Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 20 items

  • Keywords: quantum computers x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

Minds Human, Artificial, and Divine

John Leslie

in Infinite Minds: A Philosophical Cosmology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199248933
eISBN:
9780191697791
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199248933.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Metaphysics/Epistemology

One key subject that is presented here is the idea that any states of mind intrinsically worth experiencing must be more than just collections of elements, the existence of which is separate from ... More


Quantum information with lattice gases

Maciej Lewenstein, Anna Sanpera, and Verònica Ahufinger

in Ultracold Atoms in Optical Lattices: Simulating quantum many-body systems

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199573127
eISBN:
9780191775048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573127.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter discusses various possible implementations of universal quantum computing with lattice gases. In particular, it presents a quantum circuit model based on single and two orbit operations, ... More


Quantum algorithms

Vlatko Vedral

in Introduction to Quantum Information Science

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199215706
eISBN:
9780191706783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199215706.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

As computers get faster and faster, the size of the circuitry imprinted onto silicon chips decreases. The size of the circuitry becomes so small that its behavior is governed by the laws of quantum ... More


Quantum Computation

Cristopher Moore and Stephan Mertens

in The Nature of Computation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199233212
eISBN:
9780191775079
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233212.003.0015
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

According to the Church-Turing Thesis, a Turing machine, and thus the programming languages and computers in existence, can simulate any reasonable computing device. However, there are physical ... More


Quantum error correction

Vlatko Vedral

in Introduction to Quantum Information Science

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199215706
eISBN:
9780191706783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199215706.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Quantum error correction is a very advanced field, and researchers have invested a great deal of time in trying to find the best ways of combating errors in quantum computers, winch occur when the ... More


Quantum

Lance Fortnow

in The Golden Ticket: P, NP, and the Search for the Impossible

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691175782
eISBN:
9781400846610
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691175782.003.0009
Subject:
Computer Science, Programming Languages

This chapter examines the power of quantum computing, as well as the related concepts of quantum cryptography and teleportation. In 1982, the Nobel prize-winning physicist Richard Feynman noticed ... More


Surfing the Waves: Hyper-Fast Computers

Vlatko Vedral

in Decoding Reality: The Universe as Quantum Information

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198815433
eISBN:
9780191917240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198815433.003.0016
Subject:
Computer Science, Mathematical Theory of Computation

Who hasn’t heard of a computer? In a society entirely dominated by these transistor infested boxes there are probably only a few remaining isolated tribes in the Amazon or around the Kalahari that ... More


Quantum Physics Takes Free Will into Account

Ignacio Cirac and Adolfo Plasencia

in Is the Universe a Hologram?: Scientists Answer the Most Provocative Questions

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262036016
eISBN:
9780262339308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036016.003.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

In this dialogue, the physicist Ignacio Cirac, director of the Theoretical Division of the Max Planck Institute for Quantum Optics, outlines why quantum physics has brought about a much greater ... More


Next Steps

Chris Bleakley

in Poems That Solve Puzzles: The History and Science of Algorithms

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198853732
eISBN:
9780191888168
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198853732.003.0013
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

Chapter 13 investigates cryptocurrency and quantum computing. Bitcoin – the world’s first cryptocurrency - was released by Satoshi Nakamoto in 2009. Unlike conventional money, Bitcoin transactions ... More


Is the whole universe a computer?

Jack Copeland and Mark Sprevak

in The Turing Guide

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198747826
eISBN:
9780191916946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198747826.003.0054
Subject:
Computer Science, History of Computer Science

The theory that the whole universe is a computer is a bold and striking one. It is a theory of everything: the entire universe is to be understood, fundamentally, in terms of the universal ... More


Sand Reckoning: Whose Information is It, Anyway?

Vlatko Vedral

in Decoding Reality: The Universe as Quantum Information

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198815433
eISBN:
9780191917240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198815433.003.0019
Subject:
Computer Science, Mathematical Theory of Computation

In Chapter 9 we discussed the idea of a universal Turing machine. This machine is capable of simulating any other machine given sufficient time and energy. For example, we discussed how your fridge ... More


Children of the Aimless Chance: Randomness versus Determinism

Vlatko Vedral

in Decoding Reality: The Universe as Quantum Information

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198815433
eISBN:
9780191917240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198815433.003.0017
Subject:
Computer Science, Mathematical Theory of Computation

In our search for the ultimate law, P, that allows us to encode the whole of reality we have come across a very fundamental obstacle. As Deutsch argued, P cannot be all-encompassing, simply because ... More


Is the whole universe a computer?

Jack Copeland and Mark Sprevak

in The Turing Guide

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198747826
eISBN:
9780191916946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198747826.003.0054
Subject:
Computer Science, History of Computer Science

The theory that the whole universe is a computer is a bold and striking one. It is a theory of everything: the entire universe is to be understood, ... More


Cryptographic Primitives in Blockchain Technology: A mathematical introduction

Andreas Bolfing

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198862840
eISBN:
9780191895463
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198862840.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Computational Mathematics / Optimization, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

Many online applications, especially in the financial industries, are running on blockchain technologies in a decentralized manner, without the use of an authoritative entity or a trusted third ... More


Turing’s legacy

Jonathan Bowen and Jack Copeland

in The Turing Guide

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198747826
eISBN:
9780191916946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198747826.003.0055
Subject:
Computer Science, History of Computer Science

In terms of public appreciation Turing has risen quickly from zero to hero. The decades of obscurity (Who did you say? Turning?) came to an end with the much-publicized Royal Pardon of 2013 and, ... More


Remembering Our Future: The Frontier of Search Technologies

Ricardo Baeza-Yates and Adolfo Ricardo

in Is the Universe a Hologram?: Scientists Answer the Most Provocative Questions

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262036016
eISBN:
9780262339308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036016.003.0017
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

In this dialogue, the computer scientist Ricardo Baeza-Yates explains why search technologies enable behavioral patterns which are more deterministic for some people rather than others to be ... More


Information for all Seasons

Vlatko Vedral

in Decoding Reality: The Universe as Quantum Information

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198815433
eISBN:
9780191917240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198815433.003.0007
Subject:
Computer Science, Mathematical Theory of Computation

Imagine that you arrive late at a party. Everyone is already there, sitting at a big round table. The host invites you to sit down with the others and you realize that they are engaged in what ... More


Turing’s legacy

Jonathan Bowen and Jack Copeland

in The Turing Guide

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198747826
eISBN:
9780191916946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198747826.003.0055
Subject:
Computer Science, History of Computer Science

In terms of public appreciation Turing has risen quickly from zero to hero. The decades of obscurity (Who did you say? Turning?) came to an end with the ... More


Epilogue

Ronald M. Baecker

in Computers and Society: Modern Perspectives

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198827085
eISBN:
9780191917318
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198827085.003.0020
Subject:
Computer Science, Human-Computer Interaction

In the preceding pages, we have introduced, explained, and discussed a large and growing number of ways in which digital technologies are affecting our world. The pace of change is accelerating. ... More


Back to Basics: Bits and Pieces

Vlatko Vedral

in Decoding Reality: The Universe as Quantum Information

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198815433
eISBN:
9780191917240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198815433.003.0009
Subject:
Computer Science, Mathematical Theory of Computation

The concept of information is so ubiquitous nowadays that it is simply unavoidable. It has revolutionized the way we perceive the world, and for someone not to know that we live in the information ... More


View: