existential Consequence: A Case for Nominalism

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195159882
eISBN:
9780199834990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195159888.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Continues the argument establishing the indispensability of the application of the truth idiom to applied mathematical doctrine and empirical law. Strategies such as Field’s for circumventing the ... More


Disease as Metamorphosis

Paul Julian Weindling

in Epidemics and Genocide in Eastern Europe, 1890–1945

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206910
eISBN:
9780191677373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206910.003.0014
Subject:
History, European Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Delousing became routine during World War I, as a result of the recent discovery that lice spread typhus. In Nazi Germany, ethnic undesirables were stigmatized as human vermin and as poisoning the ... More


Defending German Health: Technical Solutions

Paul Julian Weindling

in Epidemics and Genocide in Eastern Europe, 1890–1945

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206910
eISBN:
9780191677373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206910.003.0025
Subject:
History, European Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Confident in an imminent German victory in 1918, Prussia's medical department planned elaborate sanitary measures on the extended frontiers. The returning troops and civilians were to undergo a ... More


Commentary: What is Expected of Public Health Ethics?

Taketoshi Okita

in The Future of Bioethics: International Dialogues

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199682676
eISBN:
9780191763168
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682676.003.0073
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The present discussion divides public health activities into two broad categories: countermeasures against acute infectious diseases, and health promotion measures. On countermeasures against acute ... More


Seclusion

Anita L. Allen

in Unpopular Privacy: What Must We Hide?

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195141375
eISBN:
9780199918126
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195141375.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy, General

This chapter argues that states of seclusion can sometimes amount to coerced unpopular privacy, giving rise to concerns about the legitimacy. Western societies once imposed unwanted, pathological ... More


“A Matter of Police”: Fever and Betrayal in the Federal Union

Simon Finger

in The Contagious City: The Politics of Public Health in Early Philadelphia

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801448935
eISBN:
9780801464003
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801448935.003.0010
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter illustrates how the public health crises of the 1790s can illustrate the ambiguous nationhood of the early United States and the tension among the states as they attempted to situate ... More


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