Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 20 items

  • Keywords: quantum chromodynamics x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

What are things made of?

A. J. Leggett

in The Problems of Physics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199211241
eISBN:
9780191706837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211241.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter examines the questions why one learns more about the structure of matter at the subatomic level by accelerating particles to high energies, and what it means to say that a new particle ... More


Sublime Marvel

Gian Francesco Giudice

in A Zeptospace Odyssey: A Journey into the Physics of the LHC

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199581917
eISBN:
9780191723001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199581917.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The modern theory of particle physics, called the Standard Model, describes electromagnetic, weak, and strong forces and all known forms of matter in terms a single conceptual principle. This chapter ... More


Deep Inelastic Scattering

Robin Devenish and Amanda Cooper-Sarkar

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198506713
eISBN:
9780191709562
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198506713.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The book provides a self-contained account of deep inelastic scattering (DIS) in high energy physics. It covers the classic results that lead to the quark-parton model of hadrons and the ... More


Matter and Energy

Manfred Eigen

in From Strange Simplicity to Complex Familiarity: A Treatise on Matter, Information, Life and Thought

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780198570219
eISBN:
9780191748974
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570219.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

“We do not really know what energy is”. This was the conclusion of Richard Feynman, who in the 20th century contributed so much to our understanding of the nature of energy. The first chapter deals ... More


Introduction

Robin Devenish and Amanda Cooper-Sarkar

in Deep Inelastic Scattering

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198506713
eISBN:
9780191709562
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198506713.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter introduces the basic idea of scattering experiments as a probe of spatial structure and forces. It explains the meaning of the term deep inelastic using elementary arguments. A broadly ... More


The Standard Model. Anomalies

JEAN ZINN-JUSTIN

in Quantum Field Theory and Critical Phenomena

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198509233
eISBN:
9780191708732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509233.003.0020
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Chapter 19 discussed the structure and the formal properties of non-abelian gauge theories. This chapter applies this formalism to the description of some general properties of the Standard Model of ... More


Quantum Chromodynamics

Michael E. Peskin

in Concepts of Elementary Particle Physics

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780198812180
eISBN:
9780191850301
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198812180.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter introduces non-Abelian gauge symmetry and the associated field equations for spin-1 particles. It proposes the gauge theory Quantum Chromodynamics as the theory of the strong ... More


Random matrix theory and quantum chromodynamics

Gernot Akemann

in Stochastic Processes and Random Matrices: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School: Volume 104, July 2015

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780198797319
eISBN:
9780191838774
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198797319.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter was originally presented to a mixed audience of physicists and mathematicians with some basic working knowledge of random matrix theory. The first part is devoted to the solution of the ... More


Topological Classification Of Defects

VOLOVIK GRIGORY E.

in The Universe in a Helium Droplet

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199564842
eISBN:
9780191709906
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199564842.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The effective metric and effective gauge fields are simulated in superfluids by the inhomogeneity of the superfluid vacuum. In superfluids, many inhomogeneous configurations of the vacuum are stable ... More


Scales IV: Long-distance structure of quantum field theory

Anthony Duncan

in The Conceptual Framework of Quantum Field Theory

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199573264
eISBN:
9780191743313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573264.003.0019
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter focuses on aspects of the long-distance behaviour of field theory. In a theory with only massive fields, this behaviour is essentially trivial: clustering is exponentially rapid, with ... More


Concepts of Elementary Particle Physics

Michael E. Peskin

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780198812180
eISBN:
9780191850301
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198812180.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This is a textbook of elementary particle physics whose goal is to explain the Standard Model of particle interactions. Part I introduces the basic concepts governing high-energy particle physics: ... More


The Existence of Field Theories beyond the Perturbation Expansion

Laurent Baulieu, John Iliopoulos, and Roland Sénéor

in From Classical to Quantum Fields

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780198788393
eISBN:
9780191830310
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198788393.003.0024
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The standard model of fundamental interactions. A brief summary of the phenomenology of weak interactions. The construction of the electroweak theory and its experimental consequences. The deep ... More


Particle Physics in the LHC Era

Giles Barr, Robin Devenish, Roman Walczak, and Tony Weidberg

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198748557
eISBN:
9780191811203
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198748557.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This book gives a modern introduction to particle physics. The main mathematical tools required for the rest of the book are developed in Chapter 2. A quantitative introduction to accelerator physics ... More


The Atom: discovery

Robert T. Hanlon

in Block by Block: The Historical and Theoretical Foundations of Thermodynamics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780198851547
eISBN:
9780191886133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198851547.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Many independent discoveries led to the discovery of the atom. Einstein’s explanation of Brownian motion provided proof that atoms exist. J.J. Thomson identified the cathode rays produced in Crookes‘ ... More


Duality in generalized Ising models

Franz J. Wegner

in Topological Aspects of Condensed Matter Physics: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School: Volume 103, August 2014

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780198785781
eISBN:
9780191827600
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198785781.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

These lecture notes deal with Ising models with interactions containing products of more than two spins. After a number of examples have been given, some general statements are presented. Of ... More


Trinity

Steven E. Vigdor

in Signatures of the Artist: The Vital Imperfections That Make Our Universe Habitable

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780198814825
eISBN:
9780191852954
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198814825.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Chapter 3 explains evidence for three generations of quarks and leptons, as needed to provide natural means for standard model CP violation. It describes the cross-generational mixing of quarks and ... More


Dynamic quarks

G. Barr, R. Devenish, R. Walczak, and T. Weidberg

in Particle Physics in the LHC Era

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198748557
eISBN:
9780191811203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198748557.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

In this chapter, the Rutherford scattering formula is derived using quantum mechanics. The kinematics of the quark–parton model (QPM) are described. The differential cross section for neutrino and ... More


Effective Field Theories for Heavy Quarks: Heavy Quark Effective Theory and Heavy Quark Expansion

Thomas Mannel

in Effective Field Theory in Particle Physics and Cosmology: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School: Volume 108, July 2017

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780198855743
eISBN:
9780191889370
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198855743.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The heavy quark effective theory (HQET) and the heavy quark expansion (HQE) have developed into the standard tools in heavy-flavour physics. The lectures in this chapter introduce the basics of the ... More


The Standard Model (SM) of fundamental interactions

Jean Zinn-Justin

in Quantum Field Theory and Critical Phenomena: Fifth Edition

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
June 2021
ISBN:
9780198834625
eISBN:
9780191872723
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198834625.003.0023
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The Standard Model (SM) 2020 of weak, electromagnetic and strong interactions, based on gauge symmetry and spontaneous symmetry breaking, describes all known fundamental interactions at the ... More


Lattice gauge theories: Introduction

Jean Zinn-Justin

in Quantum Field Theory and Critical Phenomena: Fifth Edition

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
June 2021
ISBN:
9780198834625
eISBN:
9780191872723
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198834625.003.0025
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Lattice gauge theories are based on the notion of parallel transport. They can be considered as non-perturbative regularizations of the continuum gauge theories in the sense of a low-temperature ... More


View: