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Quantum dots

Thomas Ihn

in Semiconductor Nanostructures: Quantum states and electronic transport

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199534425
eISBN:
9780191715297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534425.003.0018
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Interaction effects in quantum-confined systems give rise to the Coulomb blockade phenomenon in electronic transport. This chapter discusses the Coulomb blockade phenomenon in quantum dots. As a ... More


Nanobiosensors

Tza‐Huei Wang, Kelvin Liu, Hsin‐Chih Yeh, and Christopher M. Puleo

in Micro/Nano Technology Systems for Biomedical Applications: Microfluidics, Optics, and Surface Chemistry

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199219698
eISBN:
9780191594229
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199219698.003.0010
Subject:
Mathematics, Mathematical Biology

This chapter discusses and provides insight into state of the art nanobiosensors used in high sensitivity molecular analysis and detection. It begins with an introduction into the fundamental ... More


Spin-dependent transport in single-electron devices

Jan Martinek and Józef Barnaś

in Concepts in Spin Electronics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568216
eISBN:
9780191718212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568216.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Ultrasmall systems called quantum dots (QDs) and single-electron transistors, where Coulomb interaction (Coulomb blockade) plays an important role, are very interesting and promising devices, which ... More


Excitons in Organic-Based Nanostructures

Vladimir M. Agranovich

in Excitations in Organic Solids

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199234417
eISBN:
9780191715426
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234417.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter discusses the excitons in organic-based nanostructures. In particular, two-dimensional Frenkel-Wannier-Mott (FWM) excitons in hybrid organic-inorganic nanostructures (quantum wells, ... More


Coupled quantum dots

Thomas Ihn

in Semiconductor Nanostructures: Quantum states and electronic transport

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199534425
eISBN:
9780191715297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534425.003.0019
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Coupled quantum dot systems exhibit the physics of artificial molecules with tunable properties. This chapter discusses the electrostatics of electrons in coupled quantum dots and the resulting ... More


Quantum Dot Lasers

Victor M. Ustinov, Alexey E. Zhukov, Anton Yu. Egorov, and Nikolai A. Maleev

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198526797
eISBN:
9780191712081
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526797.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This book is devoted to the physics and technology of diode lasers based on self-organized quantum dots (QD). It addresses the fundamental and technology aspects of QD edge-emitting and ... More


Problems of Condensed Matter Physics: Quantum coherence phenomena in electron-hole and coupled matter-light systems

Alexei L. Ivanov and Sergei G. Tikhodeev (eds)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199238873
eISBN:
9780191716652
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238873.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The book, which is dedicated to Prof. Leonid V. Keldysh on his 75th anniversary, is a collection of review papers written by experts in condensed matter physics such as V. M. Agranovich, B. L. ... More


Electron-Phonon Interactions in Low-Dimensional Structures

Lawrence Challis (ed.)

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198507321
eISBN:
9780191709319
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507321.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

The study of electrons and holes confined to two, one, and even zero dimensions has uncovered a rich variety of new physics and applications. This book describes the interaction between these ... More


Concepts in Spin Electronics

Sadamichi Maekawa (ed.)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568216
eISBN:
9780191718212
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568216.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Nowadays, information technology is based on semiconductor and ferromagnetic materials. Information processing and computation are performed using electron charge in semiconductor transistors and ... More


Low dimensional structures

John Orton

in The Story of Semiconductors

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199559107
eISBN:
9780191712975
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559107.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

During the 1970s, III-V compounds and epitaxial crystal growth provided the basis for low dimensional structures (or nanostructures). The best known example is a GaAs quantum well within AlGaAs ... More


Structural and electronic properties of self-organized quantum dots

Victor M. Ustinov, Alexey E. Zhukov, Anton Yu. Egorov, and Nikolai A. Maleev

in Quantum Dot Lasers

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198526797
eISBN:
9780191712081
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526797.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter includes an overview of the basic principles of quantum-dot formation using self-organization phenomena in lattice-mismatched materials. A relationship between lattice mismatch and ... More


12 Electronic structure and luminescence of low-dimensional semiconductors

Ivan Pelant and Jan Valenta

in Luminescence Spectroscopy of Semiconductors

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199588336
eISBN:
9780191738548
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588336.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

Unlike all of the previous chapters, this one is devoted to low-dimensional semiconductor structures (quantum wells, quantum wires and quantum dots-nanocrystals). Basic classification of these ... More


Quantum dots

Tero T. Heikkilä

in The Physics of Nanoelectronics: Transport and Fluctuation Phenomena at Low Temperatures

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199592449
eISBN:
9780191747618
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592449.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Quantum dots are small islands connected to typically metallic electrodes. Their small size shows up in the large spacing of the single-electron energy levels inside these islands. This chapter ... More


Conclusions

Victor M. Ustinov, Alexey E. Zhukov, Anton Yu. Egorov, and Nikolai A. Maleev

in Quantum Dot Lasers

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198526797
eISBN:
9780191712081
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526797.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter presents some concluding remarks. Remarkable progress in the development of self-organized quantum dot lasers is pointed out and the most notable results, e.g. a record-low threshold ... More


MICROCAVITIES WITH QUANTUM DOTS: WEAK AND STRONG COUPLING REGIMES

Vladimir D. Kulakovskii and Alfred Forchel

in Problems of Condensed Matter Physics: Quantum coherence phenomena in electron-hole and coupled matter-light systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199238873
eISBN:
9780191716652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238873.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

In connection with the cavity quantum electrodynamics, this chapter reviews the optical properties of a few mode semiconductor microcavity with embedded quantum dots. Both the weak (Purcell effect) ... More


Long-wavelength emitters on GaAs

Victor M. Ustinov, Alexey E. Zhukov, Anton Yu. Egorov, and Nikolai A. Maleev

in Quantum Dot Lasers

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198526797
eISBN:
9780191712081
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526797.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter is devoted to laser structures on GaAs substrates, which are capable of operating near the 1.3-um spectral window. Firstly, motivation for long-wavelength emitters on GaAs is discussed ... More


Epitaxial growth of nitride quantum dots

André Strittmatter

in III-Nitride Semiconductors and their Modern Devices

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199681723
eISBN:
9780191761676
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199681723.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter is devoted to concepts for realizing nitride quantum dots by epitaxial methods. It starts with GaN quantum dots (QDs) grown on AlN, as these quantum dots can be grown using the ... More


Quantum Confined Laser Devices: Optical gain and recombination in semiconductors

Peter Blood

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780199644513
eISBN:
9780191810329
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199644513.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This book looks at the fundamental optical gain and carrier recombination processes in quantum wells and quantum dots, via descriptions of common device structures to an understanding of their ... More


14 Stimulated emission and lasing in low-dimensional structures

Ivan Pelant and Jan Valenta

in Luminescence Spectroscopy of Semiconductors

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199588336
eISBN:
9780191738548
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588336.003.0014
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

Stimulated emission and lasing can be achieved easily in a number of semiconductor nanostructures. This chapter gives an overview of a series of physical mechanisms that were found experimentally to ... More


Optical Devices

John Orton and Tom Foxon

in Molecular Beam Epitaxy: A Short History

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780199695829
eISBN:
9780191748844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695829.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Optical devices grown by MBE include semiconductor lasers, vertical cavity and quantum cascade lasers, photodetectors and solar cells. The GaAs laser is covered in detail, followed by that of quantum ... More


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