Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 34 items

  • Keywords: punctuated equilibria x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

 Rocks of Ages and the Ages of the Rocks: Stephen Jay Gould

Stephen Jay Gould

in Oracles of Science: Celebrity Scientists versus God and Religion

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195310726
eISBN:
9780199785179
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310726.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Stephen Jay Gould is a public intellectual and the best-selling author of Wonderful Life, The Structure of Evolutionary Theory, Rocks of Ages, The Mismeasure of Man, and many other books. He is known ... More


The Slow Pace of Rapid Technological Change: Gradualism and Punctuation in Technological Change

Daniel A. Levinthal

in Understanding Industrial and Corporate Change

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199269426
eISBN:
9780191710179
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269426.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

This chapter champions the punctuated equilibrium framework of evolutionary biology as an alternative approach toward explaining technological change. It argues that the critical event is not a ... More


Punctuated Equilibria and the Rise of the New Paleobiology

David Sepkoski

in Rereading the Fossil Record: The Growth of Paleobiology as an Evolutionary Discipline

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226748559
eISBN:
9780226748580
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226748580.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Paleontology: Biology

Paleobiology transformed from a loose movement with a fairly uncoordinated set of goals to a bonafide sub-discipline with an active institutional and intellectual agenda. The dynamics of this shift ... More


“Radical” or “Conservative”? The Origin and Early Reception of Punctuated Equilibrium

David Sepkoski

in The Paleobiological Revolution: Essays on the Growth of Modern Paleontology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226748610
eISBN:
9780226748597
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226748597.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Paleontology: Biology

This chapter investigates the origin and early history of the theory of punctuated equilibrium, from its first articulation in 1971 through subsequent revision and reaction into the early 1980s. It ... More


Punctuated Equilibria: Speciation and Stasis in Paleontology, 1968–

Niles Eldredge

in Eternal Ephemera: Adaptation and the Origin of Species from the Nineteenth Century Through Punctuated Equilibria and Beyond

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231153164
eISBN:
9780231526753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231153164.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter delves into the development of the theory of punctuated equilibria, widely known as “punk eek.” Punctuated equilibria integrates the idea of the origin of species through geographic ... More


Punctuated Equilibria and Speciation: What Does It Mean to Be a Darwinian?

Patricia Primehouse

in The Paleobiological Revolution: Essays on the Growth of Modern Paleontology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226748610
eISBN:
9780226748597
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226748597.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Paleontology: Biology

This chapter investigates whether Niles Eldredge and Stephen Jay Gould's theory of punctuated equilibrium challenges the central foundations of Darwinism. It argues that punctuated equilibrium has ... More


Evolution and the Dynamics of Technological Change

Joel Mokyr

in The Lever of Riches: Technological Creativity and Economic Progress

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195074772
eISBN:
9780199854981
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195074772.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter focuses at the dynamics of technological change. It specifically asks whether technological change occurs in leaps and bounds, or whether it takes place gradually and continuously. The ... More


Nature Alone: Evolutionists

Larry A. Witham

in Where Darwin Meets the Bible: Creationists and Evolutionists in America

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195150452
eISBN:
9780199834860
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195150457.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Here are biographical profiles of six evolutionists who see no God behind nature: Joseph McInerney, a biology educator and a textbook publisher; Ernst Mayr, a preeminent evolutionist; Michael Ruse, a ... More


Punctuated Equilibrium versus Community Evolution

Arthur J. Boucot

in The Paleobiological Revolution: Essays on the Growth of Modern Paleontology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226748610
eISBN:
9780226748597
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226748597.003.0024
Subject:
Biology, Paleontology: Biology

This chapter examines punctuated equilibrium and compares it to the idea of community evolution that emerged from ecological study of the fossil record. It identifies what is believed to be the ... More


The Co‐Evolution of Technology, Industrial Structure, and Supporting Institutions

Richard R. Nelson

in Technology, Organization, and Competitiveness: Perspectives on Industrial and Corporate Change

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198290964
eISBN:
9780191596162
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198290969.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

There is a large intellectual discrepancy between most formal growth models described by economists and descriptions of growth in economic history. This paper draws on an evolutionary theory of ... More


How Policy Paradigms Change

Joel Rast

in The Origins of the Dual City: Housing, Race, and Redevelopment in Twentieth-Century Chicago

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780226661445
eISBN:
9780226661612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226661612.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

Social scientists generally explain political behavior through interest-based explanations. In this perspective, actors are said to behave the way they do because it is in their interests to do so. ... More


Coming to Terms with Tempo and Mode: Speciation, Anagenesis, and Assessing Relative Frequencies in Macroevolution

Warren D. Allmon

in Evolutionary Theory: A Hierarchical Perspective

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226426051
eISBN:
9780226426198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226426198.003.0018
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

In 1944 Simpson suggested that in studying evolution, there are “two topics in particular” on which “the paleontologist enjoys special advantages”: estimation of evolutionary rates (“tempo”), and ... More


Ladders, Bushes, Punctuations, and Clades: Hominid Paleobiology in the Late Twentieth Century

Tim D. White

in The Paleobiological Revolution: Essays on the Growth of Modern Paleontology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226748610
eISBN:
9780226748597
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226748597.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Paleontology: Biology

This chapter examines hominid paleobiology and the history of the modern interpretations of human evolution. It outlines hominid paleobiology's place in science and situates it within post-Synthetic ... More


A Macroscopic View of the Policy Process

Derek A. Epp

in The Structure of Policy Change

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226529691
eISBN:
9780226529868
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226529868.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter reviews scholarship that seeks to explain the policy process. It describes the theory of incrementalism—that information processing constraints cause policies to be updated only ... More


A “Natural History of Data”: The Rise of Taxic Paleobiology

David Sepkoski

in Rereading the Fossil Record: The Growth of Paleobiology as an Evolutionary Discipline

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226748559
eISBN:
9780226748580
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226748580.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Paleontology: Biology

This chapter explores the taxic approach as a dominant perspective in paleobiology, and its contribution to the solidification of what came to be known as the Chicago School of analytical ... More


Fossil Species Lineages and Their Defining Traits: Taxonomic “Usefulness” and Evolutionary Modes

Melanie J. Hopkins and Scott Lidgard

in Species and Speciation in the Fossil Record

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226377445
eISBN:
9780226377582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226377582.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Paleontology: Biology

A primary claim within the theory of punctuated equilibrium is that most fossil species exhibit morphological stasis. However, an often-overlooked critique of the theory is that the morphological ... More


Communicating Data for Policy or Program Advocacy

David E. Nelson, Bradford W. Hesse, and Robert T. Croyle

in Making Data Talk: The Science and Practice of Translating Public Health Research and Surveillance Findings to Policy Makers, the Public, and the Press

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195381535
eISBN:
9780199864782
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381535.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Policies and programs impact the public's health. This chapter covers the selection and presentation of data for public health advocacy efforts for policies or programs, with policy or other decision ... More


The Problem of Punctuational Speciation and Trends in the Fossil Record

Anthony Hallam

in The Paleobiological Revolution: Essays on the Growth of Modern Paleontology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226748610
eISBN:
9780226748597
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226748597.003.0023
Subject:
Biology, Paleontology: Biology

This chapter offers the perspective of a paleobiologist trained in the United Kingdom. It describes the development of paleobiological interests among British paleontologists from the 1950s to the ... More


Unification of Macroevolutionary Theory: Biologic Hierarchies, Consonance, and the Possibility of Connecting the Dots

William Miller III (ed.)

in Evolutionary Theory: A Hierarchical Perspective

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226426051
eISBN:
9780226426198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226426198.003.0017
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Modern macroevolutionary theory can be viewed as an expansion of the Modern Synthesis involving the interpretation of patterns and processes above the organizational level of organisms packaged in ... More


Pattern versus Process and Hierarchies: Revisiting Eternal Metaphors in Macroevolutionary Theory

Bruce S. Lieberman

in Evolutionary Theory: A Hierarchical Perspective

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226426051
eISBN:
9780226426198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226426198.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

A topic extensively debated is whether sciences that focus on historical entities are somehow fundamentally different from those sciences that are not concerned with the history of the entities they ... More


View: