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Vlatko Vedral

in Introduction to Quantum Information Science

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199215706
eISBN:
9780191706783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199215706.003.0014
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This book has discussed the foundations of quantum information science as well as the relationship between physics and information theory in general. It has considered the quantum equivalents of the ... More


Entanglement, computation and quantum measurements

Vlatko Vedral

in Introduction to Quantum Information Science

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199215706
eISBN:
9780191706783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199215706.003.00012
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter introduces a method that combines the concepts of quantum entanglement with those of quantum algorithms. In particular, some bounds are placed on the efficiency (speedup) of quantum ... More


Problems of Condensed Matter Physics: Quantum coherence phenomena in electron-hole and coupled matter-light systems

Alexei L. Ivanov and Sergei G. Tikhodeev (eds)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199238873
eISBN:
9780191716652
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238873.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The book, which is dedicated to Prof. Leonid V. Keldysh on his 75th anniversary, is a collection of review papers written by experts in condensed matter physics such as V. M. Agranovich, B. L. ... More


Quantum Computation

Cristopher Moore and Stephan Mertens

in The Nature of Computation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199233212
eISBN:
9780191775079
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233212.003.0015
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

According to the Church-Turing Thesis, a Turing machine, and thus the programming languages and computers in existence, can simulate any reasonable computing device. However, there are physical ... More


Quantum computing and entanglement: Les Houches School Singapore, June 29th–July 24th 2009

Dagmar Bruß and Chiara Macchiavello

in Ultracold Gases and Quantum Information: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School in Singapore: Volume 91, July 2009

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199603657
eISBN:
9780191729515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199603657.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter contains an introduction to the main concepts in quantum computation and entanglement. It starts with a brief introduction to computational complexity and then introduces quantum gates ... More


Quantum error correction

Vlatko Vedral

in Introduction to Quantum Information Science

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199215706
eISBN:
9780191706783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199215706.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Quantum error correction is a very advanced field, and researchers have invested a great deal of time in trying to find the best ways of combating errors in quantum computers, winch occur when the ... More


Phenomena and devices at the quantum scale and the mesoscale

Sandip Tiwari

in Nanoscale Device Physics: Science and Engineering Fundamentals

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780198759874
eISBN:
9780191820847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198759874.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

Unique nanoscale phenomena arise in quantum and mesoscale properties and there are additional intriguing twists from effects that are classical in origin. In this chapter, these are brought forth ... More


Quantum Computation and the Church–Turing Hypothesis

Christopher G. Timpson

in Quantum Information Theory and the Foundations of Quantum Mechanics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199296460
eISBN:
9780191741791
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296460.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Some of the philosophical questions raised by the theory of quantum computation are discussed. First it is considered whether the possibility of exponential speed-up in quantum computation provides ... More


Quantum Information Theory

Christopher G. Timpson

in Quantum Information Theory and the Foundations of Quantum Mechanics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199296460
eISBN:
9780191741791
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296460.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The approach to thinking about information developed in the previous chapter is turned towards the quantum theory. First, some of the characteristic ideas and applications of quantum information ... More


Introduction to quantum information

Stephen M. Barnett

in Quantum Optics and Nanophotonics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780198768609
eISBN:
9780191822353
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198768609.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter gives a short introduction to the field of quantum information. Although the chapter is self-contained, it cannot hope to cover the totality of what is now a large and active field of ... More


Classical information

Vlatko Vedral

in Introduction to Quantum Information Science

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199215706
eISBN:
9780191706783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199215706.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This book deals with the basic concept of information, its importance, and the similarities and differences between classical and quantum information. First, classical information theory and its ... More


The Work Continues

Andrew Whitaker

in John Stewart Bell and Twentieth-Century Physics: Vision and Integrity

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198742999
eISBN:
9780191802959
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198742999.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Since Bell’s death, interest in his work and quantum foundations in general, and the amount of application of his work, have grown steadily. Work on Bell’s inequality has continued, each loophole has ... More


Quantum information science: experimental implementation with trapped ions

T. Monz, P. Schindler, D. Nigg, and R. Blatt

in Quantum Machines: Measurement and Control of Engineered Quantum Systems: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School: Volume 96, July 2011

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780199681181
eISBN:
9780191761454
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199681181.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses ion-trap-based quantum computation. Itexplains why ion traps constitute the most advanced quantum information processors to date.


Bananaworld: Quantum Mechanics for Primates

Jeffrey Bub

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198718536
eISBN:
9780191819643
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198718536.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The fascinating discoveries of the new fields of quantum information, quantum computation, and quantum cryptography are brought to life in this book in a way that is accessible and interesting to a ... More


Nanoscale Device Physics: Science and Engineering Fundamentals

Sandip Tiwari

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780198759874
eISBN:
9780191820847
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198759874.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

Nanoscale devices are distinguishable from the larger microscale devices in their specific dependence on physical phenomena and effects that are central to their operation. The size change manifests ... More


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