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Conclusions: The Growth of Critical Citizens and Its Consequences

Pippa Norris

in Critical Citizens: Global Support for Democratic Government

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295686
eISBN:
9780191600043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295685.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This concluding chapter considers four common claims that are made concerning the consequences of any erosion of confidence in the institutions of representative democracy and. the growth of critical ... More


Trends in Confidence in Institutions, 1973–2006

Tom W. Smith

in Social Trends in American Life: Findings from the General Social Survey since 1972

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691133317
eISBN:
9781400845569
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691133317.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

This chapter examines trends in institutional confidence measured by the General Social Survey between 1973 and 2006. It begins by considering the construct of institutional confidence and describing ... More


Evolution of Water Law

Philippe Cullet

in Water Law, Poverty, and Development: Water Sector Reforms in India

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199546237
eISBN:
9780191705519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546237.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter examines Indian water law as it developed over the years before the introduction of the current water law reforms. It focuses on issues related to access to and control over water which ... More


Towards an Alternative Framework for Water Law Reforms

Philippe Cullet

in Water Law, Poverty, and Development: Water Sector Reforms in India

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199546237
eISBN:
9780191705519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546237.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter builds on the critical analysis of ongoing water law reforms undertaken in the previous two chapters and suggests some alternatives. It emphasizes some possible new conceptual bases for ... More


Can We Trust Our Researchers?

Jerome P. Kassirer

in On the Take: How Medicine's Complicity with Big Business Can Endanger Your Health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195300048
eISBN:
9780199850518
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300048.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

Medical research has become an enormous enterprise in the United States. The federal government spent approximately 20 billion dollars in 2001 on it, and private industry spent even more: in the ... More


Reputation: Human Rights Meanings and Trust

James Ron, Shannon Golden, David Crow, and Archana Pandya

in Taking Root: Human Rights and Public Opinion in the Global South

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780199975044
eISBN:
9780190677299
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199975044.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter surveys global South publics’ definitions of “human rights” and perceptions of local human rights organizations. Many human rights practitioners fear negative public opinions about human ... More


Donors and Professionals

Peter Frumkin (ed.)

in Strategic Giving: The Art and Science of Philanthropy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226266268
eISBN:
9780226266282
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226266282.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

This chapter examines the changes in the role of donors and grantmaking professionals in the philanthropy sector in the U.S. in the 1960s and the 1970s. These include the foundations' acceptance of a ... More


Earning Trust

James Lawrence Powell

in The Inquisition of Climate Science

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231157193
eISBN:
9780231527842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231157193.003.0017
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter reflects on the American public's continued trust in scientists, despite the calls of global warming deniers for the public to trust them instead of scientists. A poll by the Pew ... More


Land, History, and the Law: Constituting the “Public” through Environmentalism and Annexation

Susan Y. Najita

in Oceanic Archives, Indigenous Epistemologies, and Transpacific American Studies

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9789888455775
eISBN:
9789882204034
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888455775.003.0006
Subject:
History, Asian History

This essay examines the history of land acquisition in creating Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park during the period after the overthrow of the Hawaiian monarchy and the annexation of the islands to the ... More


Environmental Damages in the Common Law: An Overview

Thomas Schoenbaum

in Environmental Damage in International and Comparative Law: Problems of Definition and Valuation

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199255733
eISBN:
9780191698262
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199255733.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law, Comparative Law

This chapter explores whether and to what extent the common law makes provisions liability for and recovery of environmental damage. The chapter is organized as follows. First, it examines the ... More


The future of policing

Bryn Caless

in Policing at the Top: The Roles, Values and Attitudes of Chief Police Officers

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9781447300168
eISBN:
9781447305507
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447300168.003.0007
Subject:
Social Work, Crime and Justice

Based on the chief officers' own perceptions of what the future holds and what changes may be expected in policing, this chapter examines arguments for internal reform and whether the chief officer ... More


The Relevance of Trust

Inmaculada de Melo-Martín and Kristen Intemann

in The Fight Against Doubt: How to Bridge the Gap Between Scientists and the Public

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780190869229
eISBN:
9780190869236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190869229.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter offers a brief overview of the importance of epistemic trust and the relevance that scientific institutions and practices have in promoting or undermining warranted public trust. ... More


Other Applications of the Public Benefit Model and Normative Reframing

Leigh Raymond

in Reclaiming the Atmospheric Commons: The Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative and a New Model of Emissions Trading

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262034746
eISBN:
9780262336161
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034746.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

After RGGI’s implementation in 2008, a series of political set backs led some to declare cap and trade “dead.” This chapter rejects the asserted demise of cap and trade, arguing that the public ... More


Germaine de Staël: A Political Portrait

Biancamaria Fontana

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691169040
eISBN:
9781400880614
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691169040.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Germaine de Staël (1766–1817) is perhaps best known today as a novelist, literary critic, and outspoken and independent thinker. Yet she was also a prominent figure in politics during the French ... More


Rising to the Challenge: California Coastal Climate Change Adaptation

Sara C. Aminzadeh

in Climate Change Impacts on Ocean and Coastal Law: U.S. and International Perspectives

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199368747
eISBN:
9780199368761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199368747.003.0025
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law, Public International Law

Approximately 85 percent of California’s 38 million residents live or work along bay or coastal areas and currently face the growing threat of sea-level rise without plans to adapt to its expected ... More


Conclusions

Gay Hawkins, Emily Potter, and Kane Race

in Plastic Water: The Social and Material Life of Bottled Water

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029414
eISBN:
9780262329521
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029414.003.0009
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This chapter begins with an analysis of various state responses to bottled water markets from the branding of public water utilities to bans on using bottled water in government meetings. It then ... More


Conclusion

Leigh Raymond

in Reclaiming the Atmospheric Commons: The Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative and a New Model of Emissions Trading

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262034746
eISBN:
9780262336161
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034746.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter reviews the theory of normative reframing that is at the heart of the book’s explanation for sudden policy change, and the evidence of normative reframing’s role in the unprecedented ... More


What’s so Special about Academic Freedom?

Michele Moody-Adams

in Who's Afraid of Academic Freedom?

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231168809
eISBN:
9780231538794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231168809.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines conflicting values as they affect questions of academic freedom. It begins with an overview of the fundamental elements of academic freedom and how to determine when academic ... More


Mass Politics in Tough Times

Nancy Bermeo and Larry M. Bartels (eds)

in Mass Politics in Tough Times: Opinions, Votes and Protest in the Great Recession

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199357505
eISBN:
9780199357536
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199357505.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter surveys how ordinary people reacted to the Great Recession. It introduces and elaborates on three themes emerging from the ten original essays that follow. First, voters were very likely ... More


Disquiet on All Fronts?

Pierre L. Siklos

in Central Banks into the Breach: From Triumph to Crisis and the Road Ahead

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780190228835
eISBN:
9780190228866
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190228835.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

The state of central banking is fragile and fraught with reasons to take a dim view of their stature. Low economic growth, an insufficiently unsubstantiated expansion of central bank ... More


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