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The Simple View

Andrew Mason

in Levelling the Playing Field: The Idea of Equal Opportunity and its Place in Egalitarian Thought

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199264414
eISBN:
9780191718489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264414.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter begins with an examination of the simple view that equality of opportunity requires open competition for advantaged social positions. It is argued that this idea is not really so simple. ... More


The Desert of the Best Qualified

Andrew Mason

in Levelling the Playing Field: The Idea of Equal Opportunity and its Place in Egalitarian Thought

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199264414
eISBN:
9780191718489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264414.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter examines the most obvious way of developing a meritocratic account, one in terms of the idea of desert. According to this approach, the best-qualified candidates should be appointed to ... More


Mitigating Principles

Andrew Mason

in Levelling the Playing Field: The Idea of Equal Opportunity and its Place in Egalitarian Thought

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199264414
eISBN:
9780191718489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264414.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

In order to defend a version of the mitigation approach as opposed to the neutralization approach, a plausible set of principles that might constitute that approach must be identified. The strategy ... More


Class Transformation and Trends in Social Fluidity in the Republic of Ireland 1973–94

Richard Layte and Christopher T. Whelan

in Social Mobility in Europe

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199258451
eISBN:
9780191601491
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199258457.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The Irish case provides a particularly appropriate test of the consequences for social mobility of economic growth and, in particular, of the hypothesis of increasing merit selection. This is so not ... More


Skill Mismatch and Over‐qualification in the Enlarged Europe

Giorgia Brunello, Pietro Garibaldi, and Etienne Wasmer

in Education and Training in Europe

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199210978
eISBN:
9780191705786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199210978.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Every year, the European economy generates a large number of high school and college / university graduates who begin their search for their first job. The transition from school to work can be slow ... More


 Chapter 7 Liquidations

Dr. Ben S. Branch, Hugh M. Ray, and Robin Russell

in Last Rights: Liquidating a Company

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195306989
eISBN:
9780199783762
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306989.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter focuses on the liquidation of a business in a proceeding under Chapter 7 of the United States Bankruptcy Code to understand the duties and powers of the Chapter 7 Trustee. The Chapter 7 ... More


Luria's Legacy in the 21st Century

Anne-Lise Christensen

in Luria's Legacy in the 21st Century

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195176704
eISBN:
9780199864706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176704.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

In this context the first chapter concentrates on Luria's theories and his work in science, stressing individuality and variability. In his diagnostic methods two issues are emphasized: (1) the ... More


Managing Race in the American Workplace

John D. Skrentny

in After Civil Rights: Racial Realism in the New American Workplace

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159966
eISBN:
9781400848492
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159966.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This chapter introduces the problems of the roles racial differences play in the workplace. It discusses the changes in the way Americans talk about race and what pragmatic and progressive voices say ... More


The Price of Globalization: Wage Penalties and Caste Inequality in Urban India

Paul Attewell and S. Madheswaran

in Discrimination in an Unequal World

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199732166
eISBN:
9780199866144
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732166.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines inequality in the formal sector in urban India — the part of the economy that is more integrated into the global economic system — and pays special attention to caste-related ... More


Competitive Procurement of Electricity

Alok Kumar and Sushanta K. Chatterjee

in Electricity Sector in India: Policy and Regulation

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198082279
eISBN:
9780199082063
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198082279.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter introduces the legal and policy provisions on the competitive procurement of electricity in India, which are one of the most important features of the Act. The salient features of the ... More


Recognition of qualifications

Robin C. A. White

in Workers, Establishment, and Services in the European Union

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198267768
eISBN:
9780191683367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198267768.003.0004
Subject:
Law, EU Law

This chapter discusses approaches to mutual recognition of qualifications. The starting point is Community legislation, but there is a significant bundle of rights flowing from the case law of the ... More


Object and Word

Samuel Guttenplan

in Objects of Metaphor

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199280896
eISBN:
9780191602627
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199280894.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Beginning with Nelson Goodman’s notion of exemplification, the possibility of using non-word objects (where ‘objects’ include events, states of affairs, situations and the like) to fulfil the ... More


The Semantic Descent Account

Samuel Guttenplan

in Objects of Metaphor

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199280896
eISBN:
9780191602627
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199280894.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

The notion of semantic descent made familiar by Quine is extended to a movement from the first-floor level of language use to the level of objects that language typically describes; descent here is ... More


: Language and Thought

Samuel Guttenplan

in Objects of Metaphor

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199280896
eISBN:
9780191602627
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199280894.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

The central idea of the Semantic Descent account, namely qualification, can be used in a substantial way to clarify the debates about the relationship between thought and language, both within ... More


Parity and Legislative Competence in France

Rainbow Murray

in The Impact of Gender Quotas

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199830091
eISBN:
9780199932924
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199830091.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter evaluates the common criticism that quotas violate the principle of “merit.” Comparing women elected after the passage of a legislative quota in France with their male counterparts and ... More


Gender and Political Backgrounds in Argentina

Susan Franceschet and Jennifer M. Piscopo

in The Impact of Gender Quotas

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199830091
eISBN:
9780199932924
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199830091.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter focuses on legislators’ backgrounds, exploring whether legislative quotas in Argentina lead to the nomination of unrepresentative or unqualified female parliamentarians. Susan ... More


Quotas and Qualifications in Uganda

Diana Z. O’Brien

in The Impact of Gender Quotas

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199830091
eISBN:
9780199932924
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199830091.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter studies the personal and political characteristics of women elected to reserved seats in Uganda to assess whether quotas promote inexperienced and unqualified female party loyalists. ... More


Officers and Others

Douglas Kerr

in Wilfred Owen's Voices: Language and Community

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198123705
eISBN:
9780191671609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198123705.003.0013
Subject:
Literature, Poetry

‘The Smoky Cellar of the Forester's House’ — the last letter that Owen wrote — contained a very emotional scene in which there was no distance between the officers and other ranks as they all had to ... More


Justice and Desert

Geoffrey Cupit

in Justice as Fittingness

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198238621
eISBN:
9780191679698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198238621.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter shows that the language of desert provides an idiom in which to discuss substantive questions of justice. To accept justice as fittingness is to accept that to treat people justly ... More


Europeanization and the Varying Responses in Collective Skill Systems

Justin J.W. Powell and Christine Trampusch

in The Political Economy of Collective Skill Formation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199599431
eISBN:
9780191731518
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599431.003.0011
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

To what extent and in which directions are Europe-wide processes affecting the collective skill formation systems analyzed in this book, namely those in Austria, Denmark, Germany, the Netherlands, ... More


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