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Innovation policy for Japan in a new era

Tateo Arimoto

in Recovering from Success: Innovation and Technology Management in Japan

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199297320
eISBN:
9780191711237
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297320.003.0013
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

Among the most prominent policy attempts to reshape Japan's innovation system has been moves to create an environment conducive to basic research and breakthrough innovations. This chapter reminds us ... More


Introduction: Oversight Hearings and U.S. Foreign Policy

Linda L. Fowler

in Watchdogs on the Hill: The Decline of Congressional Oversight of U.S. Foreign Relations

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151618
eISBN:
9781400866465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151618.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This book examines the formal hearing activity of the Senate Armed Services and Foreign Relations committees from 1947 to 2008 to assess their efficacy in promoting due process and public ... More


Conclusions: The Spending Pit or the Tax Pendulum?

John Hills

in Inequality and the State

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199276646
eISBN:
9780191601644
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276641.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Looks at the policy dilemmas created by these pressures and constraints explored in Ch. 10 in the light of the evidence in the rest of the book. Highlights some parts of the evidence reviewed in ... More


Whose Weather Is It Anyway? From the Production to the Consumption of Decisions

Phaedra Daipha

in Masters of Uncertainty: Weather Forecasters and the Quest for Ground Truth

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226298542
eISBN:
9780226298719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226298719.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

Delving into the challenges that confront experts working in the public domain, this chapter examines the considerations that go into distilling complex, uncertain information into a relatable but ... More


Tax and spend decisions: did austerity improve financial numeracy and literacy?

David Walker

in Data in Society: Challenging Statistics in an Age of Globalisation

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781447348214
eISBN:
9781447348269
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447348214.003.0019
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

Democracy requires public understanding of the numbers underpinning tax and spend decisions. Austerity is the programme of government cuts in the UK since 2010. One might have expected this to have ... More


What do they know of law who only cop shows know?

Anthony Amatrudo

in Law in Popular Belief: Myth and Reality

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780719097836
eISBN:
9781526123985
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719097836.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter shows how it is not the law, as such, but only representations of it that affect behaviour. Citizens act in terms of how they think the law is and not necessarily as it actually is. ... More


Muslim Perceptions of Biological Evolution: A Critical Review of Quantitative and Qualitative Research

Jessica Carlisle, Salman Hameed, and Fern Elsdon-Baker

in Science, Belief and Society: International Perspectives on Religion, Non-Religion and the Public Understanding of Science

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781529206944
eISBN:
9781529206951
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781529206944.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Sociology of Religion

The topic of Muslims’ attitudes towards the theory of biological evolution has received increasing attention at the margins of the fields of public understanding of society, science communication or ... More


Science, Belief and Society: International Perspectives on Religion, Non-Religion and the Public Understanding of Science

Stephen H. Jones, Tom Kaden, and Rebecca Catto (eds)

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781529206944
eISBN:
9781529206951
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781529206944.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Sociology of Religion

The relationship between science and belief has been a prominent subject of public debate for many years, one that has relevance to everything from science communication, health and education to ... More


Life on Display: Revolutionizing U.S. Museums of Science and Natural History in the Twentieth Century

Karen A. Rader and Victoria E. M. Cain

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226079660
eISBN:
9780226079837
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226079837.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Once defined primarily by their collections, by the end of the twentieth century, American natural history and science museums had become institutions defined largely by their displays. This book ... More


Introduction

Shiju Sam Varughese

in Contested Knowledge: Science, Media, and Democracy in Kerala

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2017
ISBN:
9780199469123
eISBN:
9780199087433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199469123.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

The chapter draws attention to the phenomenon of a steadily increasing intensity of science news in mass media, and discusses its impact on both science and media. The central role of media in ... More


Governance through education: Herman Bondi, Karl Popper and the making of scientific citizens

Neil Calver

in Scientific Governance in Britain, 1914-79

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780719090981
eISBN:
9781526115133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719090981.003.0016
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The Popperian Knight, Sir Hermann Bondi, sought to incorporate his mentor's ideals of creativity, imagination purity and scepticism into British teaching - whether in the sciences or the humanities. ... More


How Nurses Can Improve Their Own Image

Sandy Summers and Harry Jacobs Summers

in Saving Lives: Why the Media's Portrayal of Nursing Puts Us All at Risk

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199337064
eISBN:
9780190221423
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199337064.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Nurses themselves must play the leading role in improving their image. Nurses should recognize that they have the power-and the responsibility-to foster change in their profession. They can start by ... More


Reclaiming Responsibility

Jane Gregory

in The One Culture?: A Conversation about Science

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226467221
eISBN:
9780226467245
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226467245.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

In science, replications, peer review, and publication in Nature are usually good enough: the end product is usually well on its way to becoming what Bricmont and Sokal might call “reality” or ... More


Why Do Some Reform Proposals Succeed, and Some Fail?

Malcolm Torry

in Money for everyone: Why we need a citizen's income

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9781447311249
eISBN:
9781447311287
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447311249.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

Family Allowance and Child Benefit were implemented, but other proposals have not been. Failed attempts at reform include genuine tax credits proposals during the early 1970s, Juliet Rhys Williams’ ... More


Science for All: The Popularization of Science in Early Twentieth-Century Britain

Peter J. Bowler

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226068633
eISBN:
9780226068664
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226068664.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Recent scholarship has revealed that pioneering Victorian scientists endeavored through voluminous writing to raise public interest in science and its implications. But it has generally been assumed ... More


What Is Sociology Good For?

Christian Smith

in The Sacred Project of American Sociology

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199377138
eISBN:
9780199377169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199377138.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies, Religion and Society

This chapter presents a renewed vision for the true value of sociology as a discipline, distinct from the sacred project of American sociology. The chapter argues against the reaction that some ... More


Overview of addiction as a disorder of choice and future prospects

Nick Heather

in Addiction and Choice: Rethinking the relationship

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780198727224
eISBN:
9780191833427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198727224.003.0025
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This concluding chapter offers an overview of some issues raised in the book. Future developments in theory and research include seeing addiction as dynamic inconsistency, advancing the explanation ... More


In Science We Trust—Or Don’t We?

Kostas Kampourakis and Kevin McCain

in Uncertainty: How It Makes Science Advance

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780190871666
eISBN:
9780190871697
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190871666.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Scientists are experts in their respective domains because they have the knowledge, credentials, experience, and affirmation of their peers. They are, therefore, the experts when it comes to ... More


The Astronomical Society of Glasgow

David Clarke

in Reflections on the Astronomy of Glasgow: A story of some 500 years

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780748678891
eISBN:
9780748689286
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748678891.003.0010
Subject:
Society and Culture, Scottish Studies

Local interest in astronomy has always been strong in Glasgow. This chapter covers stories of public movements of 1808 and 1836 both leading to the building of two observatories. Towards the end of ... More


Introduction: Imagining AI

Stephen Cave, Kanta Dihal, and Sarah Dillon

in AI Narratives: A History of Imaginative Thinking about Intelligent Machines

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780198846666
eISBN:
9780191881817
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198846666.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter argues that narratives about artificial intelligence (AI) have a major impact on science, policy, and society. These imaginaries of intelligent machines matter because they form the ... More


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