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Beyond Regression: The Need for Predictive Models

Rein Taagepera

in Making Social Sciences More Scientific: The Need for Predictive Models

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199534661
eISBN:
9780191715921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534661.003.0018
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

Society needs more from social sciences than they have delivered, and this book offers openings. To the society at large, quantitative social scientists presently seem no better at prediction than ... More


Talk that Counts: Age, Gender, and Social Class Differences in Discourse

Ronald K. S. Macaulay

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195173819
eISBN:
9780199788361
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173819.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This work is a sociolinguistic study employing quantitative methods to explore age, gender, and social class differences in the use of a range of discourse features. It is based on a gender-balanced ... More


The Dissertation: From Beginning to End

Peter Lyons and Howard J. Doueck

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195373912
eISBN:
9780199865604
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373912.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This book is intended to be read at any stage in the dissertation process, but will be particularly useful in the early stages of preparation for a social work dissertation, and as a reference ... More


Applications of Neutron Powder Diffraction

Erich H. Kisi and Christopher J. Howard

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780198515944
eISBN:
9780191705663
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515944.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This book covers the theory, practicalities, and the extensive applications of neutron powder diffraction in materials science, physics, chemistry, mineralogy, and engineering. Various highlight ... More


A Panel Data Analysis of Corporate Governance Change

Roger M. Barker

in Corporate Governance, Competition, and Political Parties: Explaining Corporate Governance Change in Europe

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199576814
eISBN:
9780191722509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199576814.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business, Corporate Governance and Accountability

A panel data econometric analysis of corporate governance change is undertaken utilizing a data set of fifteen nonliberal market economies covering the period 1975–2003. The results of this analysis ... More


The Shape of Sociology

A. H. Halsey

in A History of Sociology in Britain: Science, Literature, and Society

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199266609
eISBN:
9780191601019
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199266603.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

There was a dramatic expansion of numbers but was there a parallel multiplication of theory and methods of research in the twentieth century? An answer is attempted here based on content analysis of ... More


Korean Democracy in Transition: A Rational Blueprint for Developing Societies

HeeMin Kim

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813129945
eISBN:
9780813135748
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813129945.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

As Asian countries emerge as global economic powers, many undergo fundamental political transformations. This book evaluates the past thirty years of political change in South Korea, including the ... More


Finding and Evaluating Evidence: Systematic Reviews and Evidence-Based Practice

Denise E. Bronson and Tamara S. Davis

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195337365
eISBN:
9780199918201
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195337365.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

Evidence-based practice (EBP) promises to have a profound impact on social work practice, education, and scholarship, but adopting EBP depends on the availability of evidence to support this ... More


Can Social Science Approaches Find the Law of Gravitation?

Rein Taagepera

in Making Social Sciences More Scientific: The Need for Predictive Models

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199534661
eISBN:
9780191715921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534661.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

When a number of social scientists were given synthetic data that fitted the universal law of gravitation, they all missed the underlying pattern. Yet they found results satisfactory and complete by ... More


All Hypotheses Are Not Created Equal

Rein Taagepera

in Making Social Sciences More Scientific: The Need for Predictive Models

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199534661
eISBN:
9780191715921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534661.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

The null hypothesis offers close to null prediction. Directional hypotheses are relatively easy to satisfy and offer correspondingly vague predictions. Quantitative hypotheses (models) are hard to ... More


A Tale of Two Cultures: Qualitative and Quantitative Research in the Social Sciences

Gary Goertz and James Mahoney

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149707
eISBN:
9781400845446
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149707.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

Some in the social sciences argue that the same logic applies to both qualitative and quantitative research methods. This book demonstrates that these two paradigms constitute different cultures, ... More


Scope and Methods

John Child, David Faulkner, and Robert Pitkethly

in The Management of International Acquisitions

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199267101
eISBN:
9780191716706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267101.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business

This chapter describes the scope and methods of the original research undertaken for this book. It explains how the combination of a survey and case studies — employing primarily quantitative and ... More


Neural Networks and Brain Function

Edmund Rolls and Alessandro Treves

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524328
eISBN:
9780191724466
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524328.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

The aim of this book is to describe the types of computation that can be performed by biologically plausible neural networks, and to show how these may be implemented in different systems in the ... More


The National Problem

Raymond P. Scheindlin

in Song of the Distant Dove: Judah Halevi’s Pilgrimage

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195315424
eISBN:
9780199872039
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315424.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

Halevi’s work is partly a reaction to the deteriorating political and intellectual conditions of the time, the former undermining the Jewish claim to a special covenant with God, and the latter ... More


Quantitative Analysis and Qualitative Case Study Research

Dale C. Copeland

in Economic Interdependence and War

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161587
eISBN:
9781400852703
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161587.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter explores the degree to which an expectations approach can help us make sense of the seemingly contradictory findings of the large-N quantitative research that has dominated the study of ... More


That Men Would Praise the Lord: The Reformation in Nimes, 1530-1570

Allan Tulchin

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199736522
eISBN:
9780199866229
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199736522.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This book breaks apart the process of mass conversion in the sixteenth century to explain why the Reformation occurred, using Nîmes, the most Protestant town in France, as a case study. Beginning in ... More


Incorporating information on variables

J. C. Gower and G. B. Dijksterhuis

in Procrustes Problems

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198510581
eISBN:
9780191708961
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198510581.003.0011
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

All projection Procrustes methods may be treated as a generalized orthogonal rotation, part of which comprises the projection. It follows that after these types of Procrustes analyses, the embedded ... More


MUSICAL RESEARCH IN CRISIS: The Tower of Babel and the Ministry of Truth

Kevin Korsyn

in Decentering Music: A Critique of Contemporary Musical Research

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195104547
eISBN:
9780199868988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195104547.003.0002
Subject:
Music, Theory, Analysis, Composition

This chapter begins with a discussion of the crisis confronting musical scholarship. Musical research is described as becoming like a Tower of Babel, where members of opposing groups seem to be ... More


The Niche Concept

Eric Post

in Ecology of Climate Change: The Importance of Biotic Interactions

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148472
eISBN:
9781400846139
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148472.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter discusses the niche concept. One of the earliest applications of the niche theory in quantitative ecology addressed the seemingly simple question of the extent to which the niches of two ... More


Conducting Mixed-Methods Research: An Illustration With American Indians in the United States

Jorge Delva, Paula Allen-Meares, and Sandra L. Momper

in Cross-Cultural Research

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195382501
eISBN:
9780199777419
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195382501.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

In this chapter we utilize two studies to describe the application of mixed-methods research. Study 1 was an explanatory study of the intersection of maternal gambling, parenting, self-efficacy, ... More


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