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Conclusions from the US experience

Karen Lucas

in Running on empty: Transport, social exclusion and environmental justice.

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861345707
eISBN:
9781447303282
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861345707.003.0015
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter summarises the main points raised in the US chapters and draws out some key issues and concerns in relation to the approach that is being applied to the transport-equity agenda in the ... More


Beginnings

James Wolfinger

in Running the Rails: Capital and Labor in the Philadelphia Transit Industry

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781501702402
eISBN:
9781501704239
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501702402.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter analyzes Philadelphia's pre-twentieth-century urban development and the need for adequate public transportation as the city's population and commerce grew. Starting in the mid-nineteenth ... More


The Billionaire’s Ambitions

Philip Mark Plotch

in Last Subway: The Long Wait for the Next Train in New York City

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780801453663
eISBN:
9781501745034
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801453663.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

This chapter assesses the roles played by New York governor Nelson Rockefeller and New York City mayor John Lindsay, as well as William Ronan, in transforming the transportation system. Ronan, ... More


Local Energy and the Public Sector

David J. Hess

in Localist Movements in a Global Economy: Sustainability, Justice, and Urban Development in the United States

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262012645
eISBN:
9780262255486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262012645.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter examines localism in the context of municipal, regional, or state government ownership. It analyzes three cases of local ownership in the electric power industry and identifies the ... More


Capital and the Shifting Nature of Social Control

James Wolfinger

in Running the Rails: Capital and Labor in the Philadelphia Transit Industry

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781501702402
eISBN:
9781501704239
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501702402.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This introductory chapter states the book's aim to explore capital's quest to control labor over nearly a century. Beginning in the 1880s and ending in the 1960s, it tells a tale of workers and ... More


Repairing Holes in the Safety Net

Scott W. Allard

in Out of Reach: Place, Poverty, and the New American Welfare State

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300120356
eISBN:
9780300152838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300120356.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

This chapter discusses the numerous solutions that communities, policymakers, and advocates could take to improve local safety nets and mitigate mismatches in access to assistance. It suggests that ... More


“Jim Crow Conveyances” and the Politics of Integrating the Public

Kyle G. Volk

in Moral Minorities and the Making of American Democracy

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199371914
eISBN:
9780199371945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199371914.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter explores contests over racial segregation in public transportation that came to dominate abolitionists’ agenda for the protection of minority rights in the 1850s. Black and white ... More


Essential Driving and Vital Cars American Automobile Culture in World War II

Sarah Frohardt-Lane

in Oil Culture

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816689682
eISBN:
9781452949314
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816689682.003.0005
Subject:
History, Environmental History

This chapter examines automobile culture in the United States during World War II, with particular emphasis on the Office of War Information’s propaganda that implored Americans to alter their ... More


Saving the Subway

Philip Mark Plotch

in Last Subway: The Long Wait for the Next Train in New York City

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780801453663
eISBN:
9781501745034
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801453663.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

This chapter describes how, in the 1970s, the New York City subway system continued the downward spiral of fewer riders, budget cuts, and reduced service, which led to a loss of more riders, further ... More


Running the Rails: Capital and Labor in the Philadelphia Transit Industry

James Wolfinger

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781501702402
eISBN:
9781501704239
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501702402.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Philadelphia exploded in violence in 1910. The general strike that year was a notable point, but not a unique one, in a generations-long history of conflict between the workers and management at one ... More


: Challenges for New Town Design in a Frontier Region: Palmas

Dirceu Trindade

in Contemporary Urbanism Brazil: Beyond Brasilia

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813032818
eISBN:
9780813039275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813032818.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Latin American Studies

This chapter examines the history of urbanism in Palmas, the capital of the Brazilian state of Tocantins. The findings suggest that the creation of Palmas, like that of Brasília, proves that the ... More


BRT as a tool for negotiated re-regulation

Onesimo Flores Dewey

in Restructuring public transport through Bus Rapid Transit: An international and interdisciplinary perspective

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9781447326168
eISBN:
9781447326236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447326168.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Gerontology and Ageing

Loosely regulated consortia of vehicle owners, who coordinate services but retain individual management of their vehicles, are the main suppliers of public transportation in many cities in the global ... More


Urban Policy Effects on Carbon Mitigation

Matthew E. Kahn

in The Design and Implementation of US Climate Policy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226269146
eISBN:
9780226921983
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226921983.003.0017
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter considers the implications of urban policies on carbon mitigation, using different data sets to evaluate whether urban residents drive less and use public transportation more than people ... More


Environmental Barriers

Jeffrey J. Martin

in Handbook of Disability Sport and Exercise Psychology

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780190638054
eISBN:
9780190638078
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190638054.003.0033
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Health Psychology

In addition to individual and social barriers to physical activity (PA), people with impairments also face a physical or built environment that is often not conducive to PA. The purpose of this ... More


American Cities

Peter Temin

in The Vanishing Middle Class: Prejudice and Power in a Dual Economy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262036160
eISBN:
9780262339988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036160.003.0011
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy

The United States has a dual residential system; the FTE sector lives in wealthy suburbs, and the low-wage sector lives in inner cities. Urban services are old and deteriorating. City schools are ... More


Locomobiles & Model T's

Richard Schweid

in Che's Chevrolet, Fidel's Oldsmobile: On the Road in Cuba

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807828922
eISBN:
9781469605739
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807888629_schweid.4
Subject:
History, Latin American History

Parked outside the El Capitolio Nacional in Old Havana are long lines of pre-1959 American cars built in Detroit and sold to Cubans many years ago. These cars, already extinct in the streets of the ... More


On the Streets of a Truck-Building City: Naberezhnye Chelny in the Brezhnev Era

Esther Meier

in The Socialist Car: Automobility in the Eastern Bloc

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449918
eISBN:
9780801463211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449918.003.0007
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This chapter examines the symbolic significance of streets, and how people took possession of them, in the Soviet city of Naberezhnye Chelny during the Brezhnev era. Naberezhnye Chelny was designed ... More


Patronizing the Northeast: IFOCS under Vargas in the 1930s

Eve E. Buckley

in Technocrats and the Politics of Drought and Development in Twentieth-Century Brazil

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781469634302
eISBN:
9781469634326
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469634302.003.0005
Subject:
History, Latin American History

This chapter reviews the policy commitments and governing styles of the several national regimes led by Getúlio Vargas from 1930 to 1945, and it demonstrates how approaches to drought aid in the ... More


Introduction

Robert W. Jackson

in Highway under the Hudson: A History of the Holland Tunnel

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814742990
eISBN:
9780814745045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814742990.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This introductory chapter discusses developments in transportation in New York and New Jersey in the 20th century. In 1901, New York became the first state to require registration of motor vehicles, ... More


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