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Negative Indefinites

Doris Penka

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199567263
eISBN:
9780191723261
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567263.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Syntax and Morphology

This exploration of the syntax-semantics interface is concerned with negative indefinites like English ‘nobody’, ‘nothing’, etc. and their counterparts in other languages. A cross-linguistically ... More


Quantifiers in Language and Logic

Stanley Peters and Dag Westerståhl

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199291267
eISBN:
9780191700590
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291267.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Quantification is a topic which brings together linguistics, logic, and philosophy. Quantifiers are the essential tools with which, in language or logic, we refer to quantity of things or amount of ... More


Modal Logic: An Introduction to its Syntax and Semantics

Nino B. Cocchiarella and Max A. Freund

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195366587
eISBN:
9780199851898
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366587.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

In this text, a variety of modal logics at the sentential, first-order, and second-order levels are developed with clarity, precision, and philosophical insight. All of the S1-S5 modal logics of ... More


Sentence Primacy

Robert J. Stainton

in Words and Thoughts: Subsentences, Ellipsis, and the Philosophy of Language

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199250387
eISBN:
9780191719523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250387.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter lays out five different ways of reading the context principle: methodological, metasemantic, pragmatic, semantic, and psychological. It notes several rationales for embracing the ... More


Knowledge Ascriptions and Context‐Sensitivity

Jason Stanley

in Knowledge and Practical Interests

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199288038
eISBN:
9780191603679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199288038.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter considers a range of context-dependent constructions, and concludes that there are sufficiently significant disanalogies between all of them and the behavior of epistemic predicates such ... More


Natural Language Issues

Thomas J. McKay

in Plural Predication

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199278145
eISBN:
9780191707971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278145.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter connects formal language more explicitly with some problems in formal representation of English sentences. This provides a better understanding of the formal apparatus, and it also ... More


Set Theoretic Semantics

Thomas J. McKay

in Plural Predication

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199278145
eISBN:
9780191707971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278145.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter presents the development of the semantics within a set-theoretic context. It also provides a base for reconsidering limitations of the set-theoretic approach.


THE : Context Sensitivity

Thomas J. McKay

in Plural Predication

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199278145
eISBN:
9780191707971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278145.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter considers the significance of the context sensitivity of definite descriptions (singular and plural) and suggests some ways of understanding it. It argues that many uses of definite ... More


EF-tools for Polyadic Quantifiers

Stanley Peters

in Quantifiers in Language and Logic

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199291267
eISBN:
9780191700590
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291267.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter considers how the Ehrenfeucht-Fraïssé (EF) technique can be made to work for arbitrary quantifiers and structures. First, two-person games are described, followed by some relatively ... More


A Theory of Bondage (2006) *

Nathan Salmon

in Content, Cognition, and Communication: Philosophical Papers II

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199284726
eISBN:
9780191713774
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199284726.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter draws a sharp distinction between the classical semantics of expressions, in the tradition of Tarski, and the non-classical semantics of expression-occurrences in the tradition of Frege. ... More


 Handling Existence Questions

Amie L. Thomasson

in Ordinary Objects

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195319910
eISBN:
9780199869602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195319910.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter investigates what is involved in asking general ontological questions such as: “what exists?” and “how many things are there?” It is argued that well-formed existence and counting ... More


Relational Belief (1995) *

Nathan Salmon

in Content, Cognition, and Communication: Philosophical Papers II

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199284726
eISBN:
9780191713774
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199284726.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter investigates the arguments and proposals made by Quine in ‘Quantifiers and Propositional Attitudes’. Quine's proposal to distinguish two kinds of believing is criticized. It is shown ... More


ADJOINTS

Steve Awodey

in Category Theory

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568612
eISBN:
9780191717567
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568612.003.0009
Subject:
Mathematics, Algebra

This chapter focuses on notion of adjoint functor, which applies everything that has been learned so far to unify and subsume all the different universal mapping properties encountered, from free ... More


ω1-LIKE MODELS

Roman Kossak and James H. Schmerl

in The Structure of Models of Peano Arithmetic

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568278
eISBN:
9780191718199
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568278.003.0010
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

This chapter presents several constructions of ω1-like models with interesting second order properties. The list includes: recursively saturated rather classless models, rigid recursively saturated ... More


INTERPOLATION BY TRANSLATION

D.M. Gabbay and L. Maksimova

in Interpolation and Definability: Modal and Intuitionistic Logics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198511748
eISBN:
9780191705779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198511748.003.0014
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

This chapter proposes some uniform algorithmic methodology for finding interpolants in various logic. It operates with translations of non-classical logics into classical first-order theories and ... More


Is free postverbal order in Hungarian a syntactic or a PF phenomenon? *

Katalin É. Kiss

in The Sound Patterns of Syntax

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199556861
eISBN:
9780191722271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556861.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Phonetics / Phonology

The paper argues that the free postverbal order of the Hungarian sentence cannot be either the result of random base‐generation, or the result of syntactic Scrambling or flattening. It is a PF ... More


Why float? Floating quantifiers and focus marking *

Lisa Rochman

in The Sound Patterns of Syntax

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199556861
eISBN:
9780191722271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556861.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Phonetics / Phonology

This paper explores the connection between floating quantifiers (FQs) and information structure arguing that there is a connection between the use of an FQ and the presence of a focused element ... More


Predication

George Bealer

in Quality and Concept

Published in print:
1982
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198244288
eISBN:
9780191680762
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198244288.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

First-order quantifier logic is complete; higher-order quantifier logic is not. A few formally minded philosophers of logic — such as Quine and some of his followers — appear to believe that this is ... More


Nominal Structure

Ronald W. Langacker

in Cognitive Grammar: A Basic Introduction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195331967
eISBN:
9780199868209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331967.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

Personal pronouns and proper names are inherently grounded. The structure of other nominals tends to reflect semantic function, with the head noun as core, grounding as the outermost layer, and ... More


Grounding

Ronald W. Langacker

in Cognitive Grammar: A Basic Introduction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195331967
eISBN:
9780199868209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331967.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

Grounding is the grammaticized means of relating the thing profiled by a nominal, or the process profiled by a finite clause, to the ground (the speech event and its participants). As narrowly ... More


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