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Soma Model

W. Otto Friesen and Jonathon A. Friesen

in NeuroDynamix II: Concepts of Neurophysiology Illustrated by Computer Simulations

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195371833
eISBN:
9780199865178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371833.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The Soma model simulates the origin of the resting potential in nerve cells. Because this model demonstrates steady-state conditions, or slow changes in the steady state, the membrane capacitance is ... More


The Humble Origins of Modern Japan's Machine Industry

Jun Suzuki

in The Role of Tradition in Japan's Industrialization: Another Path to Industrialization

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780198292746
eISBN:
9780191603891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292740.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter discusses the importance of artisan workshops in the development of the machine manufacturing industry. Silk-reeling and coal mining, which played the significant role in Japan’s ... More


Experimental Natural Philosophy

Stephen Gaukroger

in The Emergence of a Scientific Culture: Science and the Shaping of Modernity 1210-1685

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199296446
eISBN:
9780191711985
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296446.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter deals with experimental philosophy, as represented in Gilbert on magnetism, Hobbes on the air pump, and Newton on the production of the spectrum. It is shown that experimental philosophy ... More


Associating Local Strategies of Global Reach: Horsens, Lake Mills, Eastbourne, and APV

Peer Hull Kristensen and Jonathan Zeitlin

in Local Players in Global Games: The Strategic Constitution of a Multinational Corporation

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199275625
eISBN:
9780191705809
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199275625.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business

This chapter tells the story of the growth of the MNC using the example of four distinct firms, which after struggling for survival as more or less independent entities for over a century, came ... More


Howard: A Sleeping Beauty Awakes to the Nightmare of a Global Enterprise

Peer Hull Kristensen and Jonathan Zeitlin

in Local Players in Global Games: The Strategic Constitution of a Multinational Corporation

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199275625
eISBN:
9780191705809
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199275625.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business

The case of Howard Pumps may be used to illustrate a case where the advantages that a multinational may offer member firms can be exploited. This chapter examines this case in detail and brings ... More


Kelvin and Engineering

Bernard Crossland

in Kelvin: Life, Labours and Legacy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199231256
eISBN:
9780191710803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231256.003.0009
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter focuses on the achievements of Lord Kelvin as one of the great engineers of the 19th century. Topics discussed include his interest in laying a transatlantic telegraph cable, his ... More


Optical pumping experiments

Alan Corney

in Atomic and Laser Spectroscopy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199211456
eISBN:
9780191705915
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211456.003.0017
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter discusses the principles of the optical pumping technique. The effects of relaxation processes and of magnetic resonance transitions between Zeeman sub-levels are explained. Results of ... More


Intravenous Pumps and Syringe Drivers

Patrick Magee and Mark Tooley

in The Physics, Clinical Measurement and Equipment of Anaesthetic Practice for the FRCA

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199595150
eISBN:
9780191918032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199595150.003.0031
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Anesthesiology

Many infusions are given by gravity assisted, drip sets that give a flowrate dependent on the height of the reservoir above the patient, the length of the tubing, the bore of the IV cannula, the ... More


Physical Basis for the Resting Potential

W. Otto Friesen and Jonathon A. Friesen

in NeuroDynamix II: Concepts of Neurophysiology Illustrated by Computer Simulations

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195371833
eISBN:
9780199865178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371833.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Thanks to the pioneering experiments of the Italian physician Luigi Galvani, it has long been understood that electricity plays a vital role in the functioning of the nervous system. That these ... More


Intransitive Preferences, Vagueness, and the Structure of Procrastination

Duncan MacIntosh

in The Thief of Time: Philosophical Essays on Procrastination

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195376685
eISBN:
9780199776306
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195376685.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Chrisoula Andreou says procrastination qua imprudent delay is modeled by Warren Quinn’s self-torturer, who supposedly has intransitive preferences that rank each indulgence in something that delays ... More


Atomic and Laser Spectroscopy

Alan Corney

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199211456
eISBN:
9780191705915
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211456.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This book gives an account of the progress that has been made in the fields of atomic physics and laser spectroscopy during the last fifty years. The first five chapters prepare the foundations of ... More


MOLECULAR-BEAM DESIGN PRINCIPLES

Norman F. Ramsey

in Molecular Beams

Published in print:
1986
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198520214
eISBN:
9780191706325
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198520214.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

Formulae useful for molecular beam designs are given including beam intensity, sources, attenuation by scattering, detectors (surface ionization, Pirani and other), resonance widths, single and ... More


The hyperfine structure of atoms and its investigation by magnetic resonance methods

Alan Corney

in Atomic and Laser Spectroscopy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199211456
eISBN:
9780191705915
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211456.003.0018
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter develops the theory of the hyperfine structure of atoms involving nuclear magnetic dipole and electric quadrupole moments. The Zeeman effect in weak, intermediate, and strong magnetic ... More


DYNAMICS OF COLD EXCITONS AND ELECTRON–HOLE ENSEMBLES IN DIRECT-GAP SEMICONDUCTORS STUDIED BY MID-INFRARED PUMP AND PROBE SPECTROSCOPY

Makoto Kuwata-Gonokami

in Problems of Condensed Matter Physics: Quantum coherence phenomena in electron-hole and coupled matter-light systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199238873
eISBN:
9780191716652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238873.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter reviews mid-infrared pump-probe spectroscopy, which is applied to visualize picosecond dynamics of excitons and electron-hole ensembles in bulk CuCl and Cu2O. For CuCl, the author ... More


Coherent Interactions of Fields and Atoms

Stephen C. Rand

in Lectures on Light: Nonlinear and Quantum Optics using the Density Matrix

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199574872
eISBN:
9780191722219
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574872.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

Chapter 5 begins the systematic application of the density matrix to describe optical interactions. First, stationary two‐ and three‐level atoms interacting with a traveling wave are compared to show ... More


The Normative Status of the Independence Principle

Edward F. McClennen

in The Handbook of Rational and Social Choice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199290420
eISBN:
9780191710506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199290420.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Some version or other of what is known as the “independence principle” plays a ubiquitous role in the axiomatic derivation of the normative version of expected‐utility theory. The various versions ... More


Rationality and Intransitive Preference *: Foundations For The Modern View

Paul Anand

in The Handbook of Rational and Social Choice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199290420
eISBN:
9780191710506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199290420.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter provides an overview of what has been called by philosophers the “modern view“ of formal rational choice by focussing on the arguments relating to rational agency and transitive ... More


Back To the Breast: Natural Motherhood and Breastfeeding in America

Jessica Martucci

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226288031
eISBN:
9780226288178
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226288178.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Breastfeeding rates in America fell throughout the 1950s and 1960s before beginning to climb again in the 1970s. This work argues that the development of an ideology of natural motherhood preceded ... More


Respiratory muscle function in breathlessness

Michael I. Polkey

in Dyspnoea in Advanced Disease: A guide to clinical management

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198530039
eISBN:
9780191730450
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530039.003.0008
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter discusses the function of respiratory muscles and their interaction with the respiratory system in health and disease. Dyspnoea generally occurs when the load on the respiratory muscle ... More


Aftermath

Alan J. McComas

in Galvani’s Spark: The Story of the Nerve Impulse

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199751754
eISBN:
9780199897094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751754.003.0016
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Lorente de Nó is unable to accept the giant axon work. Hodgkin, however, presses on and shows that it is possible to replace the interior of a giant axon with a potassium solution; the resting ... More


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