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Theory of Fluctuations in Superconductors

Anatoly Larkin (late) and Andrei Varlamov

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198528159
eISBN:
9780191713521
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528159.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This book presents itself as both an encyclopedia and a textbook of fluctuation phenomena in superconductors. The first half presents the phenomenological methods of the Ginzburg-Landau theory and ... More


FLUCTUATIONS IN MAGNETIC FIELD

Anatoly Larkin and Andrei Varlamov

in Theory of Fluctuations in Superconductors

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198528159
eISBN:
9780191713521
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528159.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter analyses the effect of a magnetic field on superconducting fluctuations. First, the self-consistent treatment of the critical temperature shift in a magnetic field is demonstrated. The ... More


PHASE SLIP EVENTS

Anatoly Larkin and Andrei Varlamov

in Theory of Fluctuations in Superconductors

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198528159
eISBN:
9780191713521
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528159.003.0014
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The specifics for a one-dimensional superconductor fluctuation mechanism of phase-slip events are discussed and the corresponding smearing of the transition is found using the framework of the ... More


Black holes

Ta-Pei Cheng

in Relativity, Gravitation and Cosmology: A Basic Introduction

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199573639
eISBN:
9780191722448
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573639.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Black hole is an object so compact that it is inside its event horizon: a one-way surface through which particle and light can only traverse inward, and an exterior observer cannot receive any signal ... More


Fluctuations and correlations

Tero T. Heikkilä

in The Physics of Nanoelectronics: Transport and Fluctuation Phenomena at Low Temperatures

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199592449
eISBN:
9780191747618
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592449.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter deals with noise: time-dependent fluctuation of observables at or out of equilibrium. The main emphasis is on current noise. The chapter explains the use of the correlation function, the ... More


Circuit quantum electrodynamics with a nonlinear resonator

P. Bertet, F. R. Ong, M. Boissonneault, A. Bolduc, F. Mallet, A. C. Doherty, A. Blais, D. Vion, and D. Esteve

in Fluctuating Nonlinear Oscillators: From Nanomechanics to Quantum Superconducting Circuits

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199691388
eISBN:
9780191742255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691388.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter investigates the coupling of a two-level system to a nonlinear resonator, one of the simplest extensions to the well-known Jaynes–Cummings model. In the experiment, the two-level system ... More


An Introduction to Quantum Optics and Quantum Fluctuations

Peter W. Milonni

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780199215614
eISBN:
9780191868689
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199215614.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This book is an introduction to quantum optics for students who have studied electromagnetism and quantum mechanics at an advanced undergraduate or graduate level. It provides detailed expositions of ... More


Statistical Mechanics and Quantum Field Theory

Hans-Peter Eckle

in Models of Quantum Matter: A First Course on Integrability and the Bethe Ansatz

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780199678839
eISBN:
9780191878589
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199678839.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The connection between statistical mechanics on the one side and quantum mechanics and quantum field theory on the other side is based on the analogy between thermal and quantum fluctuations. ... More


Quantum Optics and Nanophotonics

Claude Fabre, Vahid Sandoghdar, Nicolas Treps, and Leticia F. Cugliandolo (eds)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780198768609
eISBN:
9780191822353
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198768609.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Over the last few decades, the quantum aspects of light have been explored and major progress has been made in understanding the specific quantum aspects of the interaction between light and matter. ... More


Casimir forces and vacuum energy

Serge Reynaud and Astrid Lambrecht

in Quantum Optics and Nanophotonics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780198768609
eISBN:
9780191822353
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198768609.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The Casimir force is an effect of quantum vacuum field fluctuations, with applications in many domains of physics. The ideal expression obtained by Casimir, valid for perfect plane mirrors at zero ... More


Coherent States and Classical Limit of Quantum Electrodynamics

Laurent Baulieu, John Iliopoulos, and Roland Sénéor

in From Classical to Quantum Fields

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780198788393
eISBN:
9780191830310
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198788393.003.0022
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The coherent state formalism is used in order to study the classical limit of quantum theories and, in particular, quantum electrodynamics. It is shown that we can construct states for which the ... More


Electron-nuclear coupling II: Interacting electrons

William Barford

in Electronic and Optical Properties of Conjugated Polymers

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199677467
eISBN:
9780191757402
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199677467.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The effect of electron-nuclear coupling in π‐conjugated systems is described in the limit of interacting electrons via the Pariser-Parr-Pople-Peierls model. It is shown that electron-electron ... More


Whispers from the Big Bang

Nils Andersson

in Gravitational-Wave Astronomy: Exploring the Dark Side of the Universe

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780198568032
eISBN:
9780191878077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198568032.003.0022
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter discusses gravitational waves in the context of cosmology, starting from a summary of the standard model for cosmology—Lambda CDM. The cosmological redshift is introduced and different ... More


Weakly Interacting Bose Gas

Lev Pitaevskii and Sandro Stringari

in Bose-Einstein Condensation and Superfluidity

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198758884
eISBN:
9780191818721
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198758884.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter develops the mean-field Bogoliubov theory of the weakly interacting Bose–Einstein condensed gas. Results for the ground state energy, momentum distribution, and excitation spectrum are ... More


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