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Quantum Optics

John Garrison and Raymond Chiao

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198508861
eISBN:
9780191708640
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508861.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

Quantum optics is the field of physics describing the interaction of individual photons with matter, but in recent years it has expanded beyond pure physics to become an important driving force for ... More


Probing and manipulating spin effects in quantum dots

S. Tarucha, M. Stopa, S. Sasaki, and K. Ono

in Concepts in Spin Electronics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568216
eISBN:
9780191718212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568216.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Probing and manipulating spin effects in quantum dots are described in this chapter. Electronic configuration in quantum dots is tunable with various parameters such as number of electrons, magnetic ... More


Concepts in Spin Electronics

Sadamichi Maekawa (ed.)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568216
eISBN:
9780191718212
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568216.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Nowadays, information technology is based on semiconductor and ferromagnetic materials. Information processing and computation are performed using electron charge in semiconductor transistors and ... More


Quantum computation with trapped ions and atoms

F. Rohde and J. Eschner

in Ultracold Gases and Quantum Information: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School in Singapore: Volume 91, July 2009

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199603657
eISBN:
9780191729515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199603657.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter reviews the basic experimental techniques which enable quantum information processing (QIP) with trapped ions and, more briefly, with trapped atoms. In particular, it is explained how ... More


COHERENCE AND DECOHERENCE

Dante Gatteschi, Roberta Sessoli, and Jacques Villain

in Molecular Nanomagnets

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567530
eISBN:
9780191718298
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567530.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter focuses on coherence and decoherence, starting from the basis of quantum mechanics and including the classical paradox of Schrödinger’s cat and entanglement. Decoherence and relaxation ... More


Quantum Mechanics for Beginners: With Applications to Quantum Communication and Quantum Computing

M. Suhail Zubairy

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780198854227
eISBN:
9780191888649
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198854227.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Quantum mechanics is a highly successful yet a mysterious theory. Quantum Mechanics for Beginners provides an introduction of this fascinating subject to someone with only a high school background in ... More


Quantum information with lattice gases

Maciej Lewenstein, Anna Sanpera, and Verònica Ahufinger

in Ultracold Atoms in Optical Lattices: Simulating quantum many-body systems

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199573127
eISBN:
9780191775048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573127.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter discusses various possible implementations of universal quantum computing with lattice gases. In particular, it presents a quantum circuit model based on single and two orbit operations, ... More


Introduction to Quantum Computing

Andreas Bolfing

in Cryptographic Primitives in Blockchain Technology: A mathematical introduction

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198862840
eISBN:
9780191895463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198862840.003.0008
Subject:
Mathematics, Computational Mathematics / Optimization, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

This chapter gives a brief introduction to quantum computing, which is the discipline of studying algorithms based on the principles of quantum theory. It outlines the two fundamental quantum ... More


Quantum

Lance Fortnow

in The Golden Ticket: P, NP, and the Search for the Impossible

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691175782
eISBN:
9781400846610
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691175782.003.0009
Subject:
Computer Science, Programming Languages

This chapter examines the power of quantum computing, as well as the related concepts of quantum cryptography and teleportation. In 1982, the Nobel prize-winning physicist Richard Feynman noticed ... More


THE ACOUSTIC-WAVE DRIVEN QUANTUM PROCESSOR

C. H. W. Barnes and M. Pepper

in Problems of Condensed Matter Physics: Quantum coherence phenomena in electron-hole and coupled matter-light systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199238873
eISBN:
9780191716652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238873.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter reviews the use of surface acoustic waves (SAWs) in an electron-spin based quantum state processor. A SAW-induced electric current of discrete single or controllable numbers of ... More


Apart from Universes

David Deutsch

in Many Worlds?: Everett, Quantum Theory, and Reality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199560561
eISBN:
9780191721380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560561.003.0022
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

A collection of classical universes — even if they interact — is still classical. For instance, it doesn't have entanglement; its elements don't have phases to their amplitudes; it doesn't have ... More


Quantum Physics Takes Free Will into Account

Ignacio Cirac and Adolfo Plasencia

in Is the Universe a Hologram?: Scientists Answer the Most Provocative Questions

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262036016
eISBN:
9780262339308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036016.003.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

In this dialogue, the physicist Ignacio Cirac, director of the Theoretical Division of the Max Planck Institute for Quantum Optics, outlines why quantum physics has brought about a much greater ... More


The Dawn of Quantum Information

Gershon Kurizki and Goren Gordon

in The Quantum Matrix: Henry Bar's Perilous Struggle for Quantum Coherence

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780198787464
eISBN:
9780191829512
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198787464.003.0015
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Henry and Eve have finally tested their quantum computer (QC) with resounding success! It may enable much faster and better modelling of complex pharmaceutical designs, long-term weather forecasts or ... More


The mastered electron: molecular electronics

Jean-Pierre Launay and Michel Verdaguer

in Electrons in Molecules: From Basic Principles to Molecular Electronics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199297788
eISBN:
9780191747021
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297788.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

After an historical account of the evolution which led to the concept of molecular electronics, the ‘hybrid molecular electronics’ approach (molecules connected to nano-sized metallic electrodes) is ... More


Quantum error correction

I. L. Chuang

in Quantum Machines: Measurement and Control of Engineered Quantum Systems: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School: Volume 96, July 2011

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780199681181
eISBN:
9780191761454
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199681181.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter treats the subject of quantum error correction and fault-tolerant quantum computation. In particular, it presents the various representations of open-system quantum dynamics, insisting ... More


Quantum Computing I

M. Suhail Zubairy

in Quantum Mechanics for Beginners: With Applications to Quantum Communication and Quantum Computing

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780198854227
eISBN:
9780191888649
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198854227.003.0015
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

A remarkable application of quantum mechanical concepts of coherent superposition and quantum entanglement is a quantum computer which can solve certain problems at speeds unbelievably faster than ... More


QLB for Quantum Many-Body and Quantum Field Theory

Sauro Succi

in The Lattice Boltzmann Equation: For Complex States of Flowing Matter

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780199592357
eISBN:
9780191847967
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199592357.003.0033
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Chapter 32 expounded the basic theory of quantum LB for the case of relativistic and non-relativistic wavefunctions, namely single-particle quantum mechanics. This chapter goes on to cover extensions ... More


Inventing a New Physics of Computing

John E. Kelly and Steve Hamm

in Smart Machines: IBM's Watson and the Era of Cognitive Computing

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231168564
eISBN:
9780231537278
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231168564.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

This chapter examines the search for a new physics of computing. Scientists aim to produce computer chips that are much more densely packed than today's, and can offer much more functionality, ... More


A Graphical Approach to Measurement-BasedQuantum Computing

Ross Duncan

in Quantum Physics and Linguistics: A Compositional, Diagrammatic Discourse

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199646296
eISBN:
9780191747847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646296.003.0003
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

Quantum computations are easily represented in the graphical notation known as the zx-calculus, also known as the red–green calculus. We demonstrate its use in reasoning about measurement-based ... More


The mastered electron: molecular electronics and spintronics, molecular machines

Jean-Pierre Launay and Michel Verdaguer

in Electrons in Molecules: From Basic Principles to Molecular Electronics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780198814597
eISBN:
9780191852411
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198814597.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

After a historical account of the evolution which led to the concept of Molecular Electronics, the “Hybrid Molecular Electronics” approach (that is, molecules connected to nanosized metallic ... More


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