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Magnetotransport in two-dimensional systems

Thomas Ihn

in Semiconductor Nanostructures: Quantum states and electronic transport

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199534425
eISBN:
9780191715297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534425.003.0016
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses a number of quantum phenomena brought about by electronic transport at high magnetic fields. As a first step, the Shubnikov–de Haas effect is introduced. In order to understand ... More


Quantum Hall effects

Mark O. Goerbig

in Ultracold Gases and Quantum Information: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School in Singapore: Volume 91, July 2009

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199603657
eISBN:
9780191729515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199603657.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter yields an introduction to quantum Hall effects both for non-relativistic electrons in conventional two-dimensional electron gases (such as in semiconductor heterostructures) and ... More


Problems of Condensed Matter Physics: Quantum coherence phenomena in electron-hole and coupled matter-light systems

Alexei L. Ivanov and Sergei G. Tikhodeev (eds)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199238873
eISBN:
9780191716652
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238873.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The book, which is dedicated to Prof. Leonid V. Keldysh on his 75th anniversary, is a collection of review papers written by experts in condensed matter physics such as V. M. Agranovich, B. L. ... More


Low dimensional structures

John Orton

in The Story of Semiconductors

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199559107
eISBN:
9780191712975
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559107.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

During the 1970s, III-V compounds and epitaxial crystal growth provided the basis for low dimensional structures (or nanostructures). The best known example is a GaAs quantum well within AlGaAs ... More


Semiconductor Nanostructures: Quantum states and electronic transport

Thomas Ihn

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199534425
eISBN:
9780191715297
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534425.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This book presents the physics of semiconductor nanostructures with emphasis on their electronic transport properties. At its heart are five fundamental transport phenomena: quantized conductance, ... More


COMPOSITE FERMIONS AND THE FRACTIONAL QUANTUM HALL EFFECT IN A TWO-DIMENSIONAL ELECTRON SYSTEM

I. V. Kukushkin, J. H. Smet, and K. von Klitzing

in Problems of Condensed Matter Physics: Quantum coherence phenomena in electron-hole and coupled matter-light systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199238873
eISBN:
9780191716652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238873.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter analyzes the fractional quantum Hall effect and composite fermions in a two-dimensional electron system. The underlying picture of a composite fermion, a quasi-particle consisting of one ... More


Quantum Field Theory of Many-Body Systems: From the Origin of Sound to an Origin of Light and Electrons

Xiao-Gang Wen

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199227259
eISBN:
9780191713019
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199227259.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

For most of the last century, condensed matter physics has been dominated by band theory and Landau's symmetry breaking theory. In the last twenty years, however, there has been an emergence of a new ... More


Phenomena and devices at the quantum scale and the mesoscale

Sandip Tiwari

in Nanoscale Device Physics: Science and Engineering Fundamentals

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780198759874
eISBN:
9780191820847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198759874.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

Unique nanoscale phenomena arise in quantum and mesoscale properties and there are additional intriguing twists from effects that are classical in origin. In this chapter, these are brought forth ... More


Ultracold atomic gases in ‘artificial’ gauge fields

Maciej Lewenstein, Anna Sanpera, and Verònica Ahufinger

in Ultracold Atoms in Optical Lattices: Simulating quantum many-body systems

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199573127
eISBN:
9780191775048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573127.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter discusses the physics of ultracold gases in ‘artificial’ magnetic fields. The analogy between electronic systems in the presence of external magnetic fields and ultracold gases in ... More


Introduction

Lucjan Jacak, Piotr Sitko, Konrad Wieczorek, and Arkadiusz Wojs

in Quantum Hall systems: Braid groups, composite fermions and fractional charge

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198528708
eISBN:
9780191713477
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528708.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This introductory chapter starts with short review of experimental and theoretical description of integral and fractional quantum Hall effects. The standard quantization of states of charged ... More


Low-Dimensional Structures

John Orton and Tom Foxon

in Molecular Beam Epitaxy: A Short History

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780199695829
eISBN:
9780191748844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695829.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Low-dimensional structures consisting of semiconductor heterostructures of thickness down to a very few atomic monolayers were grown ideally by MBE and resulted in a surge of interest in MBE itself. ... More


Entanglement spectroscopy and its application to the quantum Hall effects

Nicolas Regnault

in Topological Aspects of Condensed Matter Physics: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School: Volume 103, August 2014

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780198785781
eISBN:
9780191827600
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198785781.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Entanglement spectroscopy has stimulated an extensive range of studies. The entanglement spectrum is the spectrum of the reduced density matrix when the system is partitioned into two. For many ... More


An introduction to topological phases of electrons

Joel E. Moore

in Topological Aspects of Condensed Matter Physics: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School: Volume 103, August 2014

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780198785781
eISBN:
9780191827600
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198785781.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

These lecture notes seek to present a coherent picture of some key aspects of topological insulators and the quantum Hall effect. Rather than aiming for completeness or historical accuracy, the goal ... More


Quantum Hall states of ultracold atomic gases

Nigel R. Cooper

in Many-Body Physics with Ultracold Gases: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School: Volume 94, July 2010

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199661886
eISBN:
9780191748356
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661886.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter reviews the theoretical understanding of Bose and Fermi superfluids under rotation (or in an effective magnetic field) while placing this in context of the current experimental status. ... More


The fractional quantum Hall fluid

Tom Lancaster and Stephen J. Blundell

in Quantum Field Theory for the Gifted Amateur

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199699322
eISBN:
9780191779435
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199699322.003.0046
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The fractional quantum Hall effect is introduced in this chapter and it explains how quasiparticles carrying fractional charge emerge in this theory.


The Fractional Quantum Hall Effect In Composite Fermion Systems

Lucjan Jacak, Piotr Sitko, Konrad Wieczorek, and Arkadiusz Wojs

in Quantum Hall systems: Braid groups, composite fermions and fractional charge

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198528708
eISBN:
9780191713477
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528708.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter analyzes the fractional quantum Hall effect in composite fermion systems. The basic idea of composite fermions conceived by Jain and its relation with the Laughlin wave function are ... More


The Quantum Hall Effects

J. B. Ketterson

in The Physics of Solids

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780198742906
eISBN:
9780191821523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198742906.003.0048
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter first analyses the integer quantum Hall effect, covering an electron in two dimensions in a magnetic field; a two-dimensional electron gas in a magnetic field; motion under orthogonal ... More


Silicon, Silicon, and yet more Silicon

John Orton

in The Story of Semiconductors

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199559107
eISBN:
9780191712975
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559107.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

This chapter describes the establishment of silicon as the dominant semiconductor in modern electronics. Not only was it the preferred material for the manufacture of integrated circuits, but also ... More


Anomalous properties of graphene

E. L. Wolf

in Graphene: A New Paradigm in Condensed Matter and Device Physics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199645862
eISBN:
9780191767852
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199645862.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The disintegration of graphene near 5,000 K is modeled by Ito and Nakamura to produce linear chain fragments. It appears from modelling that the disintegrations initiate in “locally crumpled” ... More


Emergent Quasiparticles: Or, How to Get a Rich Physics from a Sober Metaphysics

Alexandre Guay and Olivier Sartenaer

in Individuation, Process, and Scientific Practices

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780190636814
eISBN:
9780190636845
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190636814.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Among the very architects of the recent reemergence of emergentism in the physical sciences, Robert B. Laughlin certainly occupies a prominent place. Through a series of works beginning as early as ... More


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