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Essential Quantum Mechanics

Gary Bowman

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199228928
eISBN:
9780191711206
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228928.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Quantum mechanics — central not only to physics, but also to chemistry, materials science, and other fields — is notoriously abstract and difficult. This book is a concise, explanatory book that ... More


Electron-Phonon Interactions in Low-Dimensional Structures

Lawrence Challis (ed.)

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198507321
eISBN:
9780191709319
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507321.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

The study of electrons and holes confined to two, one, and even zero dimensions has uncovered a rich variety of new physics and applications. This book describes the interaction between these ... More


Quantum Hall systems: Braid groups, composite fermions and fractional charge

Lucjan Jacak, Piotr Sitko, Konrad Wieczorek, and Arkadiusz Wójs

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198528708
eISBN:
9780191713477
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528708.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The book presents the wide range of topics in two-dimensional physics of quantum Hall systems, especially fractional quantum Hall states. It starts with the fundamental problems of quantum statistics ... More


The master equation

J. C. Garrison and R. Y. Chiao

in Quantum Optics

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198508861
eISBN:
9780191708640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508861.003.0019
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter examines the evolution of an open system — the sample — with the quantum Liouville equation for the world density operator. The fundamental approximation is that the action of the sample ... More


The Quantum Postulates

Gary E. Bowman

in Essential Quantum Mechanics

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199228928
eISBN:
9780191711206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228928.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses the concept of a postulate and develops the basic structure of quantum mechanics using three postulates. Postulate 1 introduces the concept of a quantum state as a solution of ... More


How the Measurement Problem Is an Artefact of the Mathematics

Nancy Cartwright

in How the Laws of Physics Lie

Published in print:
1983
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198247043
eISBN:
9780191597152
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198247044.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Precursing now popular ‘spontaneous reduction’ views, this chapter argues that the measurement problem in quantum mechanics is not a problem of measurement at all. Reductions happen in a variety of ... More


Quantization of cavity modes

J. C. Garrison and R. Y. Chiao

in Quantum Optics

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198508861
eISBN:
9780191708640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508861.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter begins with a normal-mode analysis of the classical electromagnetic field in an ideal cavity. The resulting expression for the electromagnetic energy has the same form as the energy of a ... More


Phonon interactions with magnetically quantized two-dimensional carrier systems: the integer and fractional quantum Hall states

C.J. Mellor, W. Dietsche, and L.J. Challis

in Electron-Phonon Interactions in Low-Dimensional Structures

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198507321
eISBN:
9780191709319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507321.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter describes investigations of the interaction of phonons with magnetically quantized two-dimensional (2-D) electron systems including the quantum Hall states, with particular attention to ... More


Many Worlds?: Everett, Quantum Theory, and Reality

Simon Saunders, Jonathan Barrett, Adrian Kent, and David Wallace (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199560561
eISBN:
9780191721380
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560561.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

What does realism about the quantum state imply? What follows when quantum theory is applied without restriction, if need be, to the whole universe? These are the questions which are debated in this ... More


Quantum information I

Vlatko Vedral

in Introduction to Quantum Information Science

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199215706
eISBN:
9780191706783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199215706.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Information is often considered classical in a definite state rather than in a superposition of states. It seems rather strange to consider information in superpositions. Some people would, on the ... More


The Nature of the Quantum State *

Tim Maudlin

in The Wave Function: Essays on the Metaphysics of Quantum Mechanics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199790807
eISBN:
9780199979660
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199790807.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Physics uses mathematical objects to represent physical ontology. Philosophy more often discusses the status of mathematics per se rather than its use as representation. Consequently the gap between ... More


Introduction

L.J. Challis

in Electron-Phonon Interactions in Low-Dimensional Structures

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198507321
eISBN:
9780191709319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507321.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

While the physics of low-dimensional structures mainly involves their electronic properties, an understanding of the interaction between the electrons and holes and the phonons present within and ... More


Foundations

STEPHEN M. BARNETT and PAUL M. RADMORE

in Methods in Theoretical Quantum Optics

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198563617
eISBN:
9780191714245
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198563617.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter presents the basic elements of quantum theory, including the Dirac bra and ket notation for quantum states, Hermitian operators and their eigenstates, commutators and the Schrödinger and ... More


Quantum Optomechanics: from Gravitational Wave Detectors to Macroscopic Quantum Mechanics

Yanbei Chen

in Quantum Optomechanics and Nanomechanics: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School: Volume 105, August 2015

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780198828143
eISBN:
9780191866920
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198828143.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

The quantum measurement process connects the quantum world and the classical world. The phrase ‘quantum measurement’ can have two meanings: measurement of a weak classical force, with the impact of ... More


Selecting A Branch

Jeffrey Alan Barrett

in The Quantum Mechanics of Minds and Worlds

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199247431
eISBN:
9780191697661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199247431.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter discusses how one might add a physical quantity to the usual quantum-mechanical state description in order to account for the determinate measurement records. It explains that the value ... More


On the Status of Quantum State Realism

Wayne C. Myrvold

in Scientific Realism and the Quantum

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780198814979
eISBN:
9780191852817
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198814979.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Chapter 12 argues that there is good reason for being realist about quantum states. Though a research programme of attempting to construct a plausible theory that accounts for quantum phenomena ... More


Quantum spin Hall effect and topological insulators

S. Murakami and T. Yokoyama

in Spin Current

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199600380
eISBN:
9780191775062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199600380.003.0017
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter begins with a description of quantum spin Hall systems, or topological insulators, which embody a new quantum state of matter theoretically proposed in 2005 and experimentally observed ... More


Early History and Fundamentals of Optomechanics

Antoine Heidmann and Pierre-Francois Cohadon

in Quantum Optomechanics and Nanomechanics: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School: Volume 105, August 2015

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780198828143
eISBN:
9780191866920
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198828143.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

In its simplest form, optomechanics amounts to two complementary coupling effects: mechanical motion changes the path followed by light, but light (through radiation pressure) can drive the ... More


“Non-locality”

Richard Healey

in The Quantum Revolution in Philosophy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780198714057
eISBN:
9780191782503
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198714057.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Quantum entanglement is popularly believed to give rise to spooky action at a distance of a kind that Einstein decisively rejected. Indeed, important recent experiments on systems assigned entangled ... More


Quantum Ensembles

Robert H. Swendsen

in An Introduction to Statistical Mechanics and Thermodynamics

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199646944
eISBN:
9780191775123
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646944.003.0022
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter begins Part 4 of the text, which is concerned with quantum statistical mechanics. A brief review of quantum mechanics is followed by an extension of statistical mechanics to include ... More


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